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Adolescent Health

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Wellness checkup in past 12 months, adolescents, 2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 10-17 years whose parents reported that they received a wellness checkup during the past 12 months (when not sick or injured).

PT = Poverty Threshold

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval. 

In 2012, 73.8% of adolescents aged 10–17 years received a wellness checkup during the past 12 months. This rate varied by health insurance status and family income. For example:

  • 77.0% of adolescents aged 10–17 years with private health insurance received a wellness checkup in the past 12 months, which was more than one and a half times those without health insurance, 46.1%.

  • 85.7% of adolescents aged 10–17 years whose family incomes were at or above 600% of the Poverty Threshold (PT) received a wellness checkup in the past 12 months, compared with 72.7% of those below the PT.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Adolescents having an adult with whom they can discuss serious problems, 2011

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adolescents aged 12–17 years who have a parent, guardian, or some other adult to whom they can turn to talk about a serious problem. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

PT = Poverty Threshold. 

Confidence Interval  = 95% confidence interval.

In 2011, 77.6% of adolescents aged 12–17 years reported having a parent, guardian, or some other adult to whom they could turn to discuss a serious problem. This rate varied by race and ethnicity, family income, and age. For example:

  • 78.9% of non-Hispanic white adolescents aged 12–17 years reported having an adult with whom they could discuss a serious problem, compared with 72.3% of adolescents who identified with two or more races.

  • 80.2% of adolescents whose family incomes were at 400–599% of the Poverty Threshold (PT) reported having an adult with whom they could discuss a serious problem, compared with 75.7% of adolescents whose family incomes were below the PT.

  • 84.0% of adolescents aged 12–13 years reported having an adult with whom they could discuss a serious problem, compared with 73.1% of adolescents aged 16–17 years.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Eighth grade reading proficiency, adolescents, 2011

Increase Desired

†Students are eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP; free or reduced-priced lunch) if their family income is at or below 185 percent of the Poverty Threshold (PT).

SOURCE: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), Department of Education/NCES.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of eighth graders attending public or private schools who scored at the proficiency level or higher for their grade level in the reading skills test administered by the NAEP. 

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

 

 

In 2011, 33.5% of 8th graders scored at the proficiency level or higher for their grade level in the reading skills test administered by the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP). Reading proficiency rates among 8th graders varied by their family incomes, parents’ education, and whether they were attending public, charter, or private school. 

  • Students whose family incomes were above 185% of the Poverty Threshold (PT) were not eligible for a free or reduced-priced lunch under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). 44.6% of NSLP-ineligible 8th graders (i.e., those whose family incomes were above 185% of the PT) scored at the reading proficiency level or higher for their grade, which was approximately two and a half times the reading proficiency rate for NSLP-eligible 8th graders (i.e., those whose family incomes were at or below 185% of the PT).

  • Reading proficiency rates among 8th graders decreased as their parents’ educational attainment decreased. The reading proficiency rate for 8th graders whose parents had a four-year college degree was 45.2%, almost three and a half times the rate for those 8th graders whose parents had less than a high school degree, 13.4%.

  • 53.7% of 8th graders who were attending private school scored at the reading proficiency level or higher for their grade, which was more than one a half times the reading proficiency rate for those who were attending public school, 31.6%. 

  • 31.8% of 8th graders who were attending a non-charter public school scored at the reading proficiency level or higher for their grade, compared with 27.0% of those who were attending a charter public school.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Schools with a serious violent incident, 2009–10

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: A serious violent incident is defined as a report of any of the following offenses: rape or attempted rape; sexual battery other than rape (including threatened rape); robbery either with or without a weapon; physical attack or fight with a weapon; threat of a physical attack with a weapon. Percent minority enrollment is the percent combined enrollment of Black, Hispanic or Latino, Asian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaska Native students.

Confidence Interval  = 95% confidence interval.

In 2009–10, 16.4% of schools reported a serious violent incident. The likelihood of a violent incident varied by school size and percent minority enrollment. For example:

  • The likelihood of a violent incident decreased as school size decreased: 32.8% of schools with 1,000 students or more reported a serious violent incidence, which was more than three times the likelihood of a violent incident for schools with less than 300 students, 10.4%.

  • Schools with a 50% or more minority enrollment had a 21.1% likelihood of a serious violent incident, which was over twice the likelihood of a violent incident for schools with a 20% to less than 50% minority enrollment, 9.9%.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014