Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
The data source is the Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC; http://www.aapcc.org) National Poison Data System (NPDS). During 2007, 60 of the nation's 61 U.S. Poison Centers upload case data automatically. The median upload time is 14 minutes creating a real-time national exposure database and surveillance system. The measure for this objective includes only those pesticide exposures resulting in treatment at a Health Care facility. The total number of documented pesticide exposures (including those not requiring treatment) was 90,261.
Over 4.2 million calls were captured by NPDS in 2007: 2,482,041 human exposure calls, 1,602,489 information requests, and 131,744 nonhuman exposure calls. Substances involved most frequently in all human exposures were analgesics (12.5% of all exposures). The most common exposures in children less than age 6 were cosmetics/personal care products (10.7% of pediatric exposures). Drug identification requests comprised 66.8% of all information calls. NPDS documented 1,597 human fatalities from all sources and 16 due to pesticides.
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