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Immunization and Infectious Diseases

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Vaccination of children 19–35 months—At least 1 dose measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, 2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Immunization Survey (NIS), CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of children aged 19–35 months who had received at least 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.

In 2012, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination rates for all states were above 84.6%. Thirty-six states had a vaccination coverage of 90% and above.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Vaccination of children 19–35 months—At least 4 doses pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), 2011

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Immunization Survey (NIS), CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of children aged 19–35 months who had received at least 4 doses of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV).

 

In 2011, pneumococcal conjugate vaccination (PCV) rates varied among the states. Only Connecticut, Nebraska, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin had over 90% vaccination coverage.

Revised: Thursday, March 28, 2013

HPV vaccine, adolescents, 2008–2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Immunization Survey - Teen (NIS-Teen), CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS.
 
NOTE: Data are for proportion of females aged 13-15 years receiving at least 3 doses of the quadrivalent or bivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (objective IID-11.4) and the proportion of males aged 13-15 years receiving at least 3 doses of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine (objective IID-11.5).

The proportion of females aged 13-15 years who received at least 3 doses of the quadrivalent or bivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine increased 69.3% between 2008 and 2012, from 16.6% to 28.1%. The U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) began recommending the HPV vaccine among males in 2011. In 2012, 6.9% of males aged 13-15 years received at least 3 doses of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Seasonal influenza vaccine, 2010–11 and 2011–12

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.
 
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of children aged 6 months through 17 years (objective IID-12.11), adults aged 18 years and over (objective IID-12.12), and healthcare personnel aged 18 years and over (objective IID-12.13) reported to be vaccinated with at least one dose of influenza vaccine within the past influenza season.
confidence interval = 95% confidence interval. 

Seasonal influenza vaccination coverage among children aged 6 months through 17 years and adults aged 18 years and over has increased from the 2010-11 to the 2011-12 influenza seasons, from 46.9% to 47.1% and from 38.1% to 39.2%, respectively, although these changes were not statistically significant. On the other hand, vaccination coverage among healthcare personnel aged 18 years and over increased 10.2%, from 55.8% to 61.5%.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Tuberculosis (TB), 2005–2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Tuberculosis (TB) Surveillance System, CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTES: Data are the number of new cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 that were reported to the CDC by local health departments in the 50 States and the District of Columbia. 

Despite the overall decline in new TB cases, the rate of new TB cases remained higher among persons born outside the United States (U.S.) than among persons born in the U.S. In 2012, TB incidence among persons born outside the U.S. was over 10 times the TB incidence among those born in the U.S.; 15.9 versus 1.4 new TB cases per 100,000 population.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014