Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
The denominator measure for the indicator: “Reduce emergency department (ED) visits for medication overdoses among children <5 years of age” is different than the denominator for the other indicators regarding rate of ED visits for medication overdose.
The denominator for this measure is the U.S. resident population of children <5 years of age (rather than a measure of medications prescribed for these children) because over 80% of ED visits for overdoses among children <5 years old are due to unsupervised ingestions, very often ingestion of medications prescribed or intended to be used by another older child or an adult. Thus, the population of children <5 years of age (rather than children <5 years of age who are prescribed medications) is the best measure of the population at risk.
To calculate the numerator: The cause/mechanism of each adverse drug event visit is coded as allergic reaction, side-effect or overdose. Only ED visits due to overdoses are included in the numerator.
Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.
The original baseline was revised from 32.8 to 32.7 due to a change in the baseline year from 2008 to 2007-2008. The target was adjusted from 29.5 to 29.4 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.
Additional resources about the objective.
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