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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

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Infant deaths, 2000–2010

Decrease Desired

NOTE: Data include deaths to infants under age 1 year.

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality and Natality (NVSS-M, NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.

The infant mortality rate decreased 11.6% over the past decade, from 6.9 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2000 to 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2010.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Infant deaths, 2000–2010

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality and Natality (NVSS-M, NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data include deaths to infants under age 1 year. Prior to 2003 only one race category could be recorded; recording more than one race was not an option. Beginning in 2003, multiple-race data were reported by some states; multiple-race data were bridged to the single-race categories for comparability. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 

The infant mortality rate decreased 11.6% between 2000 and 2010, from 6.9 to 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live births, and varied by mothers’ race and ethnicity. For example, in 2010, Asian or Pacific Islander mothers experienced 4.3 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, compared with: 11.5 per 1,000 for non-Hispanic black mothers, more than two and a half times the rate for Asian or Pacific Islander mothers; and 8.3 per 1,000 for American Indian or Alaska Native mothers, almost twice the rate for Asian or Pacific Islander mothers.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Preterm births, 2002–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of live births with less than 37 completed weeks of gestation.

Overall, the preterm birth rate (i.e., with less than 37 completed weeks of gestation) decreased 5.0% between 2002 and 2012, from 12.1% to 11.5% of live births. However, the change in the preterm birth rate fluctuated during the last decade: between 2002 and 2006, the rate increased 5.8%, from 12.1% to 12.8%; and between 2006 and 2012, the rate decreased 10.2%, from 12.8% to 11.5%. 

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Preterm births, 2002–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of live births with less than 37 completed weeks of gestation.

The preterm birth rate varied by sex. For example, in 2012, 11.1% of female live births were delivered preterm, compared with 12.0% of male live births.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014