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Mental Health and Mental Disorders

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Suicide, 2000–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for ICD-10 codes *U03, X60–X84, and Y87.0 reported as underlying cause of death, and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2003 only one race category could be recorded; recording more than one race was not an option. Beginning in 2003, multiple-race data were reported by some states; multiple-race data were bridged to the single-race categories for comparability. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 

The suicide rate increased 18.3% between 2000 and 2011, from 10.4 to 12.3 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) and varied by sex and race and ethnicity. For example, in 2011: 

  • Males had 20.0 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), nearly four times the suicide rate for females, 5.2 per 100,000.

  • The non-Hispanic black population had 5.5 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), compared with 10.6 per 100,000 for the American Indian or Alaska Native, nearly twice the rate for the non-Hispanic black population, and 15.5 per 100,000 for the non-Hispanic white population, nearly three times the rate for the non-Hispanic black population.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Serious suicide attempts, adolescents, 2013

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTES: Data are for students in grades 9–12 who reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Confidence Interval = 95% confidence interval.
 

In 2013, 2.7 per 100 students in grades 9–12 reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention in the past 12 months. This rate varied by sex and race and ethnicity.

  • 3.6 per 100 female students in grades 9–12 reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention in the past 12 months, twice the rate for male students in grades 9–12, 1.8 per 100.

  • 2.0 per 100 non-Hispanic white students in grades 9–12 reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention in the past 12 months, compared with:

  • 4.1 per 100 Hispanic or Latino students in grades 9–12; approximately twice the rate for non-Hispanic white students.

  • 4.3 per 100 Asian students in grades 9–12; more than twice the rate for non-Hispanic white students.

  • 4.7 per 100 students in grades 9–12 who identified with two or more races; almost two and a half times the rate for non-Hispanic white students.

  • 6.0 per 100 American Indian or Alaska Native students in grades 9–12; three times the rate for non-Hispanic white students.

 
Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Major depressive episode (MDE), adolescents, 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who had experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

In 2012, 9.1% of adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. This rate varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and age.

  • 13.7% of female adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, approximately three times the rate for male adolescents, 4.7%.

  • 4.7% of Asian adolescents aged 12–17 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, compared with:

    • 7.9% of non-Hispanic black adolescents aged 12–17 years; more than one and a half times the rate for Asian adolescents.

    • 8.2% of American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents aged 12–17 years; more than one and a half times the rate for Asian adolescents.

    • 9.1% of non-Hispanic white adolescents aged 12–17 years; almost twice the rate for Asian adolescents.

    • 10.5% of Hispanic or Latino adolescents aged 12–17 years; more than twice the rate for Asian adolescents.

    • 11.7% of adolescents aged 12–17 years who identified with two or more races; approximately two and a half times the rate for Asian adolescents.

  • 5.4% of adolescents aged 12–13 years experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, compared with: 10.2% of adolescents aged 14–15, almost twice the rate for those aged 12–13; and 11.4% of adolescents aged 16–17, more than twice the rate for those aged 12–13.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Major depressive episode (MDE), adults, 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who had experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The single-race categories include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data by education are for persons aged 25 and over.

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

In 2012, the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who experienced a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months was 6.9% and varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and education:

  • 8.4% of female adults experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, more than one and a half times the rate for male adults, 5.2%.

  • 9.0% of adults who identified with two or more races experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, more than two and a half times the rate for Asian adults, 3.3%.

  • 7.2% of adults aged 25 and over with some college education experienced an MDE in the past 12 months, almost one and a half times the rate for those with an advanced degree, 5.4%.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Treatment for major depressive episode (MDE), adults with MDE, 2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over with a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months who received treatment for MDE. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories ‘black, non-Hispanic’ and ‘white, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

confidence interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2012, the proportion of adults aged 18 and over with a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months who received treatment for MDE was 68.0% and varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and health insurance status:

  • 72.4% of female adults with an MDE in the past 12 months received treatment for MDE, compared with 60.3% of male adults with an MDE in the past 12 months.

  • 72.0% of non-Hispanic white adults with an MDE in the past 12 months received treatment for MDE, almost one and a half times the rate for Hispanic or Latino adults with an MDE in the past 12 months, 55.6%.

  • 71.8% of adults with an MDE in the past 12 months who had health insurance received treatment for MDE, nearly one and a half times the rate for those without health insurance, 50.3%.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Treatment for serious mental illness (SMI), adults with SMI, 2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over with a serious mental illness (SMI) who received treatment. SMI is defined as mental illness that resulted in serious functional impairment, which substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories ‘black, non-Hispanic’ and ‘white, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

confidence interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2012, the proportion of adults aged 18 and over with a serious mental illness (SMI) who received treatment was 62.9% and varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and health insurance status:

  • 66.0% of female adults with an SMI received treatment, compared with 57.8% of male adults with an SMI.

  • 67.4% of non-Hispanic white adults with an SMI received treatment, approximately one and a half times the rate for Hispanic or Latino adults with an SMI, 45.7%.

  • 70.8% of adults with an SMI who had health insurance received treatment, more than one and a half times the rate for those without health insurance, 43.2%.

Healthy People 2020 does not track the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who have an SMI. However, data from the NSDUH show that, in 2012, 4.1% of adults aged 18 and over experienced an SMI. This rate varied by sex, race and ethnicity, and age. For example, in 2012:

  • 4.9% of female adults experienced an SMI, approximately one and a half times the rate among male adults, 3.2%.

  • 8.5% of American Indian or Alaska Native adults experienced an SMI, compared with 4.4% of Hispanic or Latino adults, 4.2% of non-Hispanic white adults, 4.2% of adults of two or more races, 3.4% of non-Hispanic black adults, 2.0% of Asian adults, and 1.8% of Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander adults.

  • 5.2% of adults aged 26–49 experienced an SMI, compared with 4.1% of adults aged 18–25 and 3.0% of adults aged 50 and over.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014