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MICH-8.1 Data Details

MICH-8.1 Reduce low birth weight (LBW)

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
8.2 (2007)
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Number of live births with birth weight of less than 2,500 grams (5 lbs, 8oz)
Number of live births
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

This objective is identical to Healthy People 2000 objective 14.5 and Healthy People 2010 objective 16-10a.

Information on birthweight is available for the entire United States. Birthweight is reported in some areas in pounds and ounces and in other areas as grams. However, the metric system is used to tabulate and present the statistics to facilitate comparison with data published by other groups. The categories for birthweight are consistent with the recommendations in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD–9) and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10). ICD–9 and ICD–10 define low birthweight as less than 2,500 grams. Very low birthweight is defined as less than 1,500 grams.

To establish the continuity of class intervals needed to convert pounds and ounces to grams, the end points of these intervals are assumed to be half an ounce less at the lower end and half an ounce more at the upper end. For example, 2 lb 4 oz–3 lb 4 oz is interpreted as 2 lb 3 ½ oz–3 lb 4 ½ oz.