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EH-16.4 Data Details

EH-16.4 Increase the proportion of the Nation’s elementary, middle, and high schools that promote a healthy and safe physical school environment by using spot treatments and baiting rather than widespread application of pesticide

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (CDC/NCHHSTP)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
57.9 (2006)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of schools that had the objective-specific program or practice
Total number of schools in sample
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study:


Physical School Environment

School Policy and Environment State Questionnaire - Public Use Version

The next section asks about the physical school environment, such as building maintenance, indoor air quality, pest control, and chemicals.

Does your district require or recommend that schools use spot treatments rather than widespread applications of pesticides?

  1. Required
  2. Recommend
  3. Neither


During the past 12 months, how often:

Were spot treatments and baiting used rather than widespread applications of pesticides?

  1. Never
  2. Rarely
  3. Sometimes
  4. Almost Always or Always
  5. N/A
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

Starting with the 2012 survey, the name of the SHPPS survey was changed from the School Health Policies and Programs Study to the School Health Policies and Practices Study.