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Healthcare-Associated Infections

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Central line-associated bloodstream infections, 2006–08 to 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), CDC/NCEZID.

NOTES: Data are for units that reported central line-associated bloodstream infections, as measured by a standardized infection ratio (SIR). The number of reporting units varied by year depending on state mandates or federal policy. A three-year baseline was chosen as there were few facilities reporting in 2006. 

 

The rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections, as measured by the standardized infection ratio (SIR), declined 44.0% from 2006–08 to 2012, from a 1.00 SIR to a 0.56 SIR.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Invasive healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, 2007–08 to 2012

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCS), CDC/NCIRD.

NOTES: Data are for invasive healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections that were reported per 100,000 persons and are adjusted for age, race, sex, and receipt of chronic dialysis.

The rate of invasive healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections declined 30.8% from 2007–08 to 2012, from 27.08 to 18.74 per 100,000 (adjusted for age, race, sex, and receipt of chronic dialysis).

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014