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Nutrition and Weight Status

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Obesity, adults, 1988–94 to 2011–12

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 20 and over who were obese and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Obesity is defined as body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal 30.0. 

From 1988–94 to 2003–04, the obesity rate increased among males aged 20 years and over, from 20.2% to 31.1% (age adjusted), and among females aged 20 years and over, from 25.4% to 33.2% (age adjusted). However, from 2003–04 to 2011–12, there were no further statistically significant changes in obesity rates for either males or females aged 20 years and over.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Obesity, children and adolescents, 1988–94 to 2011–12

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for children and adolescents aged 2–19 years who were considered obese. Children and adolescents are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI) is greater than or equal to the gender- and age-specific 95th percentile from the 2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States.

From 1988–94 to 2003–04, the obesity rate increased among males aged 2 to 19 years, from 10.2% to 18.2%, and among females aged 2 to 19 years, from 9.8% to 16.0%. However, from 2003–04 to 2011–12, there were no further statistically significant changes in obesity rates for either males or females aged 2 to 19 years.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Food insecurity, households, 1995–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Current Population Survey—Food Security Supplement (CPS-FSS), Department of Commerce/Census Bureau.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of U.S. households that reported experiencing food insecurity during a 12-month period (i.e., food insufficiency and hunger, at adult and child levels, resulting from inadequate household resources).

The proportion of U.S. households that reported experiencing food insecurity during a 12-month period increased 21.8% between 1995 and 2012, from 11.9% to 14.5%. 

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Total vegetable consumption, 2007–10

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for mean daily intake of total vegetables (in cup equivalents per 1,000 calories) by persons aged 2 years and over based on a single 24-hour dietary recall. Cup equivalents were calculated using the Food Patterns Equivalents Database (FPED), USDA/ARS. Except for age specific groups, data are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories `white, non-Hispanic’ and `black, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 

PT = Poverty Threshold. 

confidence interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2007–10, persons aged 2 years and over had a mean daily intake of total vegetables of 0.76 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories (age adjusted). Daily vegetable consumption varied by sex, race and ethnicity, family income, and age. For example:

  • Females aged 2 years and over had a mean daily intake of total vegetables of 0.82 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories (age adjusted), compared with 0.70 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories for males aged 2 years and over.

  • The non-Hispanic white and the Hispanic or Latino populations aged 2 years and over had a mean daily intake of total vegetables of 0.76 and 0.78 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories (age adjusted), respectively, compared with 0.66 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories for the non-Hispanic black population aged 2 years and over.

  • Persons aged 2 years and over whose family incomes were at or above 500% of the Poverty Threshold (PT) had a mean daily intake of total vegetables of 0.80 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories (age adjusted), compared with 0.74 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories among those whose family incomes were below the PT.

  • Persons aged 51 years and over had a mean daily intake of total vegetables of 0.97 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories, twice the daily vegetable consumption for persons aged 2–18 years, 0.52 cup equivalents per 1,000 calories.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Sodium consumption, 2009–10

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for mean total daily sodium intake (in mg) by persons aged 2 years and over based on a single 24-hour dietary recall. Except for age specific groups, data are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories `white, non-Hispanic’ and `black, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data by education are for persons aged 25 and over.  

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

In 2009–10, persons aged 2 years and over had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,655 mg (age adjusted). Sodium intake varied by sex, race and ethnicity, education, and age. For example:

  • Males aged 2 years and over had a mean total daily sodium intake of 4,217 mg (age adjusted), almost one and a half times the mean total daily sodium intake among females aged 2 years and over, 3,123 mg.

  • The Hispanic or Latino population aged 2 years and over had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,418 mg (age adjusted), compared with 3,710 mg among the non-Hispanic white population aged 2 years and over.

  • Persons aged 25 and over with less than a high school education had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,573 mg (age adjusted), compared with 3,855 mg among those with a college degree or above.

  • Persons aged 2–18 years had a mean total daily sodium intake of 3,208 mg, compared with 3,511 mg among those aged 51 years and over, and 3,989 mg among those aged 19–50 years.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014