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Health (medical) insurance, 2001–2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of persons under age 65 with health (medical) insurance. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

The proportion of persons under age 65 who had health (medical) insurance decreased 0.6% between 2001 and 2012, from 83.6% to 83.1%, although this change was not statistically significant. Insurance coverage varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2012, 87.3% of the non-Hispanic white population under age 65 had health (medical) insurance, compared with 69.6% of the Hispanic or Latino population.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Usual primary care provider, 2000–2011

Increase Desired

SOURCE: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), AHRQ.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of persons with a usual primary care provider. Persons were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for the Asian population, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander population, and persons identifying with two or more races are not available before 2002.

The proportion of persons who had a usual primary care provider decreased 1.2% between 2000 and 2011, from 78.2% to 77.3%, although this change was not statistically significant. Rates varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2011, 83.9% of the population of persons identifying with two or more races had a usual primary care provider, compared with 68.7% of the Hispanic or Latino population.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Specific source of ongoing care, 2001–2012

Increase Desired

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.

NOTE: Data are for the proportion of persons with a specific source of ongoing care. 

The proportion of persons who had a specific source of ongoing care decreased 2.5% between 2001 and 2012, from 88.0% to 85.8%, and varied by sex. For example, in 2012, 89.1% of females had a specific source of ongoing care, compared with 82.5% of males.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

Delay or inability to obtain necessary medical care, 2011

Decrease Desired

SOURCE: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), AHRQ.

NOTES: Data are for the proportion of persons who were unable to obtain or delay in obtaining necessary medical care. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

PT= Poverty Threshold. 

Confidence Interval= 95% confidence interval.

In 2011, 4.5% of the population were unable to obtain or delayed in obtaining necessary medical care. This rate varied by race and ethnicity as well as by family income. For example:

  • 5.2% of the population of persons identifying with two or more races were unable to obtain or delayed in obtaining necessary medical care, over one and a half times the rate for the Asian population, 3.3%.

  • Rates decreased as family incomes increased: 7.0% of persons whose family incomes were below the Poverty Threshold (PT) were unable to obtain or delayed in obtaining necessary medical care, nearly two and a half times the rate for those at or above 600% of the PT, 3.1%.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014