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Substance Abuse

Adolescents who, within the past 30 days, rode with a driver who had been drinking alcohol (percent, grades 9–12)

2020 Baseline (year): 28.3 (2009)
2020 Target: 25.5
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2009 2011      
Total 28.3
CI 26.7 / 29.9
SE 0.775
24.1
CI 22.9 / 25.3
SE 0.591






Sex









Male 27.8
CI 26.0 / 29.6
SE 0.896
23.3
CI 21.8 / 25.0
SE 0.789






Female 28.8
CI 27.1 / 30.6
SE 0.872
24.9
CI 23.4 / 26.4
SE 0.738






Race/Ethnicity









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 36.8
CI 31.2 / 42.8
SE 2.878
25.2
CI 19.7 / 31.5
SE 2.939






2 or more races 32.2
CI 28.6 / 36.1
SE 1.846
29.2
CI 25.1 / 33.6
SE 2.124






Not Hispanic or Latino 26.8
CI 25.1 / 28.6
SE 0.865
22.5
CI 21.4 / 23.6
SE 0.553






   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 26.2
CI 24.1 / 28.4
SE 1.061
22.1
CI 20.7 / 23.5
SE 0.701






   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 30.0
CI 27.0 / 33.2
SE 1.528
22.8
CI 20.9 / 24.9
SE 1.008






American Indian or Alaska Native only 33.6
CI 27.6 / 40.3
SE 3.158
34.0
CI 29.1 / 39.2
SE 2.497






White only 26.6
CI 24.5 / 28.7
SE 1.027
22.7
CI 21.4 / 24.0
SE 0.653






Black or African American only 31.1
CI 28.2 / 34.2
SE 1.468
23.4
CI 21.4 / 25.5
SE 1.016






Asian only 19.1
CI 17.0 / 21.4
SE 1.070
19.2
CI 15.2 / 23.9
SE 2.175






Hispanic or Latino 34.1
CI 31.7 / 36.6
SE 1.224
30.7
CI 27.8 / 33.8
SE 1.470






Obesity status









Obese 26.1
CI 22.9 / 29.5
SE 1.656
22.7
CI 20.2 / 25.5
SE 1.316






Not obese 28.2
CI 26.7 / 29.7
SE 0.741
24.0
CI 22.8 / 25.3
SE 0.633






Grade level









12th 28.2
CI 25.8 / 30.8
SE 1.249
27.7
CI 25.7 / 29.7
SE 0.996






9th 27.5
CI 25.4 / 29.6
SE 1.047
21.8
CI 20.0 / 23.7
SE 0.915






11th 29.4
CI 26.9 / 32.0
SE 1.271
23.8
CI 21.6 / 26.1
SE 1.119






10th 28.0
CI 25.7 / 30.3
SE 1.155
23.3
CI 21.5 / 25.2
SE 0.903






Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

At risk adolescents who, in the past year, refrained from alcohol use for the first time (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 69.0 (2008)
2020 Target: 75.91
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 85.6
CI 84.9 / 86.3
SE 0.350
85.1
CI 84.3 / 85.8
SE 0.378
86.4
CI 85.7 / 87.0
SE 0.338
86.2
CI 85.5 / 86.9
SE 0.356


Sex









Female 84.8
CI 83.8 / 85.8
SE 0.507
84.7
CI 83.7 / 85.7
SE 0.520
85.6
CI 84.6 / 86.5
SE 0.49
85.7
CI 84.7 / 86.7
SE 0.509


Male 86.4
CI 85.4 / 87.3
SE 0.494
85.4
CI 84.4 / 86.4
SE 0.512
87.2
CI 86.2 / 88.1
SE 0.493
86.7
CI 85.7 / 87.6
SE 0.495


Race/Ethnicity









Black or African American only 86.8
CI 85.1 / 88.4
SE 0.832
86.9
CI 85.0 / 88.7
SE 0.930
88.6
CI 86.9 / 90.1
SE 0.811
88.5
CI 86.7 / 90.1
SE 0.851


Not Hispanic or Latino 85.6
CI 84.8 / 86.4
SE 0.385
85.3
CI 84.5 / 86.1
SE 0.410
86.6
CI 85.9 / 87.4
SE 0.367
86.2
CI 85.4 / 87.0
SE 0.391


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 84.8
CI 83.8 / 85.7
SE 0.471
84.5
CI 83.6 / 85.4
SE 0.475
85.9
CI 85.0 / 86.7
SE 0.440
85.1
CI 84.2 / 86.0
SE 0.447


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 87.0
CI 85.3 / 88.6
SE 0.840
87.2
CI 85.3 / 89.0
SE 0.939
88.5
CI 86.8 / 90.1
SE 0.840
88.6
CI 86.8 / 90.2
SE 0.855


Asian only 90.7
CI 87.0 / 93.4
SE 1.628
89.0
CI 85.3 / 91.9
SE 1.667
90.8
CI 87.2 / 93.5
SE 1.585
92.3
CI 88.9 / 94.7
SE 1.443


White only 85.0
CI 84.2 / 85.8
SE 0.420
84.4
CI 83.5 / 85.3
SE 0.441
85.7
CI 84.9 / 86.5
SE 0.403
85.3
CI 84.5 / 86.1
SE 0.405


2 or more races 87.9
CI 83.7 / 91.1
SE 1.868
85.0
CI 79.8 / 89.0
SE 2.323
83.7
CI 78.9 / 87.6
SE 2.219
84.5
CI 79.9 / 88.1
SE 2.070


Hispanic or Latino 85.6
CI 83.7 / 87.3
SE 0.928
84.0
CI 82.1 / 85.7
SE 0.925
85.4
CI 83.6 / 87.0
SE 0.883
86.1
CI 84.4 / 87.6
SE 0.822


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



American Indian or Alaska Native only 80.8
CI 76.1 / 84.8
SE 2.214
84.8
CI 80.5 / 88.2
SE 1.980
85.9
CI 82.4 / 88.8
SE 1.631
86.4
CI 82.6 / 89.5
SE 1.738


