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IVP-2.1 Data Details

IVP-2.1 Reduce fatal traumatic brain injuries

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Population Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
per 100,000 (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
17.4 (2007)
Target
15.7
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of deaths caused by traumatic brain injury (ICD-10 codes S01.0-S01.9, S02.0, S02.1, S02.3, S02.7-S02.9, S04.0, S06.0-S06.9, S07.0, S07.1, S07.8, S07.9, S09.7-S09.9, T90.1, T90.2, T90.4, T90.5, T90.8, T90.9 in any field of the multiple cause of death file) among deaths with an underlying external cause-of-injury (ICD-10 codes ICD-10 codes *U01-*U03, V01-Y36, Y85-Y87, Y89)
Denominator
Number of persons
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

The Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) definition is consistent with that used in the State Injury Indicators Report. These reports compile injury data voluntarily collected by state health departments. They consolidate data from hospital records, death certificates, and several national surveillance systems and provide the rates of various injuries and related factors.

FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Total: <1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Sex: <1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Race/Ethnicity: <1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Country of Birth: <5, 5-17, 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75+
  • Geographic Location: <1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Marital Status: 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75+
  • Trend Issues
    Mortality data by marital status were not available for 60% of Georgia’s records in 2008 and 94% of Georgia’s records in 2009. Therefore, 2008 and 2009 data by marital status should be interpreted with caution.

    Revision History

    Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

    Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

    In 2013, rates for 2007–2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator. Thus, the original baseline was revised from 17.3 to 17.4. The target was adjusted from 15.6 to 15.7 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

    References

    Additional resources about the objective.

    1. Fingerhut LA and Warner M. The ICD–10 injury mortality diagnosis matrix. Injury Prevention 2006;12:24-9.
    2. Traumatic Brain Injury
      http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/statistics.html