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Mental Health

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Mental Health.
Download the latest Mental Health Data in spreadsheet formtat [XLSL - 29KB].

Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

Over the past decade, the suicide rate increased 16.7%, from 10.8 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2003 to 12.6 in 2013. In 2013, 10.7% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having had a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. Rates of suicide and youth MDEs varied by sex, race/ethnicity, and age. 

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.
Suicides (MHMD-1)
Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

Suicides (MHMD-1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-1 tracks the suicide rate for the total population.
    • HP2020 Baseline: 11.3 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted) occurred in 2007.
    • HP2020 Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
  • The suicide rate for the total population increased by 16.7% between 2003 and 2013, from 10.8 to 12.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2013. For example:
    • Among racial and ethnic groups, the black non-Hispanic population had the lowest suicide rate, 5.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were 11.7 and 15.9 per 100,000 (age adjusted), respectively. The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were more than twice as high and almost 3 times as high as the best group, respectively.
    • Females had a lower suicide rate (5.5 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than males (20.3 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for males was more than 3.5 times the rate for females.

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2013

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2013 
SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System - Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS and Population Estimates, Census.

  • Suicide rates varied by age group. Rates for age groups were:
    • 4.8 per 100,000 for persons aged 12–17 years
    • 12.8 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24 years
    • 15.5 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–44 years
    • 19.0 per 100,000 for persons aged 45–64 years 
    • 16.1 per 100,000 for persons aged 65 years and older
  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower suicide rate (11.9 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (16.7 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for persons in non-metropolitan areas was almost 1.5 times the rate for persons in metropolitan areas.

Notes:

  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise. 
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75+. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.
  • Data are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System–Mortality (NVSS–M), CDC/NCHS, and Population Estimates, Census.

Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-4.1 tracks the proportion of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who experience major depressive episodes (MDEs).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2008, 8.3% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having had a major depressive episode in the past 12 months. 
    • Most Recent: In 2013, 10.7% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having had an MDE in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 7.5 percent, a 10% improvement over the baseline.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2013. For example:
    • American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents reported having the lowest proportion of MDEs in the past 12 months, 7.2%, compared to 11.4% for Hispanic or Latino adolescents, 10.9% for white non-Hispanic adolescents, 10.3% for Asian adolescents, 8.6% for black non-Hispanic adolescents, and 8.0% for Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander adolescents. The rate for Hispanic or Latino adolescents was more than 1.5 times the best group rate; the rate for white non-Hispanic adolescents was 1.5 times the best group rate; and the rate for Asian adolescents was almost 1.5 times the best group rate. The differences between black non-Hispanic and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander adolescents compared to American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents were not statistically significant.  
    • A higher proportion of adolescent females reported having an MDE in the past 12 months, 16.2%, compared to adolescent males, 5.3%. The rate for females was more than 3 times that for males.

Major Depressive Episode among Adolescents by Sex, 2013

Major Depressive Episode among Adolescents by Sex, 2013
SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA

  • Among age groups, adolescents aged 12 to 13 years reported having the lowest proportion of MDEs in the past 12 months, 6.1%, compared to 12.4% among those aged 14 to 15 years and 13.2% among those aged 16 to 17 years. Rates for adolescents aged 14 to 15 years and 16 to 17 years were about twice and more than twice the rate for adolescents aged 12 to 13 years, respectively.

Notes:

  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise. 
  • Data are available annually from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

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