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Injury and Violence Prevention

Initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries, 2007–2009

Decrease desired

IVP-2.3 overview graph

Objective IVP-2.3

SOURCE: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries (ICD-9-CM codes 800.0–801.9, 803.0–804.9, 850.0–854.1, 950.1–950.3, 995.55, 959.01 in any of the three diagnostic fields) among the injury emergency department subset (first listed ICD-9-CM 800–909.2, 909.4, 909.9–994.9, 995.50–995.59, 995.80–995.85, E800–E869, E880–E929, E950–E999) that were not admitted to the hospital or transferred to another facility. Data are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.
I = 95% confidence interval.

The rate of initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries increased 58.6% between 2007 and 2009, from 407.2 to 645.9 per 100,000 population (age adjusted).


Initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries, 2007–2009

Decrease desired

IVP-2.3 age graph

Objective IVP-2.3

SOURCE: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS.
NOTE: Data are for initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries (ICD-9-CM codes 800.0–801.9, 803.0–804.9, 850.0–854.1, 950.1–950.3, 995.55, 959.01 in any of the three diagnostic fields) among the injury emergency department subset (first listed ICD-9-CM 800–909.2, 909.4, 909.9–994.9, 995.50–995.59, 995.80–995.85, E800–E869, E880–E929, E950–E999) that were not admitted to the hospital or transferred to another facility.
I = 95% confidence interval.

The rate of initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries varied by age. For example, in 2009, persons aged 45–64 had 279.8 initial emergency department visits for nonfatal traumatic brain injuries per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 427.3 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–44; about one and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.
  • 471.5 per 100,000 for persons aged 65 and over; more than one and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.
  • 691.8 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24; about two and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.
  • 748.5 per 100,000 for persons aged 5–11; more than two and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.
  • 1,044.1 per 100,000 for persons aged 12–17; more than three and a half times the rate for those aged 45–64.
  • 2,272.2 per 100,000 for persons aged 0–4; more than eight times the rate for those aged 45–64.

Poisoning deaths, 1999–2009

Decrease desired

IVP-9.1 and 9.2 graph

Objectives IVP-9.1 and IVP-9.2

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTE: Data are for ICD-10 codes X40–X49, X60–X69, X85–X90, Y10–Y19, Y35.2, and *U01(.6, .7) reported as underlying cause of death.

The poisoning death rate increased overall between 1999 and 2009, and varied by age. For example, in 2009, persons under age 18 had 0.6 poisoning deaths per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 10.6 per 100,000 for persons aged 55 and over; nearly 17 times the rate for those under 18.
  • 11.2 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24; nearly 18 times the rate for those under 18.
  • 18.2 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–34; 29 times the rate for those under 18.
  • 25.9 per 100,000 for persons aged 35–54; more than 41 times the rate for those under 18.

Motor vehicle traffic deaths, 1999–2009

Decrease desired

IVP-13.1 graph

Objective IVP-13.1

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTE: Data are for ICD-10 codes V02–V04 (.1, .9), V09.2, V12–V14 (.3–.9), V19(.4–.6), V20–V28 (.3–.9), V29–V79 (.4–.9), V80 (.3–.5),V81.1, V82.1, V83–V86 (.0–.3), V87 (.0–.8), and V89.2 reported as underlying cause of death.

The motor vehicle traffic related death rate decreased overall between 1999 and 2009, and varied by age. For example, in 2009, persons under age 18 had 3.5 motor vehicle traffic related deaths per 100,000 population, compared with:

  • 11.8 per 100,000 for persons aged 45–64; almost three and a half times the rate for those under 18.
  • 12.6 per 100,000 for persons aged 25–44; more than three and a half times the rate for those under 18.
  • 14.8 per 100,000 for persons aged 65 and over; more than four times the rate for those under 18.
  • 20.2 per 100,000 for persons aged 18–24; more than five and a half times the rate for those under 18.

Bullying, adolescents, 2011

Decrease desired

IVP-35 graph

Objective IVP-35

SOURCE: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCCDPHP.
NOTE: Data are for the proportion of students in grades 9–12 who reported being bullied on school property in the past 12 months.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2011, 20.1% of adolescents in grades 9–12 reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months. This rate varied by sex and grade:

  • 18.2% of male adolescents in grades 9–12 reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months, compared with 22.0% of female adolescents.
  • 15.2% of 12th graders reported being bullied on school property in the previous 12 months, compared with: 22.4% of 10th graders, about one and a half times the rate for 12th graders; and 24.2% of 9th graders, more than one and a half times the rate for 12th graders.

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