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Injury and Violence

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Injury and Violence.  
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Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

Between 2004 and 2014, the death rate from all injuries increased by 5.8%, from 56.8 to 60.1 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). During the same time period, the homicide rate declined by 13.6%, from 5.9 to 5.1 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The 2014 homicide rate was the lowest since the early–mid 1960s. In 2014, several population groups had lower rates of injury deaths and homicide than their counterparts, including the Asian or Pacific Islander population, women, and persons born outside of the U.S.

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.

Injury Deaths (IVP-1.1) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-1.1 tracks deaths from all injuries regardless of intent (unintentional, intentional, and undetermined).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries. 
    • HP2020 Target: 53.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
    • Most Recent: In 2014, 60.1 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries.
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest injury death rate, 23.0 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2014. The rates of injury death for the American Indian or Alaska Native, white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic populations were 68.0, 66.5, 60.7, and 38.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted), respectively. The rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was about 3 times the best group rate; the rate for the white non-Hispanic population was almost 3 times the best group rate; the rate for the black non-Hispanic population was more than 2.5 times the best group rate; and the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population was more than 1.5 times the best group rate.  
  • Females had a lower injury death rate than males (36.3 versus 85.5 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2014). The rate for males was almost 2.5 times the rate for females.

Injury Death Rate by Sex, 2014

Injury Death Rate by Sex Infographic

Data source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.

  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower injury death rate than persons living in nonmetropolitan areas (57.0 versus 76.9 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2014). The rate for persons living in nonmetropolitan areas was almost 1.5 times the rate for persons living in metropolitan areas.
  • Persons aged less than 18 years had the lowest injury death rate, 11.4 deaths per 100,000 population in 2014, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 64.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; more than 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 71.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; almost 6.5 times the best group rate
    • 124.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and over (highest rate); almost 11 times the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest injury death rate, 4.2 deaths per 100,000 population in 2014. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 15.8 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 16.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; almost 4 times the best group rate
    • 58.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years; about 14 times the best group rate
    • 65.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; more than 15.5 times the best group rate
    • 74.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; nearly 18 times the best group rate
    • 68.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; almost 16.5 times the best group rate.
    • 63.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; more than 15 times the best group rate
    • 129.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; more than 30.5 times the best group rate
    • 371.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and over (highest rate); more than 88 times the best group rate
Endnotes:
  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.  
  • Data (except those by country of birth and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and over. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and over. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates. 

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Homicides (IVP-29) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-29 tracks homicides.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, there were 6.1 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
    • HP2020 Target: 5.5 homicides (age adjusted) per 100,000 population, a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
    • Most Recent: In 2014, there were 5.1 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted).
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest rate of deaths from homicide, 1.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2014. The rates for the black non-Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, and white non-Hispanic populations were 18.2, 5.8, 4.5, and 2.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2014, respectively. The rate for the black non-Hispanic population was more than 12 times the best group rate; the rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was more than 3.5 times the best group rate; the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population was almost 3 times the best group rate; and the rate for the white non-Hispanic population was more than 1.5 times the best group rate.
  • Males had a homicide rate of 8.0 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2014, compared to a rate of 2.1 for females. The homicide rate for males was almost 4 times the rate for females.  
  • Persons living in nonmetropolitan areas had a lower homicide rate than persons living in metropolitan areas (4.4 versus 5.2 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2014). The rate for persons living in metropolitan areas was 19% higher than the rate for persons living in nonmetropolitan areas.
  • Persons aged less than 18 years had the lowest homicide rate, 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population in 2014, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 9.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; more than 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 3.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; almost twice the best group rate
    • 2.0 deaths per deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and over
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest homicide death rate, 0.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2014. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 3.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; almost 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 2.6 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; more than 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 11.4 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years (highest rate); more than 20 times the best group rate
    • 8.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; more than 14 times the best group rate
    • 4.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; almost 8 times the best group rate
    • 2.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; about 5 times the best group rate
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 1.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; almost 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 1.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and over; almost 3.5 times the best group rate

Homicides by Age, 2014

Injury and Violence Web Graphic

Data source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.

Endnotes:
  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; and Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010, CDC/NCHS and Census.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.  
  • Data (except those by country of birth and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and over. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and over. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.