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Injury and Violence Prevention

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Initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries, 2007–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries (ICD-9-CM codes 800.0-801.9, 803.0–804.9, 850.0–854.1, 950.1–950.3, 995.55, 959.01 in any of the three diagnostic fields) among the injury emergency department subset (first listed ICD-9-CM 800–909.2, 909.4, 909.9–994.9, 995.50–995.59, 995.80–995.85, E800–E869, E880–E929, E950–E999) that were not admitted to the hospital or transferred to another facility. Data are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

The rate of initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries increased 89.2% between 2007 and 2011, from 407.2 to 770.3 per 100,000 population (age adjusted).

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries, 2007–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries (ICD-9-CM codes 800.0-801.9, 803.0–804.9, 850.0–854.1, 950.1–950.3, 995.55, 959.01 in any of the three diagnostic fields) among the injury emergency department subset (first listed ICD-9-CM 800–909.2, 909.4, 909.9–994.9, 995.50–995.59, 995.80–995.85, E800–E869, E880–E929, E950–E999) that were not admitted to the hospital or transferred to another facility.

The rate of initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries varied by age. For example, in 2011, persons aged 45–64 years had 413.9 initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 522.4 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–44 years; not significantly different than the rate for those aged 45–64.

  • 618.5 per 100,000 for persons aged 5–11 years; not significantly different than the rate for those aged 45–64.

  • 850.9 per 100,000 for persons aged 65 years and over; more than twice the rate for those aged 45–64.

  • 906.9 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24 years; more than twice the rate for those aged 45–64.

  • 1,458.1 per 100,000 for persons aged 12–17 years; about three and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.

  • 1,957.9 per 100,000 for persons aged 0–4 years; more than four and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Poisoning deaths, 1999–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for ICD-10 codes X40–X49, X60–X69, X85–X90, Y10–Y19, Y35.2, and *U01(.6, .7) reported as underlying cause of death.

The poisoning death rate increased overall between 1999 and 2011, and varied by age. For example, in 2011, persons under age 18 years had 0.6 poisoning deaths per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 11.9 per 100,000 for persons aged 55 years and over; nearly 20 times the rate for those under 18.

  • 12.2 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24 years; almost 20 and a half times the rate for those under 18.

  • 21.7 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–34 years; more than 36 times the rate for those under 18.

  • 27.3 per 100,000 for persons aged 35–54 years; 45 and a half times the rate for those under 18.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Motor vehicle traffic deaths, 1999–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for ICD-10 codes V02–V04 (.1, .9), V09.2, V12–V14 (.3–.9), V19(.4–.6), V20–V28 (.3–.9), V29–V79 (.4–.9), V80 (.3–.5),V81.1, V82.1, V83–V86 (.0–.3), V87 (.0–.8), and V89.2 reported as underlying cause of death.

The motor vehicle traffic related death rate decreased overall between 1999 and 2011, and varied by age. For example, in 2011, persons under age 18 years had 3.2 motor vehicle traffic related deaths per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 11.4 per 100,000 for persons aged 45–64 years; more than three and a half times the rate for those under 18.

  • 12.1 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–44 years; nearly four times the rate for those under 18.

  • 15.0 per 100,000 for persons aged 65 years and over; more than four and a half times the rate for those under 18.

  • 18.6 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24 years; nearly six times the rate for those under 18.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Bullying, adolescents, 2013

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCCDPHP.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of students in grades 9–12 who reported being bullied on school property in the past 12 months. 

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

In 2013, 19.6% of adolescents in grades 9–12 reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months. This rate varied by sex and grade: 

  • 15.6% of male adolescents in grades 9–12 reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months, compared with 23.7% of female adolescents, about one and a half times the rate for males.

  • 13.3% of 12th graders reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months, compared with: 22.2% of 10th graders, more than one and a half times the rate for 12th graders; and 25.0% of 9th graders, nearly twice the rate for 12th graders.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014