Age group









16-17 74.8
CI 73.0 / 76.5
SE 0.883
73.8
CI 71.8 / 75.6
SE 0.968
76.5
CI 74.9 / 78.1
SE 0.822
75.3
CI 73.5 / 77.0
SE 0.890


12-13 95.3
CI 94.5 / 95.9
SE 0.357
94.6
CI 93.8 / 95.3
SE 0.392
95.4
CI 94.6 / 96.0
SE 0.362
95.4
CI 94.7 / 96.0
SE 0.350


14-15 82.7
CI 81.4 / 84.0
SE 0.646
83.1
CI 81.8 / 84.3
SE 0.657
83.5
CI 82.3 / 84.7
SE 0.607
84.2
CI 83.0 / 85.4
SE 0.605


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









400-599 85.3
CI 83.9 / 86.7
SE 0.710
85.8
CI 84.2 / 87.2
SE 0.756
86.7
CI 85.1 / 88.1
SE 0.760
85.5
CI 83.8 / 87.0
SE 0.802


200-399 85.1
CI 83.7 / 86.4
SE 0.685
84.9
CI 83.5 / 86.1
SE 0.666
84.7
CI 83.3 / 85.9
SE 0.670
86.2
CI 85.0 / 87.4
SE 0.597


600+ 80.7
CI 76.6 / 84.3
SE 1.951
78.6
CI 73.6 / 82.9
SE 2.373
80.6
CI 76.5 / 84.2
SE 1.959
80.0
CI 75.8 / 83.6
SE 1.978


<100 87.0
CI 85.2 / 88.6
SE 0.861
85.4
CI 83.5 / 87.2
SE 0.923
87.4
CI 85.8 / 88.8
SE 0.765
87.0
CI 85.4 / 88.4
SE 0.756


100-199 86.4
CI 84.9 / 87.7
SE 0.729
85.3
CI 83.7 / 86.7
SE 0.777
88.3
CI 86.9 / 89.5
SE 0.646
87.1
CI 85.6 / 88.5
SE 0.723


Country of birth









US 85.3
CI 84.6 / 86.0
SE 0.365
85.0
CI 84.2 / 85.7
SE 0.395
86.2
CI 85.5 / 86.9
SE 0.353
86.0
CI 85.3 / 86.7
SE 0.361


Outside US 89.8
CI 87.1 / 92.0
SE 1.249
86.3
CI 82.9 / 89.1
SE 1.568
89.0
CI 86.2 / 91.2
SE 1.278
88.2
CI 85.3 / 90.5
SE 1.311


Geographic location









Metropolitan 85.6
CI 84.8 / 86.3
SE 0.398
85.0
CI 84.2 / 85.8
SE 0.414
86.3
CI 85.5 / 87.0
SE 0.381
86.1
CI 85.3 / 86.9
SE 0.393


Non-metropolitan 85.9
CI 84.3 / 87.3
SE 0.776
85.3
CI 83.6 / 86.9
SE 0.840
87.0
CI 85.5 / 88.5
SE 0.772
86.6
CI 85.1 / 88.0
SE 0.754


Health insurance status









Insured 85.5
CI 84.7 / 86.2
SE 0.365
85.1
CI 84.3 / 85.8
SE 0.393
86.6
CI 85.9 / 87.3
SE 0.348
86.2
CI 85.4 / 86.9
SE 0.363


   Public 86.3
CI 85.0 / 87.6
SE 0.641
85.7
CI 84.4 / 86.9
SE 0.627
88.2
CI 87.1 / 89.2
SE 0.528
87.0
CI 85.9 / 88.0
SE 0.551


   Private 85.3
CI 84.4 / 86.1
SE 0.448
84.8
CI 83.9 / 85.8
SE 0.486
85.9
CI 85.0 / 86.8
SE 0.456
85.6
CI 84.7 / 86.5
SE 0.455


Uninsured 87.1
CI 84.5 / 89.4
SE 1.241
85.2
CI 82.1 / 87.8
SE 1.450
83.6
CI 80.4 / 86.4
SE 1.545
86.4
CI 83.4 / 89.0
SE 1.413


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

At risk adolescents who, in the past year, refrained from marijuana use for the first time (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 86.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 88.91
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 94.3
CI 93.9 / 94.7
SE 0.221
93.8
CI 93.4 / 94.2
SE 0.224
94.1
CI 93.6 / 94.5
SE 0.238
93.7
CI 93.3 / 94.2
SE 0.242


Sex









Female 94.1
CI 93.5 / 94.7
SE 0.305
94.3
CI 93.7 / 94.9
SE 0.294
94.1
CI 93.5 / 94.7
SE 0.305
93.8
CI 93.1 / 94.4
SE 0.339


Male 94.5
CI 93.9 / 95.1
SE 0.305
93.3
CI 92.6 / 93.9
SE 0.337
94.0
CI 93.3 / 94.6
SE 0.337
93.7
CI 93.0 / 94.3
SE 0.337


Race/Ethnicity









Not Hispanic or Latino 94.3
CI 93.8 / 94.8
SE 0.238
94.0
CI 93.5 / 94.4
SE 0.237
94.4
CI 93.9 / 94.8
SE 0.247
93.8
CI 93.3 / 94.3
SE 0.258


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 93.8
CI 93.2 / 94.4
SE 0.297
93.8
CI 93.2 / 94.3
SE 0.267
94.2
CI 93.6 / 94.8
SE 0.294
93.7
CI 93.1 / 94.3
SE 0.300


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 95.2
CI 94.1 / 96.1
SE 0.518
94.5
CI 93.2 / 95.6
SE 0.625
94.4
CI 93.1 / 95.4
SE 0.579
94.0
CI 92.7 / 95.1
SE 0.598


Hispanic or Latino 94.4
CI 93.1 / 95.5
SE 0.586
93.1
CI 91.8 / 94.2
SE 0.614
92.8
CI 91.4 / 94.0
SE 0.652
93.6
CI 92.3 / 94.7
SE 0.595


Asian only 98.8
CI 97.6 / 99.4
SE 0.412
96.4
CI 94.0 / 97.8
SE 0.931
96.5
CI 94.0 / 98.0
SE 0.975
96.4
CI 94.0 / 97.8
SE 0.930


