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IVP-37 Data Details

IVP-37 Reduce child maltreatment deaths

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
per 100,000 
Baseline (Year)
2.3 (2008)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of reported child fatalities due to maltreatment among persons under 18 years of age
Persons under 18 years of age
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Child fatality due to maltreatment is defined as the death of a child as a result of abuse or neglect, because either (a) an injury resulting from the abuse or neglect of a child was the cause of the death, or (b) abuse and/or neglect were contributing factors to the cause of death. Data on child fatalities are collected from all states; some state offices of child protective services work closely with health departments or the coroner’s office, whereas others rely more on their own records, including deaths reported to them by law enforcement. Only those fatalities that were known to CPS and reported in the Child File are included in these analyses.

These are case-level data reported in the Child File and, therefore, are a subset of all child fatalities.

Fatalities of an unknown age, including unborn children, are excluded.

Child maltreatment death rates are calculated using the July 1 estimates of the resident population from the Vintage matching the data year for the postcensal period based on the prior decennial census. For example, July 1, 2008 resident population estimates from Vintage 2008 are used as the denominator for 2008 rates. Rates for 2010 are also calculated using the July 1 estimates.

Trend Issues
The number of reporting states varies from year to year. 2008: 42 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NH, NC, ND, OR, WA. 2009: 43 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, ND, OR, WA. 2010: 43 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, NH, OR, WA. 2011: 44 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, OR, WA. 2012: 43 states excluding AK, CA, ID, ME, MA, NC, OR, WA
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 15-33b in that the methodology for counting cases was revised. Healthy People 2010 data were based on both case level (Child File) and aggregated data (SDC and Agency files) and, therefore, include duplicate counts of victims while Healthy People 2020 data are based on case level data (Child File) only, allowing for unique counts of victims. At baseline 42 states provided case level data. Unlike Healthy People 2010 data, Healthy People 2020 data exclude victims with an unknown age, including unborn children.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 2.4 to 2.3 due to a change in the methodology. Children of unknown age and unborns are now excluded. The target was adjusted from 2.2 to 2.1 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.