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Early and Middle Childhood

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EMC-2 Increase the proportion of parents who use positive parenting and communicate with their doctors or other health care professionals about positive parenting
Potential Data Sources:
National Survey of Adoptive Parents (NSAP), ASPE; National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS
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Baseline: 69.8 percent of children aged 6 to 17 years had parents who reported that their child can share ideas or talk about things that matter “very well” in 2007
Target: 76.8 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS
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Baseline: 47.8 percent of children aged 0 to 5 years had parents who reported that someone in their family read to the child every day in the past week in 2007
Target: 52.6 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS
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Baseline: 48.0 percent of children aged 0 to 5 years who visited or used a health service in the past 12 months had parents who reported that their child’s doctor asked about their concerns about their child’s learning, development, or behavior in 2007
Target: 52.8 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS
Data:
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Potential Data Sources:
National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS
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EMC-4 Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that require school health education
EMC-4.1 Increase the proportion of schools that require newly hired staff who teach required health education to have undergraduate or graduate training in health education
Baseline: 35.2 percent of elementary schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health education to have undergraduate or graduate training in health education in 2006
Target: 38.7 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 56.9 percent of middle schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health education to have undergraduate or graduate training in health education in 2006
Target: 62.6 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 76.8 percent of high schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health education to have undergraduate or graduate training in health education in 2006
Target: 84.5 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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EMC-4.2 Increase the proportion of schools that require newly hired staff who teach required health instruction to be certified, licensed, or endorsed by the State in health education
Baseline: 32.5 percent of elementary schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health instruction to be certified, licensed, or endorsed by the State in health education in 2006
Target: 35.8 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 50.7 percent of middle schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health instruction to be certified, licensed, or endorsed by the State in health education in 2006
Target: 55.8 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 72.8 percent of high schools, including public and private schools, required newly hired staff who taught required health instruction to be certified, licensed, or endorsed by the State in health education in 2006
Target: 80.1 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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EMC-4.3 Increase the proportion of schools that require cumulative instruction in health education that meet the US National Health Education Standards for elementary, middle, and senior high schools
Baseline: 7.5 percent of elementary schools, including public and private schools, required cumulative instruction in health education that met the US National Health Education Standards in 2006
Target: 11.5 percent
Target-Setting Method: 4 percentage point improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 10.3 percent of middle schools, including public and private schools, required cumulative instruction in health education that met the US National Health Education Standards in 2006
Target: 14.3 percent
Target-Setting Method: 4 percentage point improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
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Baseline: 6.5 percent of high schools, including public and private schools, required cumulative instruction in health education that met the US National Health Education Standards in 2006
Target: 10.5 percent
Target-Setting Method: 4 percentage point improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Baseline: 52.5 percent of required health education classes or courses were taught by a teacher who has had professional development related to teaching personal and social skills for behavior change within the past 2 years in 2006
Target: 57.8 percent
Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement
Data Sources:
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Data:
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Related Objectives

The Early and Middle Childhood (EMC) Topic Area Workgroup thoughtfully reviewed each of the Healthy People 2020 objectives to identify those that are relevant to the EMC topic area. Each of these related objectives has a direct relationship to the early and middle childhood lifestage.