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Injury and Violence

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Injury and Violence.  
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Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going
Between 2003 and 2007, the death rate from all injuries increased by 5.9%, from 56.3 to 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). However, the injury death rate declined by 1.5% between 2007 and 2013, to 58.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The homicide rate did not change between 2003 and 2007 (6.1 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted). However, the homicide rate declined by 15% between 2007 and 2013, to 5.2 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). In 2013, several population groups had lower rates of injury deaths and homicide than their counterparts, including the Asian or Pacific Islander population, women, and persons born outside of the U.S.

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.

Injury Deaths (IVP-1.1) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-1.1 tracks deaths from all injuries regardless of intent (unintentional, intentional, and undetermined).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries. 
    • HP2020 Target: 53.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
    • Between 2003 and 2007, the death rate from all injuries increased by 5.9%, from 56.3 to 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). However, the injury death rate declined by 1.5% between 2007 and 2013, to 58.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest injury death rate, 23.1 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2013. The rates of injury death for the American Indian or Alaska Native, white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic populations were 65.8, 64.6, 60.1, and 38.0 per 100,000 population (age adjusted), respectively. The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and white non-Hispanic populations were almost 3 times as high as the best group rate; the rate for the black non-Hispanic population was more than 2.5 times the best group rate; and the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population was more than 1.5 times the best group rate. 
  • Females had a lower injury death rate than males (35.4 versus 83.6 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2013). The rate for males was almost 2.5 times the rate for females.

Injury Death Rate by Sex, 2013

Injury and Violence Deaths by Sex, 2013

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census

  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower injury death rate than persons living in nonmetropolitan areas (55.5 versus 75.9 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2013). The rate for persons living in nonmetropolitan areas was almost 1.5 times the rate for persons living in metropolitan areas.
  • Persons under age 18 had the lowest injury death rate, 11.4 deaths per 100,000 population in 2013, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 62.4 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 18–44; about 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 70.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 45–64; more than 6 times the best group rate
    • 122.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 65 and older (highest rate); more than 10.5 times the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons ages 5–11 had the lowest injury death rate, 4.3 deaths per 100,000 population in 2013. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 16.4 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 0–4; almost 4 times the best group rate
    • 15.6 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 12–17; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 58.6 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 18–24; more than 13.5 times the best group rate
    • 63.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 25–44; almost 15 times the best group rate
    • 73.4 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 45–54; more than 17 times the best group rate
    • 66.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 55–64; about 15.5 times the best group rate
    • 61.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 65–74; almost 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 127.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 75–84; more than 29.5 times the best group rate
    • 361.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 85 and over (highest rate); more than 84 times the best group rate

Endnotes:

  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report. 
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and older. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and older. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 and older. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates. 

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Homicides (IVP-29) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-29 tracks homicides.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, there were 6.1 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
    • HP2020 Target: 5.5 homicides (age adjusted) per 100,000 population, a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
    • The homicide rate did not change between 2003 and 2007 (6.1 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted). However, the rate declined by 15% between 2007 and 2013, to 5.2 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest rate of deaths from homicide, 1.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2013. The rates for the black non-Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, and white non-Hispanic populations were 18.8, 5.3, 4.5, and 2.5 per 100,000 (age adjusted) in 2013, respectively. The rate for the black non-Hispanic population was more than 12 times the best group rate; the rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was about 3.5 times the best group rate; the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population was almost 3 times the best group rate; and the rate for the white non-Hispanic population was more than 1.5 times the best group rate.
Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2013

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census

Accessible Version

Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2012
Race Rate of Death from Homicide per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.5
White non-Hispanic/Latino 2.5
Hispanic or Latino 4.5
American Indian/Alaska Native 5.3
Black/African American Not Hispanic/Latino 18.8
  • Males had a homicide rate of 8.2 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2013, compared to a rate of 2.1 for females. The homicide rate for males was almost 4 times the rate for females. 
  • Persons living in nonmetropolitan areas had a lower homicide rate than persons living in metropolitan areas (4.5 versus 5.3 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2013). The rate for persons living in metropolitan areas was 19% higher than the rate for persons living in nonmetropolitan areas.
  • Persons under age 18 had the lowest homicide rate, 1.9 deaths per 100,000 population in 2013, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 9.3 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 18–44; almost 5 times the best group rate
    • 3.8 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 45–64; about twice the best group rate
    • 2.0 deaths per deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 65 and older
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 had the lowest homicide rate, 0.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2013. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 3.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 0–4; almost 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 2.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 12–17; almost 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 12.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 18–24 (highest rate); almost 20.5 times the best group rate
    • 8.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 25–44; almost 14 times the best group rate
    • 4.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 45–54; more than 7.5 times the best group rate
    • 3.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 55–64; about 5 times the best group rate
    • 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 65–74; almost 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 75–84; about 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 1.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons ages 85 and older; more than 3 times the best group rate
 
Endnotes:
  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report. 
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and older. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and older. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 and older. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.