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IVP-13.2 Data Details

IVP-13.2 Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS); Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT/NHTSA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 100,000,000 vehicle miles traveled 
Baseline (Year)
1.3 (2008)
Target
1.2
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of motor vehicle crash deaths reported in FARS
Denominator
Total vehicle miles traveled
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

FARS contains data on a census of fatal traffic crashes abstracted from official state documents, including police accident reports, state vehicle registration files, state driver license files, state highway department data, vital statistics data, death certificates, Coroner/Medical Examiner reports, hospital medical records, emergency medical service reports, and other state records. To be included in FARS, a crash must involve a motor vehicle traveling on a trafficway customarily open to the public, and must result in the death of an occupant of a vehicle or a nonoccupant within 30 days of the crash.

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) estimates total vehicle miles traveled using an algorithm that includes gas sales, vehicle registration, vehicle fuel economy data, and other data from the Highway Performance Monitoring System.