American Indian or Alaska Native only 92.4
CI 88.8 / 94.9
SE 1.536
93.0
CI 90.2 / 95.0
SE 1.206
91.6
CI 88.6 / 93.9
SE 1.349
95.3
CI 93.2 / 96.8
SE 0.914


White only 93.9
CI 93.4 / 94.4
SE 0.268
93.7
CI 93.1 / 94.1
SE 0.259
93.9
CI 93.3 / 94.4
SE 0.279
93.7
CI 93.1 / 94.2
SE 0.285


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 98.0
CI 94.1 / 99.4
SE 1.121
97.9
CI 95.1 / 99.1
SE 0.918
99.1
CI 97.0 / 99.7
SE 0.567
95.7
CI 90.1 / 98.2
SE 1.860


Black or African American only 95.1
CI 94.0 / 96.0
SE 0.512
94.4
CI 93.1 / 95.5
SE 0.612
94.4
CI 93.2 / 95.4
SE 0.560
94.0
CI 92.7 / 95.0
SE 0.580


2 or more races 94.4
CI 91.5 / 96.3
SE 1.184
90.4
CI 86.5 / 93.2
SE 1.677
94.0
CI 91.3 / 95.9
SE 1.151
88.1
CI 84.2 / 91.2
SE 1.774


Age group









16-17 90.1
CI 89.1 / 91.0
SE 0.475
89.8
CI 88.7 / 90.8
SE 0.518
90.1
CI 89.0 / 91.1
SE 0.532
89.7
CI 88.5 / 90.7
SE 0.548


12-13 98.4
CI 98.0 / 98.8
SE 0.192
98.9
CI 98.5 / 99.2
SE 0.162
98.3
CI 97.8 / 98.7
SE 0.210
98.4
CI 98.0 / 98.8
SE 0.209


14-15 93.9
CI 93.1 / 94.7
SE 0.389
92.4
CI 91.6 / 93.2
SE 0.429
93.0
CI 92.1 / 93.8
SE 0.438
92.5
CI 91.6 / 93.3
SE 0.429


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









100-199 94.4
CI 93.4 / 95.3
SE 0.482
93.7
CI 92.7 / 94.6
SE 0.483
95.1
CI 94.2 / 95.8
SE 0.392
94.1
CI 93.1 / 95.0
SE 0.476


600+ 91.2
CI 88.6 / 93.3
SE 1.175
91.1
CI 87.8 / 93.6
SE 1.468
91.4
CI 88.5 / 93.6
SE 1.277
91.8
CI 89.0 / 93.9
SE 1.243


400-599 94.2
CI 93.3 / 95.0
SE 0.439
94.4
CI 93.5 / 95.2
SE 0.433
94.1
CI 93.0 / 95.1
SE 0.521
93.9
CI 92.7 / 94.9
SE 0.553


200-399 94.2
CI 93.4 / 94.9
SE 0.379
93.6
CI 92.8 / 94.3
SE 0.401
93.7
CI 92.7 / 94.5
SE 0.464
93.4
CI 92.6 / 94.2
SE 0.416


<100 95.4
CI 94.4 / 96.2
SE 0.468
94.1
CI 92.9 / 95.1
SE 0.547
93.9
CI 92.8 / 94.9
SE 0.519
94.0
CI 92.9 / 94.9
SE 0.510


Country of birth









US 94.2
CI 93.8 / 94.7
SE 0.232
93.7
CI 93.2 / 94.1
SE 0.236
93.9
CI 93.4 / 94.3
SE 0.246
93.6
CI 93.1 / 94.0
SE 0.249


Outside US 95.7
CI 93.9 / 96.9
SE 0.744
96.1
CI 94.5 / 97.2
SE 0.674
96.7
CI 95.0 / 97.8
SE 0.692
95.8
CI 94.0 / 97.1
SE 0.773


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 95.6
CI 94.7 / 96.4
SE 0.426
94.7
CI 93.7 / 95.6
SE 0.460
93.9
CI 92.6 / 95.0
SE 0.609
94.1
CI 93.0 / 95.1
SE 0.528


Metropolitan 94.1
CI 93.5 / 94.5
SE 0.253
93.7
CI 93.1 / 94.1
SE 0.250
94.1
CI 93.6 / 94.6
SE 0.256
93.7
CI 93.1 / 94.2
SE 0.270


Health insurance status









Insured 94.3
CI 93.9 / 94.8
SE 0.228
93.8
CI 93.3 / 94.3
SE 0.232
94.1
CI 93.7 / 94.6
SE 0.231
93.8
CI 93.3 / 94.3
SE 0.247


   Private 94.1
CI 93.5 / 94.7
SE 0.286
94.1
CI 93.6 / 94.6
SE 0.263
94.3
CI 93.7 / 94.8
SE 0.293
93.8
CI 93.2 / 94.4
SE 0.312


   Public 94.9
CI 94.1 / 95.6
SE 0.363
93.1
CI 92.2 / 93.9
SE 0.450
94.1
CI 93.4 / 94.8
SE 0.361
93.4
CI 92.6 / 94.1
SE 0.385


Uninsured 94.3
CI 92.4 / 95.7
SE 0.831
94.0
CI 92.0 / 95.4
SE 0.863
93.1
CI 90.3 / 95.1
SE 1.203
92.7
CI 90.5 / 94.5
SE 0.998


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

High school seniors never using alcoholic beverages (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 27.7 (2009)
2020 Target: 30.5
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Male









Female









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only 25.7
CI 23.1 / 28.3
SE 1.299








Black or African American only 36.8
CI 34.2 / 39.4
SE 1.304








Hispanic or Latino 27.3
CI 25.2 / 29.3
SE 1.042








Geographic location









Metropolitan









Non-metropolitan









Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation









Gender identity









Gender identity









Footnotes View Footnotes

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

High school seniors never using illicit drugs (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 53.3 (2009)
2020 Target: 58.6
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2009        
Total 53.3
CI 51.2 / 55.3
SE 1.048








