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IVP-38 Data Details

IVP-38 Reduce nonfatal child maltreatment

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
per 1,000 
Baseline (Year)
9.4 (2008)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of persons under 18 years of age reported and confirmed to be victims of nonfatal maltreatment by State child welfare agencies
Persons under 18 years of age
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Nonfatal maltreatment is defined as an act or failure to act by a parent, caretaker, other person, as defined under State law, which results in serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm. State definitions may include additional criteria.

A child is considered to have been a victim of maltreatment if a “substantiated,” “indicated,” or “alternative response victim” disposition was recorded.

These are case-level data reported in the Child File and, therefore, are a subset of all children reported.

Victims with an unknown age, including unborn children, are excluded.

Nonfatal child maltreatment rates are calculated using the July 1 estimates of the resident population from the Vintage matching the data year for the postcensal period based on the prior decennial census. For example, July 1, 2008 resident population estimates from Vintage 2008 are used as the denominator for 2008 rates. Rates for 2010 are also calculated using the July 1 estimates.

Trend Issues
The number of reporting states varies from year to year. 2008 and 2009: 49 states excluding ND and OR. 2010 and 2011: 50 states excluding OR. 2012: 50 states excluding ID.
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 15-33a in that the definition was modified to track only nonfatal maltreatment to avoid overlap with the child maltreatment fatalities objective (IVP-37). The methodology for counting cases also was revised. Healthy People 2010 data were based on both case level (Child File) and aggregated data (SDC and Agency files) and, therefore, include duplicate counts of victims while Healthy People 2020 data are based on case level data (Child File) only allowing for unique counts of victims. At baseline 48 states provided case level data, representing 98.2% of the total victims reported to NCANDS. Unlike Healthy People 2010 data, Healthy People 2020 data exclude victims with an unknown age, including unborn children.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the methodology was revised to now exclude children of unknown age and unborns, but this did not impact the baseline or target display values.