Nonfatal maltreatment is defined as an act or failure to act by a parent, caretaker, other person, as defined under State law, which results in serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm. State definitions may include additional criteria.
A child is considered to have been a victim of maltreatment if a “substantiated,” “indicated,” or “alternative response victim” disposition was recorded.
These are case-level data reported in the Child File and, therefore, are a subset of all children reported.
Victims with an unknown age, including unborn children, are excluded.
Nonfatal child maltreatment rates are calculated using the July 1 estimates of the resident population from the Vintage matching the data year for the postcensal period based on the prior decennial census. For example, July 1, 2008 resident population estimates from Vintage 2008 are used as the denominator for 2008 rates. Rates for 2010 are also calculated using the July 1 estimates.