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Disability and Health

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Inappropriate medication use, older adults with basic activity limitations, 2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), AHRQ.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of older adults aged 65 and over with basic activity limitations who had at least 1 prescription from 33 medications that were potentially inappropriate. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the categories ‘black, non-Hispanic’ and ‘white, non-Hispanic’ are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Confidence Interval = 95% confidence interval.
 

In 2011, 19.4% of older adults aged 65 and over with basic activity limitations had at least 1 prescription from 33 medications that were potentially inappropriate. This proportion varied by sex and race and ethnicity:

  • 21.1% of female older adults with basic activity limitations had at least 1 prescription from 33 medications that were potentially inappropriate, compared with 16.6% of male older adults with basic activity limitations, although this difference was not statistically significant.

  • 20.4% of non-Hispanic white older adults with basic activity limitations had at least 1 prescription from 33 medications that were potentially inappropriate, compared with 18.9% of non-Hispanic black and 13.3% of Hispanic or Latino older adults with basic activity limitations, although these differences were not statistically significant.

 
Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Visitable features, newly constructed homes and residential buildings, 2007, 2009, and 2011

Increase Desired

SOURCE: American Housing Survey (AHS), HUD and Census.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of newly constructed and retrofitted U.S. homes and residential buildings that had visitable features. 

In 2011, 42.4% of newly constructed and retrofitted U.S. homes and residential buildings had visitable features, compared with 42.1% in 2007; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Living in congregate care facilities, adults with disabilities, 2008–2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Survey of State Developmental Disabilities Directors, University of Minnesota.

NOTE: Data are for the number of adults with disabilities (aged 22 years and over) who were living in congregate care facilities with 16 beds or more, excluding nursing homes.

The number of adults aged 22 and over with disabilities living in congregate care facilities decreased 2.5% between 2008 and 2011, from 57,462 to 56,008; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Participation in regular education programs, children and youth with disabilities, 2007–08 to 2012–13

Increase Desired

SOURCE: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, ED/OSERS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of children and youth aged 6–21 years with disabilities in classroom settings who spent at least 80 percent of their time in regular education programs.

The proportion of children and youth aged 6–21 years with disabilities in classroom settings who spent at least 80 percent of their time in regular education programs increased 8.3% from 2007–08 to 2012–13, from 56.8% to 61.5%; however, data were unavailable to assess statistical significance of this change.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014