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Injury and Violence

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Injury and Violence.Download the latest Injury and Violence data in spreadsheet format [XLSX - 28 KB]

Where We’ve Been and Where We’re GoingOver the past decade, the death rate from all injuries increased by 5%. In 2002, the injury death rate was 56.0 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted), compared to a rate of 58.7 in 2012. The homicide rate did not change between 2002 and 2007 (6.1 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted). However, the rate declined 11% between 2007 and 2012, to 5.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). Several population groups had lower rates of injury deaths and homicide than their counterparts, including the Asian or Pacific Islander population, women, and persons born outside of the United States.

Leading Health Indicators

Leading Health Indicators are critical health issues that—if tackled appropriately—will dramatically reduce the leading causes of death, preventable illness, and disability in the United States. The Leading Health Indicators for Injury and Violence are:

Injury Deaths (IVP-1.1) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-1.1 tracks deaths from all injuries regardless of intent (unintentional, intentional, and undetermined).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, 59.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were caused by injuries. 
    • HP2020 Target: 53.7 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
    • Over the past decade, the injury death rate increased by 5%. In 2002, the injury death rate was 56.0 (age adjusted), compared to a rate of 58.7 in 2012.
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest injury death rate, 23.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2011. The rates of injury death for the American Indian or Alaska Native, white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, and Hispanic populations were 68.8, 64.2, 59.5, and 38.1 per 100,000 population (age adjusted), respectively. The rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was nearly 3 times the best group rate; the rate for the white non-Hispanic population was more than 2.5 times the best group rate; the rate for the black non-Hispanic population was 2.5 times the best group rate; and the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population more than 1.5 times the best group rate.  
  • Females had a lower injury death rate than males (35.2 versus 83.7 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2011). The rate for males was almost 2.5 times the rate for females.

Injury Death Rate by Sex, 2012

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SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower injury death rate than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (55.3 versus 76.4 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted, in 2011). The rate for persons living in non-metropolitan areas was almost 1.5 times the rate for persons living in metropolitan areas.
  • Persons aged less than 18 years had the lowest injury death rate, 11.7 deaths per 100,000 population in 2012, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 62.8 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; almost 5.5 times the best group rate
    • 69.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; nearly 6 times the best group rate
    • 122.2 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65 years and older (highest rate); almost 10.5 times the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest injury death rate, 4.4 deaths per 100,000 population in 2012. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 16.6 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; nearly 4 times the best group rate
    • 16.3 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; more than 3.5 times the best group rate
    • 60.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years; more than 13.5 times the best group rate
    • 63.8 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 73.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; nearly 17 times the best group rate
    • 64.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; about 14.5 times the best group rate
    • 61.3 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; nearly 14 times the best group rate
    • 127.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; about 29 times the best group rate
    • 358 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and older (highest rate); almost 81.5 times the best group rate

Endnotes:

  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.  
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and older. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and older. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and older. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates. 

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Homicides (IVP-29) 

  • Healthy People 2020 objective IVP-29 tracks homicides.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2007, there were 6.1 homicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted). 
    • HP2020 Target: 5.5 homicides (age adjusted) per 100,000 population, a 10% improvement over the baseline. 
  • The homicide rate did not change between 2002 and 2007 (6.1 deaths per 100,000 population, age adjusted). However, the rate declined 11% between 2007 and 2012, to 5.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). Among racial and ethnic groups, the Asian or Pacific Islander population had the lowest rate of deaths from homicide, 1.9 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2012. The rates for the black non-Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, and white non-Hispanic populations were 19.4, 5.8, 4.9, and 2.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2012, respectively. The rate for the black non-Hispanic population was more than 10 times the best group rate; the rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was about 3 times the best group rate; and the rate for the Hispanic or Latino population was more than 2.5 times the best group rate.
Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2012

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SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

Accessible Version

Homicides by Race/Ethnicity, 2012RaceRate of Death from Homicide per 100,000 (age-adjusted)Asian/Pacific Islander1.9White non-Hispanic/Latino2.6Hispanic or Latino4.9American Indian/Alaska Native5.8Black/African American Not Hispanic/Latino19.4

  • Males had a homicide rate of 8.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2011, compared to a rate of 2.2 for females. The homicide rate for males was nearly 4 times the rate for females.  
  • Persons aged 65 years and older had the lowest homicide rate, 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population in 2012, among broad age groups. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged less than 18 years
    • 9.7 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–44 years; nearly 5 times the best group rate
    • 3.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–64 years; about twice the best group rate
  • When further refining the age groups, persons aged 5–11 years had the lowest homicide death rate, 0.7 deaths per 100,000 population in 2012. Rates for the other age groups were:
    • 3.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 0–4 years; almost 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 2.8 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 12–17 years; 4 times the best group rate
    • 12.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 18–24 years (highest rate); almost 18.5 times the best group rate
    • 8.5 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 25–44 years; more than 12 times the best group rate
    • 4.6 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 45–54 years; more than 6.5 times the best group rate
    • 3.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 55–64 years; more than 4.5 times the best group rate
    • 2.1 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 65–74 years; 3 times the best group rate
    • 2.0 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 75–84 years; nearly 3 times the best group rate
    • 1.9 deaths per 100,000 population among persons aged 85 years and older; more than 2.5 times the best group rate

Endnotes:

  • Unless otherwise stated, all comparisons described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data for this measure are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
  • The terms “Hispanic or Latino” and “Hispanic” are used interchangeably in this report.  
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and older. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 years and older. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75 years and older. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates. 
 

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