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HIV

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New HIV infections, adolescents and adults, 2006–2010

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for the number of new HIV infections among persons aged 13 years and over.

New HIV infections among persons aged 13 years and over decreased 2.3% between 2006 and 2010, from 48,600 to 47,500, although this change was not statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

HIV transmission, adolescents and adults, 2006–2010

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for the rate of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults that were transmitted per 100 persons living with HIV.

New HIV infections among adolescents and adults that were transmitted decreased 8.7% between 2006 and 2010, from 4.6 to 4.2 per 100 persons living with HIV, although data were unavailable in Healthy People 2020 to assess the statistical significance of this change.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Diagnosis of Stage-3 HIV infection (AIDS) within 3 months after HIV diagnosis, 2010 and 2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of persons with a diagnosis of Stage-3 HIV (AIDS) within 3 months of diagnosis of HIV infection.

The proportion of persons with a diagnosis of Stage-3 HIV infection (AIDS) within 3 months after HIV diagnosis decreased 2.0% between 2010 and 2011, from 25.4% to 24.9%. Late stage HIV diagnosis remained fairly stable among most transmission risk groups between 2010 and 2011, but there was a 4.2% increase in late diagnosis among female injection drug users, from 30.9% to 32.2%, and a 1.8% increase in late diagnosis among heterosexual men, from 33.7% to 34.3%. Data were unavailable in Healthy People 2020 to assess the statistical significance of these changes.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

HIV infection deaths, 2008–10

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for ICD-10 codes B20–B24 reported as underlying cause of death. Rates are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population and are displayed by a modified Jenks classification for U.S. states.

HIV infection death rates varied by state. Among those states with reliable data for the period 2008–10, Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas had the highest HIV infection death rates and did not yet meet the 2020 target. The HIV infection death rate for the District of Columbia, 24.1 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2008–10, remains higher than the rate for any state.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Awareness of HIV infection status, persons with HIV, 2006–2010

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of persons aged 13 years and over living with HIV who were aware of their HIV infection.

The proportion of persons aged 13 years and over living with HIV who were aware of their HIV infection increased 4.1% between 2006 and 2010, from 80.9% to 84.2%. Persons aged 13–24 years living with HIV remain least likely to have had their infection diagnosed. In 2010, 41.7% of persons aged 13–24 years living with HIV were aware of their HIV infection, compared with 74.1% of persons aged 25–34 years, 85.7% of persons aged 35–44 years, and 90.9% of persons aged 45–54 years.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014