Sex









Female 56.3
CI 54.0 / 58.6
SE 1.152








Male 50.6
CI 48.2 / 53.0
SE 1.217








Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Hispanic or Latino









Black or African American only









White only









Geographic location









Metropolitan 53.1
CI 50.7 / 55.5
SE 1.207








Non-metropolitan 53.8
CI 49.6 / 58.1
SE 2.086








Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC









Gender identity









Gender identity DNC









Footnotes View Footnotes

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of 1–2 alcoholic drinks every day—8th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 78.5 (2009)
2020 Target: 86.4
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Female









Male









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only 80.7
CI 79.2 / 82.2
SE 0.737








Black or African American only 75.4
CI 73.1 / 77.6
SE 1.148








Hispanic or Latino 75.2
CI 73.0 / 77.3
SE 1.095








Geographic location









Metropolitan









Non-metropolitan









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of 1–2 alcoholic drinks every day—10th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 77.6 (2009)
2020 Target: 85.4
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Male









Female









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only 78.2
CI 77.0 / 79.5
SE 0.626








Hispanic or Latino 77.5
CI 75.8 / 79.2
SE 0.868








Black or African American only 78.8
CI 77.0 / 80.7
SE 0.926








Geographic location









Metropolitan









Non-metropolitan









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of 1–2 alcoholic drinks every day—12th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 70.5 (2009)
2020 Target: 77.6
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Female









Male









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Black or African American only 76.5
CI 72.0 / 81.1
SE 2.280








White only 68.8
CI 66.5 / 71.1
SE 1.143








Hispanic or Latino 79.7
CI 75.9 / 83.4
SE 1.898








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan









Metropolitan









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of trying marijuana or hashish once or twice—8th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 75.3 (2009)
2020 Target: 82.8
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2009        
Total 75.3
CI 73.8 / 76.8
SE 0.770








Sex









Male 73.5
CI 71.7 / 75.2
SE 0.890








Female 77.6
CI 75.8 / 79.4
SE 0.911








Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only









Black or African American only









Hispanic or Latino









Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 77.5
CI 75.4 / 79.5
SE 1.018








Metropolitan 74.7
CI 72.9 / 76.6
SE 0.947








Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of trying marijuana or hashish once or twice—10th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 60.1 (2009)
2020 Target: 66.1
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Female









Male









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Hispanic or Latino 62.3
CI 60.4 / 64.2
SE 0.960








White only 61.7
CI 59.7 / 63.7
SE 1.024








Black or African American only 63.2
CI 60.5 / 65.9
SE 1.354








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan









Metropolitan









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents who disppprove of trying marijuana or hashish once or twice—12th graders (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 54.8 (2009)
2020 Target: 60.3
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2009        
Total 54.8
CI 51.7 / 57.8
SE 1.522








Sex









Male 49.9
CI 45.4 / 54.3
SE 2.247








Female 59.5
CI 55.6 / 63.4
SE 1.966








Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only









Hispanic or Latino









Black or African American only









Geographic location









Metropolitan 53.2
CI 49.5 / 56.8
SE 1.839








Non-metropolitan 60.6
CI 56.0 / 65.3
SE 2.271








Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents perceiving great risk in consuming 5+ alcoholic drinks once or twice a week (percent, 12–17)

2020 Baseline (year): 40.0 (2008)
2020 Target: 44.01
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 40.0
CI 39.1 / 40.9
SE 0.448
39.6
CI 38.8 / 40.4
SE 0.417
40.4
CI 39.5 / 41.3
SE 0.453
40.7
CI 39.7 / 41.7
SE 0.485


Sex









Female 43.8
CI 42.5 / 45.0
SE 0.622
43.0
CI 41.9 / 44.2
SE 0.594
44.5
CI 43.2 / 45.8
SE 0.665
44.9
CI 43.6 / 46.3
SE 0.687


Male 36.4
CI 35.3 / 37.6
SE 0.599
36.3
CI 35.1 / 37.5
SE 0.601
36.5
CI 35.3 / 37.8
SE 0.618
36.6
CI 35.5 / 37.8
SE 0.582


Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only 39.4
CI 35.0 / 44.0
SE 2.291
38.0
CI 33.9 / 42.2
SE 2.131
44.6
CI 40.4 / 48.8
SE 2.141
39.5
CI 35.5 / 43.7
SE 2.103


Hispanic or Latino 43.0
CI 40.7 / 45.3
SE 1.183
40.2
CI 38.2 / 42.3
SE 1.048
42.3
CI 40.3 / 44.4
SE 1.055
42.7
CI 40.3 / 45.1
SE 1.235


Not Hispanic or Latino 39.3
CI 38.4 / 40.3
SE 0.486
39.4
CI 38.5 / 40.3
SE 0.464
39.9
CI 39.0 / 40.9
SE 0.493
40.2
CI 39.2 / 41.1
SE 0.481


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 35.3
CI 34.3 / 36.3
SE 0.502
35.6
CI 34.6 / 36.7
SE 0.525
36.9
CI 35.7 / 38.0
SE 0.572
37.0
CI 36.0 / 38.0
SE 0.529


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 51.3
CI 49.1 / 53.6
SE 1.146
51.0
CI 48.7 / 53.2
SE 1.154
49.7
CI 47.5 / 51.9
SE 1.114
48.6
CI 46.2 / 50.9
SE 1.192


White only 37.0
CI 36.1 / 38.0
SE 0.48
36.6
CI 35.7 / 37.6
SE 0.482
38.1
CI 37.1 / 39.2
SE 0.525
38.5
CI 37.4 / 39.6
SE 0.540


2 or more races 40.0
CI 35.4 / 44.8
SE 2.396
46.8
CI 41.3 / 52.4
SE 2.848
38.7
CI 34.2 / 43.4
SE 2.352
42.8
CI 38.4 / 47.3
SE 2.275


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 53.7
CI 42.6 / 64.4
SE 5.647
40.5
CI 29.9 / 52.0
SE 5.716
DSU

DSU



Asian only 51.9
CI 46.1 / 57.7
SE 2.972
48.8
CI 44.2 / 53.5
SE 2.372
48.7
CI 43.4 / 54.0
SE 2.705
49.8
CI 45.2 / 54.4
SE 2.363


