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Family Planning

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Intended pregnancies, 2002 and 2006

Increase Desired

SOURCE: Finer L, Zohna M (2011). “Unintended Pregnancy in the United States: Incidence and Disparities, 2006.” Contraception 84: 478–485.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 that were intended. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories ‘white, non-Hispanic’ and ‘black, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
FPL = Federal Poverty Level.

The proportion of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 that were intended decreased 1.9% between 2002 and 2006, from 52% to 51%; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change. The proportion of pregnancies that were intended varied by race and ethnicity as well as by family income; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of differences in proportions. For example, in 2006:

  • 60% of pregnancies among non-Hispanic white females aged 15–44 had been intended, compared with 47% among Hispanic or Latino and 33% among non-Hispanic black females aged 15–44.

  • 66% of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 whose family incomes were at or above 200% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) had been intended, compared with 43% among those at 100–199% of the FPL and 38% among those below the FPL.

Revised: Thursday, March 28, 2013

Intended pregnancies, 2002 and 2006

Increase Desired

SOURCE: Finer L, Zohna M (2011). “Unintended Pregnancy in the United States: Incidence and Disparities, 2006.” Contraception 84: 478–485.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 that were intended. Data by education are for females aged 20–44. Formerly married is defined as divorced, widowed, or separated.
 

The proportion of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 that were intended decreased 1.9% between 2002 and 2006, from 52% to 51%; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change. The proportion of pregnancies that were intended varied by education as well as by marital status; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of differences in proportions. For example, in 2006:

  • 74% of pregnancies among females aged 20–44 who were college graduates had been intended, compared with 52% among those who were high school graduates and 48% among those with less than a high school education or those with some college education or an Associate degree.

  • 72% of pregnancies among females aged 15–44 who were currently married had been intended, compared with 39% among those who were cohabiting, 32% among those who were formerly married (i.e., divorced, widowed, or separated) and were not cohabiting, and 19% among those who were never married and were not cohabiting.

Revised: Thursday, March 28, 2013

Receipt of reproductive health services in past 12 months, females, 2006–10

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of sexually active females aged 15–44 who received reproductive health services in the past 12 months. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. The categories ‘white, non-Hispanic’ and ‘black, non-Hispanic’ include persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
FPL = Federal Poverty Level.
Confidence Interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2006–10, 78.6% of sexually active females aged 15–44 received reproductive health services in the past 12 months. This rate varied by race and ethnicity as well as by family income:

  • 83.8% of sexually active non-Hispanic black females aged 15–44 received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared with 79.8% of sexually active non-Hispanic white and 72.1% of sexually active Hispanic or Latino females aged 15–44.

  • 89.4% of sexually active females aged 15–44 whose family incomes were at 400%–499% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared with 78.0% of those at 200%–399% of the FPL, and 76.3% of those below the FPL.

Revised: Thursday, March 28, 2013

Receipt of reproductive health services in past 12 months, females, 2006–10

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of sexually active females aged 15–44 who received reproductive health services in the past 12 months. Data by education are for females aged 20–44.
Confidence Interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2006–10, 78.6% of sexually active females aged 15–44 received reproductive health services in the past 12 months. This rate varied by education as well as by health insurance status:

  • 85.2% of sexually active females aged 20–44 with an advanced degree received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared with 72.0% of those with a high school education and 66.5% of those with less than a high school education.

  • 82.3% of sexually active females aged 15–44 with health insurance received reproductive health services in the past 12 months, compared with 64.6% of those without health insurance.

Revised: Thursday, March 28, 2013

Pregnancies, adolescent females, 2005, 2008, and 2009

Decrease Desired

SOURCES: Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey (APS), Guttmacher Institute; National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS; National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS; Surveillance Data for Abortion, CDC/NCCDPHP.

NOTE: Data are for the number of pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15–17 years.

The rate of pregnancies among adolescent females aged 15–17 years decreased 9.5% between 2005 and 2009, from 40.2 to 36.4 per 1,000; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Never had sexual intercourse, adolescent females aged 15–17, 2006–10

Increase Desired

*Data are statistically unreliable.

SOURCE: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of female adolescents aged 15–17 years who reported they had never had sexual intercourse. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the categories ‘black, non-Hispanic’ and ‘white, non-Hispanic’ are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

PT = Poverty Threshold. 

confidence interval = 95% confidence interval.

In 2006–10, 72.9% of adolescent females aged 15–17 years reported they had never had sexual intercourse. This proportion varied by race and ethnicity, family income, and geographic location: 

  • 74.4% of non-Hispanic white adolescent females aged 15–17 years reported they had never had sexual intercourse, compared with 70.3% of non-Hispanic black and 68.9% of Hispanic or Latina adolescent females aged 15–17, although these differences were not statistically significant.

  • 81.6% of adolescent females aged 15–17 years whose family incomes were at 400–499% of the Poverty Threshold (PT) reported they had never had sexual intercourse, compared with 70.5% of those at 100–199% of the PT, although this difference was not statistically significant.

  • 74.9% of adolescent females aged 15–17 years living in a metropolitan area reported they had never had sexual intercourse, compared with 63.9% of those living in a non-metropolitan area. 

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014