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ENT-VSL-3.4 Data Details

ENT-VSL-3.4 Increase the proportion of adults aged 70 years and older with hearing loss who use assistive listening devices

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 1,000 
Baseline (Year)
100.0 (2005-2006)
Target
110.0
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of persons aged 70 years and over who have ever used assistive listening devices (ALDs), such as FM systems, closed-captioned television, or amplified telephone (or relay services)
Denominator
Number of person aged 70 years and over with hearing loss in either ear, defined as the pure-tone average of thresholds at {1000, 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz} greater than or equal to 35 dB
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2005-06 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

Have you ever used assistive listening devices (ALDs), such as FM systems, closed-captioned television, or amplified telephone (or relay service)?

  1. Yes
  2. No
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

A cochlear implant is a medical device that bypasses damaged structures in the inner ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve, allowing some deaf individuals to hear and to maintain or develop speech and language. A hearing aid is an electronic device that brings amplified sound to the ear, usually consisting of a microphone, amplifier, and receiver. Assistive devices are technical tools and devices used to aid individuals who have communication disorders in performing actions, tasks, and activities. Examples include alphabet boards, text telephones (TT/TTY/TTD), and text-to-speech conversion software.

The numerator for this measure, adults aged 70 years and older who report they have ever used assistive listening devices (ALDs), such as FM systems, closed-captioned television, or amplified telephone (or relay services) is obtained every two years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) audiometric questionnaire, beginning with 2005–06; the denominator, adults aged 70 years or older who testing as having hearing loss in either ear, is obtained from the 2005–06 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).