Black or African American only 51.1
CI 48.9 / 53.3
SE 1.122
50.8
CI 48.6 / 53.0
SE 1.138
49.5
CI 47.4 / 51.6
SE 1.077
48.0
CI 45.6 / 50.3
SE 1.186


Age group









14-15 40.0
CI 38.5 / 41.4
SE 0.740
38.7
CI 37.3 / 40.1
SE 0.717
39.1
CI 37.6 / 40.6
SE 0.753
40.0
CI 38.5 / 41.5
SE 0.765


12-13 41.9
CI 40.4 / 43.5
SE 0.789
42.3
CI 40.8 / 43.9
SE 0.803
42.8
CI 41.2 / 44.4
SE 0.810
42.9
CI 41.3 / 44.4
SE 0.791


16-17 38.4
CI 36.9 / 39.9
SE 0.756
38.1
CI 36.6 / 39.5
SE 0.739
39.4
CI 38.0 / 40.9
SE 0.748
39.4
CI 37.9 / 41.0
SE 0.782


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









<100 43.8
CI 41.5 / 46.0
SE 1.140
41.5
CI 39.6 / 43.5
SE 1.004
42.5
CI 40.5 / 44.6
SE 1.034
43.9
CI 41.9 / 45.9
SE 1.001


200-399 39.8
CI 38.2 / 41.4
SE 0.801
38.7
CI 37.2 / 40.2
SE 0.758
40.5
CI 39.0 / 42.1
SE 0.799
40.1
CI 38.6 / 41.7
SE 0.793


400-599 37.2
CI 35.5 / 38.9
SE 0.846
38.4
CI 36.7 / 40.1
SE 0.878
38.6
CI 36.9 / 40.4
SE 0.894
38.7
CI 36.8 / 40.7
SE 1.005


100-199 42.1
CI 40.2 / 44.1
SE 0.988
41.5
CI 39.6 / 43.4
SE 0.978
40.9
CI 39.0 / 42.8
SE 0.952
40.9
CI 39.0 / 42.8
SE 0.962


600+ 33.2
CI 29.6 / 37.0
SE 1.884
34.0
CI 30.1 / 38.0
SE 2.008
36.4
CI 32.8 / 40.1
SE 1.843
37.7
CI 34.0 / 41.5
SE 1.909


Country of birth









US 39.8
CI 38.9 / 40.7
SE 0.46
39.2
CI 38.4 / 40.1
SE 0.430
40.2
CI 39.3 / 41.1
SE 0.462
40.4
CI 39.4 / 41.3
SE 0.490


Outside US 43.7
CI 40.1 / 47.3
SE 1.819
44.5
CI 40.8 / 48.2
SE 1.885
43.6
CI 39.8 / 47.4
SE 1.957
45.3
CI 41.6 / 49.1
SE 1.902


Geographic location









Metropolitan 40.4
CI 39.5 / 41.4
SE 0.502
40.2
CI 39.3 / 41.1
SE 0.466
41.0
CI 40.0 / 42.0
SE 0.491
41.0
CI 40.0 / 42.1
SE 0.541


Non-metropolitan 37.9
CI 36.0 / 39.8
SE 0.968
36.5
CI 34.7 / 38.3
SE 0.916
37.3
CI 35.0 / 39.6
SE 1.165
38.8
CI 36.8 / 40.8
SE 1.030


Health insurance status









Insured 39.9
CI 38.9 / 40.8
SE 0.471
39.5
CI 38.6 / 40.3
SE 0.437
40.2
CI 39.3 / 41.1
SE 0.466
40.3
CI 39.4 / 41.3
SE 0.484


   Private 38.7
CI 37.7 / 39.8
SE 0.552
37.9
CI 36.9 / 39.0
SE 0.52
39.6
CI 38.5 / 40.7
SE 0.572
39.0
CI 37.8 / 40.1
SE 0.576


   Public 42.5
CI 40.9 / 44.2
SE 0.826
42.6
CI 41.1 / 44.1
SE 0.768
41.4
CI 39.9 / 42.9
SE 0.770
43.0
CI 41.5 / 44.5
SE 0.763


Uninsured 41.8
CI 38.8 / 44.8
SE 1.53
41.2
CI 38.1 / 44.4
SE 1.606
43.2
CI 39.8 / 46.7
SE 1.763
45.8
CI 42.2 / 49.5
SE 1.854


Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents perceiving great risk in smoking marijuana once a month (percent, 12–17)

2020 Baseline (year): 33.4 (2008)
2020 Target: 36.71
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 33.4
CI 32.5 / 34.3
SE 0.455
30.3
CI 29.5 / 31.1
SE 0.417
29.6
CI 28.8 / 30.5
SE 0.421
27.6
CI 26.8 / 28.4
SE 0.402


Sex









Female 35.6
CI 34.4 / 36.9
SE 0.637
31.9
CI 30.7 / 33.1
SE 0.604
32.1
CI 30.9 / 33.3
SE 0.607
30.7
CI 29.6 / 31.9
SE 0.591


Male 31.3
CI 30.1 / 32.5
SE 0.594
28.7
CI 27.7 / 29.8
SE 0.556
27.3
CI 26.2 / 28.4
SE 0.563
24.5
CI 23.5 / 25.6
SE 0.532


Race/Ethnicity









Asian only 40.1
CI 34.5 / 45.9
SE 2.917
32.8
CI 28.5 / 37.4
SE 2.285
36.2
CI 31.1 / 41.5
SE 2.651
32.5
CI 28.2 / 37.0
SE 2.248


Not Hispanic or Latino 33.2
CI 32.2 / 34.2
SE 0.503
30.0
CI 29.2 / 30.9
SE 0.434
29.7
CI 28.8 / 30.7
SE 0.471
27.9
CI 27.1 / 28.8
SE 0.436


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 32.8
CI 30.6 / 35.0
SE 1.126
30.4
CI 28.2 / 32.6
SE 1.112
29.6
CI 27.5 / 31.8
SE 1.096
26.3
CI 24.3 / 28.4
SE 1.040


