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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Chlamydia trachomatis, adolescents and young adults, 2008–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: STD Surveillance System (STDSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTES: Data for the proportion of females aged 15–24 who had attended family planning clinics (objective STD-1.1), females aged 16–24 who were enrolled in a National Job Training Program (objective STD-1.2), and males aged 16–24 who were enrolled in a National Job Training Program (objective STD-1.3) in the past 12 months and had tested positive for Chlamydia trachomatis infections.

The proportion of females aged 15–24 who had attended family planning clinics (objective STD-1.1) in the past 12 months and tested positive for Chlamydia trachomatis infections increased 12.2% between 2008 and 2011, from 7.4% to 8.3%; whereas the proportion of females aged 16–24 who were enrolled in a National Job Training Program in the past 12 months and had tested positive for Chlamydia trachomatis infections decreased 14.1% between 2008 and 2012, from 12.8% to 11.0%. On the other hand, the proportion of males aged 16–24 who were enrolled in a National Job Training Program in the past 12 months and had tested positive for Chlamydia trachomatis infections remained at 7.0% in 2008 and 2012. Data were unavailable to assess the statistical significance of these changes.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Chlamydia screening, sexually active adolescent and young females, 2008–2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS), National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of sexually active females aged 16–20 (objective STD-3.1) and aged 21–24 (objective STD-3.2) enrolled in Medicaid plans, and sexually active females aged 16–20 (objective STD-4.1) and aged 21–24 (objective STD-4.2) enrolled in commercial plans who were screened for genital Chlamydia infections.

The proportion of sexually active females aged 16–20 enrolled in Medicaid plans (objective STD-3.1) who were screened for genital Chlamydia infections increased 1.5% between 2008 and 2012, from 52.7% to 53.5%; whereas the proportion of sexually active females aged 21–24 enrolled in Medicaid plans (objective STD-3.2) who were screened for genital Chlamydia infections increased 7.1% between 2008 and 2012, from 59.4% to 63.6%. Similarly, the proportion of sexually active females aged 16–20 enrolled in commercial plans (objective STD-4.1) who were screened for genital Chlamydia infections increased 2.5% between 2008 and 2012, from 40.1% to 41.1%; whereas the proportion of sexually active females aged 21–24 enrolled in commercial plans (objective STD-4.2) who were screened for genital Chlamydia infections increased 13.1% between 2008 and 2012, from 43.5% to 49.2%. Data were unavailable to assess the statistical significance of these changes.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Gonorrhea, females, 2008–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: STD Surveillance System (STDSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for new reported cases of gonorrhea among females aged 15–44 years.

The rate of new reported cases of gonorrhea among females aged 15–44 years decreased 8.3% between 2008 and 2012, from 279.9 to 264.7 per 100,000 population, and varied by age. For example, in 2012, females aged 18–24 years had 626.3 new reported cases of gonorrhea per 100,000 population, more than one and a half times the rate of new reported cases of gonorrhea among females aged 15–17 years, 364.0 per 100,000, and nearly five and a half times the rate of new reported cases among females aged 25–44, 116.4 per 100,000. However, data were unavailable to assess the statistical significance of these differences.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Gonorrhea, males, 2008–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: STD Surveillance System (STDSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for new reported cases of gonorrhea among males aged 15–44 years. 

The rate of new reported cases of gonorrhea among males aged 15–44 years increased 7.2% between 2008 and 2012, from 216.5 to 232.1 per 100,000 population, and varied by age. For example, in 2012, males aged 18–24 years had 439.8 new reported cases of gonorrhea per 100,000 population, more than two and a half times the rate of new reported cases of gonorrhea among males aged 25–44, 167.0 per 100,000, and more than three times the rate of new reported cases among males aged 15–17 years, 138.0 per 100,000. However, data were unavailable to assess the statistical significance of these differences.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014