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Substance Abuse

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Alcohol or illicit drug use, adolescents, 2002–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.
NOTE: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using at least one of the following substances in the past 30 days: alcohol, marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including "crack"), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any nonmedical use of analgesics, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives.

Over the past decade, the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days decreased 21.6% between 2002 and 2012, from 22.2% to 17.4%. 

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Alcohol or illicit drug use, adolescents, 2008 and 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using at least one of the following substances in the past 30 days: alcohol, marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including "crack"), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any nonmedical use of analgesics, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.
 

There was no significant change between 2008 (18.4%) and 2012 (17.4%) in the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days. Rates of alcohol or illicit drug use varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2012, 7.2% of Asian adolescents aged 12–17 years reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days, compared with:

  • 15.4% of non-Hispanic black adolescents; more than twice the rate of alcohol or illicit drug use among Asian adolescents.

  • 18.2% of American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents; approximately two and a half times the rate among Asian adolescents.

  • 18.3% of Hispanic or Latino adolescents; approximately two and a half times the rate among Asian adolescents.

  • 18.3% of non-Hispanic white adolescents; approximately two and a half times the rate among Asian adolescents.

  • 19.8% of adolescents of two or more races; nearly three times the rate among Asian adolescents.

 
Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Alcohol or illicit drug use, adolescents, 2008 and 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using at least one of the following substances in the past 30 days: alcohol, marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including "crack"), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any nonmedical use of analgesics, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives. 
Confidence Interval = 95% confidence interval.
 

There was no significant change between 2008 (18.4%) and 2012 (17.4%) in the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days. Rates of alcohol or illicit drug use varied by age and whether adolescents were born in or outside the United States. For example, in 2012:

  • 5.1% of adolescents aged 12–13 years reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days, compared with: 15.2% of adolescents aged 14–15 years, approximately three times the rate of alcohol or illicit drug use among adolescents aged 12–13 years; and 31.3% of adolescents aged 16–17 years, more than six times the rate among adolescents aged 12–13 years.

  • 17.6% of adolescents aged 12–17 years who were born in the U.S. reported using alcohol or illicit drugs in the past 30 days, compared with 14.4% of adolescents who were born outside the U.S.

 
Revised: Sunday, August 25, 2013

Binge drinking, adults, 2008 and 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks (for men) or 4 or more drinks (for women) at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other during the past 30 days. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.
 

There was no change between 2008 and 2012 in the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, 27.1%. Binge drinking rates varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2012, 14.8% of Asian adults reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, compared with:

  • 24.3% of non-Hispanic black adults; over one and a half times the binge drinking rate for Asian adults.

  • 27.6% of Hispanic adults; almost twice the rate for Asian adults.

  • 28.2% of non-Hispanic white adults; almost twice the rate for Asian adults.

  • 29.4% of adults of two or more races; about twice the rate for Asian adults.

  • 33.2% of American Indian or Alaska Native adults; almost two and a half times the rate for Asian adults.

 
Revised: Sunday, August 25, 2013

Binge drinking, adults, 2008 and 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks (for men) or 4 or more drinks (for women) at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other during the past 30 days. 
Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

There was no change between 2008 and 2012 in the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, 27.1%. Binge drinking rates varied by sex, marital status, and veteran status. For example, in 2012:

  • 33.0% of male adults reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, more than one and a half times the binge drinking rate among female adults, 21.6%.

  • 10.5% of widowed adults reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, compared with: 21.9% of married adults, more than twice the binge drinking rate among widowed adults; 27.6% of divorced or separated adults, more than two and a half times the rate among widowed adults; and 40.6% of never-married adults, almost three times the rate among widowed adults.

  • 22.7% of veterans reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, compared with 27.6% of non-veterans. 

 
Revised: Sunday, August 25, 2013

Binge drinking, adults, 2008 and 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks (for men) or 4 or more drinks (for women) at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other during the past 30 days.
Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.
 

There was no change between 2008 and 2012 in the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, 27.1%. Binge drinking rates varied by age and whether adults were born in or outside the United States. For example, in 2012:

  • 9.2% of adults aged 65 and over reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, compared with: 22.5% of adults aged 45–64, about two and a half times the binge drinking rate among adults aged 65 and over; and 37.2% of adults aged 18–44, more than four times the rate among adults aged 65 and over.

  • 28.7% of adults who were born in the U.S. reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, about one and a half times the binge drinking rate among adults born outside the U.S., 18.9%.

 
Revised: Sunday, August 25, 2013

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014