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 33.1
CI 32.0 / 34.2
SE 0.549
30.1
CI 29.1 / 31.1
SE 0.516
29.3
CI 28.3 / 30.4
SE 0.534
28.1
CI 27.1 / 29.1
SE 0.507


Black or African American only 33.0
CI 30.9 / 35.3
SE 1.120
30.3
CI 28.2 / 32.5
SE 1.077
29.3
CI 27.3 / 31.4
SE 1.058
26.5
CI 24.5 / 28.7
SE 1.051


2 or more races 28.8
CI 24.6 / 33.5
SE 2.254
25.9
CI 21.9 / 30.3
SE 2.150
27.8
CI 23.9 / 32.0
SE 2.058
26.0
CI 21.8 / 30.8
SE 2.293


American Indian or Alaska Native only 27.2
CI 23.4 / 31.3
SE 2.020
29.2
CI 25.2 / 33.5
SE 2.108
25.8
CI 21.7 / 30.3
SE 2.201
26.2
CI 22.2 / 30.6
SE 2.144


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 37.5
CI 27.8 / 48.3
SE 5.277
21.5
CI 14.7 / 30.2
SE 3.940
DSU

DSU



Hispanic or Latino 34.4
CI 32.2 / 36.6
SE 1.127
31.3
CI 29.1 / 33.5
SE 1.104
29.2
CI 27.3 / 31.2
SE 0.999
26.4
CI 24.5 / 28.3
SE 0.959


White only 33.3
CI 32.4 / 34.3
SE 0.496
30.4
CI 29.4 / 31.3
SE 0.489
29.4
CI 28.5 / 30.3
SE 0.472
27.6
CI 26.7 / 28.5
SE 0.455


Age group









12-13 43.0
CI 41.6 / 44.5
SE 0.742
39.2
CI 37.7 / 40.7
SE 0.763
39.0
CI 37.5 / 40.6
SE 0.797
36.0
CI 34.5 / 37.6
SE 0.785


16-17 25.2
CI 23.8 / 26.5
SE 0.692
22.4
CI 21.3 / 23.7
SE 0.608
22.1
CI 20.8 / 23.4
SE 0.649
20.8
CI 19.7 / 22.0
SE 0.592


14-15 33.2
CI 31.7 / 34.8
SE 0.790
30.4
CI 29.1 / 31.8
SE 0.692
28.5
CI 27.1 / 29.9
SE 0.705
26.7
CI 25.4 / 28.1
SE 0.681


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









600+ 23.8
CI 20.7 / 27.1
SE 1.636
25.1
CI 21.7 / 28.9
SE 1.815
24.4
CI 21.3 / 27.8
SE 1.652
22.6
CI 19.4 / 26.1
SE 1.719


<100 35.6
CI 33.5 / 37.8
SE 1.099
32.8
CI 30.8 / 34.9
SE 1.048
31.6
CI 29.8 / 33.5
SE 0.950
27.1
CI 25.4 / 28.8
SE 0.875


100-199 33.8
CI 32.0 / 35.7
SE 0.943
31.8
CI 30.0 / 33.6
SE 0.914
29.9
CI 28.2 / 31.6
SE 0.871
27.8
CI 26.1 / 29.6
SE 0.888


400-599 31.9
CI 30.2 / 33.6
SE 0.853
28.7
CI 27.0 / 30.3
SE 0.845
27.6
CI 25.9 / 29.3
SE 0.857
28.2
CI 26.5 / 30.0
SE 0.884


200-399 34.6
CI 33.1 / 36.2
SE 0.781
29.6
CI 28.2 / 31.0
SE 0.710
30.4
CI 29.0 / 31.9
SE 0.742
28.0
CI 26.6 / 29.4
SE 0.722


Country of birth









US 33.0
CI 32.1 / 33.9
SE 0.458
29.8
CI 29.0 / 30.7
SE 0.418
29.2
CI 28.4 / 30.1
SE 0.429
27.0
CI 26.1 / 27.8
SE 0.423


Outside US 39.7
CI 36.0 / 43.6
SE 1.943
36.8
CI 32.9 / 40.8
SE 2.003
34.9
CI 31.4 / 38.6
SE 1.836
35.8
CI 32.3 / 39.5
SE 1.840


Geographic location









Metropolitan 32.3
CI 31.3 / 33.3
SE 0.507
29.5
CI 28.6 / 30.4
SE 0.466
28.9
CI 28.0 / 29.8
SE 0.458
26.8
CI 25.9 / 27.7
SE 0.441


Non-metropolitan 38.7
CI 36.8 / 40.7
SE 0.988
34.5
CI 32.6 / 36.5
SE 0.991
33.8
CI 31.8 / 35.9
SE 1.064
32.0
CI 30.2 / 33.8
SE 0.921


Health insurance status









Insured 33.4
CI 32.5 / 34.3
SE 0.471
30.3
CI 29.5 / 31.2
SE 0.433
29.5
CI 28.6 / 30.3
SE 0.430
27.5
CI 26.7 / 28.3
SE 0.412


   Public 34.8
CI 33.2 / 36.4
SE 0.834
32.0
CI 30.5 / 33.5
SE 0.773
30.1
CI 28.7 / 31.6
SE 0.721
26.8
CI 25.5 / 28.1
SE 0.656


   Private 32.7
CI 31.7 / 33.8
SE 0.546
29.7
CI 28.8 / 30.7
SE 0.484
29.3
CI 28.3 / 30.3
SE 0.521
27.9
CI 26.9 / 28.9
SE 0.516


Uninsured 33.7
CI 30.8 / 36.9
SE 1.563
29.5
CI 26.6 / 32.5
SE 1.507
31.5
CI 28.2 / 35.0
SE 1.726
28.3
CI 25.3 / 31.5
SE 1.594


Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents perceiving great risk in using cocaine once a month (percent, 12–17)

2020 Baseline (year): 49.4 (2008)
2020 Target: 54.31
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 49.4
CI 48.5 / 50.2
SE 0.443
49.2
CI 48.3 / 50.1
SE 0.457
49.1
CI 48.3 / 50.0
SE 0.449
48.1
CI 47.2 / 49.0
SE 0.471


Sex









Male 49.1
CI 47.9 / 50.3
SE 0.609
50.2
CI 49.0 / 51.5
SE 0.632
50.1
CI 48.9 / 51.3
SE 0.620
47.6
CI 46.4 / 48.8
SE 0.628


Female 49.6
CI 48.4 / 50.9
SE 0.644
48.1
CI 46.9 / 49.3
SE 0.622
48.1
CI 46.9 / 49.4
SE 0.65
48.6
CI 47.4 / 49.9
SE 0.639


Race/Ethnicity









Asian only 43.5
CI 38.1 / 49.0
SE 2.788
44.8
CI 39.4 / 50.4
SE 2.807
47.5
CI 42.0 / 53.0
SE 2.809
42.7
CI 38.1 / 47.5
SE 2.404


2 or more races 47.2
CI 42.3 / 52.2
SE 2.548
53.8
CI 48.2 / 59.2
SE 2.824
46.4
CI 41.8 / 51.1
SE 2.386
52.8
CI 48.1 / 57.5
SE 2.388


Not Hispanic or Latino 49.7
CI 48.8 / 50.7
SE 0.489
50.0
CI 49.1 / 51.0
SE 0.49
49.9
CI 49.0 / 50.9
SE 0.490
49.0
CI 48.0 / 49.9
SE 0.497


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 48.8
CI 47.7 / 49.9
SE 0.553
48.5
CI 47.4 / 49.6
SE 0.560
49.1
CI 48.0 / 50.2
SE 0.561
48.5
CI 47.4 / 49.6
SE 0.566


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 55.3
CI 53.2 / 57.4
SE 1.088
57.2
CI 54.8 / 59.6
SE 1.222
54.2
CI 51.9 / 56.6
SE 1.187
51.5
CI 49.2 / 53.8
SE 1.161


Hispanic or Latino 47.8
CI 45.6 / 50.0
SE 1.134
45.6
CI 43.3 / 47.9
SE 1.174
46.0
CI 43.8 / 48.3
SE 1.133
44.9
CI 42.7 / 47.2
SE 1.147


White only 48.5
CI 47.5 / 49.5
SE 0.515
47.8
CI 46.7 / 48.8
SE 0.525
48.4
CI 47.4 / 49.4
SE 0.511
47.7
CI 46.7 / 48.7
SE 0.530


American Indian or Alaska Native only 46.0
CI 41.4 / 50.8
SE 2.412
44.3
CI 39.3 / 49.4
SE 2.602
46.1
CI 41.1 / 51.1
SE 2.538
40.9
CI 36.7 / 45.3
SE 2.197


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Black or African American only 55.6
CI 53.5 / 57.7
SE 1.058
56.9
CI 54.5 / 59.2
SE 1.185
54.3
CI 52.0 / 56.5
SE 1.154
51.1
CI 48.8 / 53.3
SE 1.159


Age group









14-15 48.1
CI 46.6 / 49.7
SE 0.783
49.1
CI 47.7 / 50.5
SE 0.732
48.4
CI 46.9 / 49.8
SE 0.731
47.3
CI 45.8 / 48.9
SE 0.785


12-13 42.7
CI 41.2 / 44.2
SE 0.767
40.5
CI 38.9 / 42.2
SE 0.826
41.6
CI 40.0 / 43.1
SE 0.773
39.2
CI 37.7 / 40.7
SE 0.770


16-17 56.4
CI 54.9 / 57.9
SE 0.756
56.6
CI 55.2 / 58.1
SE 0.745
56.9
CI 55.3 / 58.3
SE 0.763
56.9
CI 55.4 / 58.3
SE 0.740


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









100-199 49.5
CI 47.6 / 51.5
SE 0.991
50.7
CI 48.8 / 52.6
SE 0.953
49.8
CI 47.8 / 51.8
SE 1.026
47.0
CI 45.1 / 48.8
SE 0.950


200-399 49.2
CI 47.6 / 50.7
SE 0.781
48.7
CI 47.1 / 50.3
SE 0.800
49.8
CI 48.2 / 51.3
SE 0.811
48.9
CI 47.4 / 50.5
SE 0.795


600+ 48.4
CI 44.4 / 52.4
SE 2.041
51.3
CI 47.1 / 55.4
SE 2.114
53.7
CI 49.8 / 57.6
SE 1.979
51.4
CI 46.9 / 55.9
SE 2.307


<100 51.4
CI 49.2 / 53.6
SE 1.104
50.4
CI 48.3 / 52.5
SE 1.062
48.4
CI 46.3 / 50.6
SE 1.106
46.5
CI 44.4 / 48.6
SE 1.066


400-599 48.3
CI 46.5 / 50.1
SE 0.932
47.1
CI 45.2 / 48.9
SE 0.946
47.3
CI 45.5 / 49.2
SE 0.934
49.0
CI 47.1 / 51.0
SE 0.996


Country of birth









US 49.3
CI 48.4 / 50.2
SE 0.452
49.6
CI 48.7 / 50.5
SE 0.472
49.3
CI 48.4 / 50.2
SE 0.464
48.5
CI 47.5 / 49.4
SE 0.482


Outside US 49.8
CI 46.1 / 53.5
SE 1.898
43.3
CI 39.3 / 47.4
SE 2.065
47.1
CI 43.5 / 50.8
SE 1.866
43.2
CI 39.4 / 47.2
SE 1.999


Geographic location









Metropolitan 48.8
CI 47.8 / 49.8
SE 0.490
48.7
CI 47.8 / 49.7
SE 0.499
48.9
CI 48.0 / 49.9
SE 0.48
48.0
CI 47.0 / 49.0
SE 0.523


Non-metropolitan 52.2
CI 50.3 / 54.0
SE 0.939
51.5
CI 49.6 / 53.5
SE 0.991
50.4
CI 48.1 / 52.6
SE 1.134
48.6
CI 46.5 / 50.6
SE 1.044


Health insurance status









Uninsured 49.5
CI 46.2 / 52.7
SE 1.668
46.9
CI 43.7 / 50.2
SE 1.666
50.0
CI 46.0 / 54.0
SE 2.031
50.3
CI 46.9 / 53.6
SE 1.691


Insured 49.4
CI 48.5 / 50.3
SE 0.457
49.4
CI 48.4 / 50.3
SE 0.465
49.1
CI 48.2 / 50.0
SE 0.451
47.9
CI 47.0 / 48.9
SE 0.484


   Private 48.4
CI 47.3 / 49.5
SE 0.561
48.1
CI 47.1 / 49.2
SE 0.558
49.0
CI 48.0 / 50.1
SE 0.536
48.6
CI 47.4 / 49.7
SE 0.600


   Public 51.1
CI 49.6 / 52.5
SE 0.747
52.1
CI 50.6 / 53.7
SE 0.789
49.1
CI 47.6 / 50.6
SE 0.758
47.2
CI 45.7 / 48.7
SE 0.744


Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

States with mandatory ignition interlock laws for impaired driving offenders (no. States and D.C.)

2020 Baseline (year): 13 (2009)
2020 Target: 51
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2009        
Total 13









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Admissions to substance abuse treatment programs for treatment of injection drug use (number)

2020 Baseline (year): 254,278 (2006)
2020 Target: 279,706
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2006        
Total 255374









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Persons who needed and received illicit drug treatment at a specialty facility in the past year (percent, 12+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 16.0 (2008)
2020 Target: 17.6
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011  
Total 16.0
CI 13.9 / 18.3
SE 1.117
18.9
CI 16.3 / 21.8
SE 1.391
19.1
CI 16.7 / 21.8
SE 1.276
18.8
CI 16.4 / 21.6
SE 1.313


Sex









Male 16.3
CI 13.6 / 19.4
SE 1.477
19.0
CI 15.7 / 22.8
SE 1.800
18.8
CI 15.7 / 22.3
SE 1.672
17.6
CI 14.6 / 21.1
SE 1.642


Female 15.6
CI 12.6 / 19.1
SE 1.659
18.6
CI 14.9 / 23.0
SE 2.039
19.7
CI 16.0 / 24.0
SE 2.041
21.1
CI 17.2 / 25.6
SE 2.153


Race/Ethnicity









Hispanic or Latino 12.1
CI 7.5 / 18.7
SE 2.812
16.4
CI 10.5 / 24.6
SE 3.563
12.4
CI 7.2 / 20.7
SE 3.379
17.6
CI 12.1 / 24.8
SE 3.229


White only 16.4
CI 14.1 / 19.0
SE 1.257
17.9
CI 15.1 / 21.0
SE 1.506
20.6
CI 17.8 / 23.7
SE 1.495
18.1
CI 15.5 / 21.1
SE 1.419


Not Hispanic or Latino 16.6
CI 14.4 / 19.2
SE 1.228
19.3
CI 16.7 / 22.2
SE 1.403
20.6
CI 18.0 / 23.4
SE 1.391
19.1
CI 16.5 / 22.1
SE 1.432


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 14.2
CI 9.3 / 21.0
SE 2.949
24.3
CI 17.1 / 33.3
SE 4.156
14.9
CI 9.9 / 21.8
SE 2.989
22.1
CI 15.1 / 31.2
SE 4.112


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 17.2
CI 14.7 / 20.0
SE 1.363
18.2
CI 15.4 / 21.2
SE 1.478
22.6
CI 19.6 / 25.9
SE 1.622
18.5
CI 15.6 / 21.7
SE 1.548


American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU

13.4
CI 7.5 / 22.7
SE 3.790
DSU

DSU



Black or African American only 13.8
CI 9.1 / 20.4
SE 2.855
24.1
CI 17.0 / 33.0
SE 4.088
14.5
CI 9.8 / 20.9
SE 2.804
22.2
CI 15.4 / 30.9
SE 3.952


Asian only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



2 or more races DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Age group









65 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   75-84 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   85 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   65-74 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



12-17 9.3
CI 7.4 / 11.8
SE 1.109
10.7
CI 8.6 / 13.2
SE 1.168
8.4
CI 6.5 / 10.8
SE 1.087
10.5
CI 8.2 / 13.4
SE 1.316


45-64 23.0
CI 15.1 / 33.4
SE 4.674
26.3
CI 17.5 / 37.5
SE 5.145
31.8
CI 22.2 / 43.2
SE 5.421
32.8
CI 23.0 / 44.4
SE 5.532


   45-54 20.4
CI 12.7 / 31.1
SE 4.700
DSU

29.3
CI 19.9 / 41.0
SE 5.427
DSU



   55-64 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



18-44 16.3
CI 13.9 / 19.0
SE 1.309
18.9
CI 16.2 / 22.0
SE 1.470
18.7
CI 16.2 / 21.4
SE 1.304
18.3
CI 15.7 / 21.2
SE 1.406


   18-24 11.0
CI 9.2 / 13.0
SE 0.969
13.3
CI 11.3 / 15.6
SE 1.107
12.5
CI 10.6 / 14.7
SE 1.033
13.6
CI 11.4 / 16.1
SE 1.206


   25-44 20.7
CI 16.8 / 25.4
SE 2.197
23.7
CI 19.1 / 29.1
SE 2.560
24.0
CI 19.8 / 28.7
SE 2.269
23.1
CI 18.6 / 28.4
SE 2.495


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









High school 19.4
CI 13.7 / 26.7
SE 3.293
27.8
CI 20.4 / 36.7
SE 4.175
31.9
CI 23.7 / 41.4
SE 4.547
22.0
CI 15.1 / 30.9
SE 4.017


4-year college degree DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Some college 20.5
CI 14.0 / 28.9
SE 3.782
29.7
CI 20.9 / 40.3
SE 5.007
31.7
CI 23.8 / 41.0
SE 4.418
23.4
CI 16.2 / 32.6
SE 4.190


Advanced degree DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



< High school 29.5
CI 21.2 / 39.4
SE 4.680
23.9
CI 16.8 / 33.0
SE 4.137
26.3
CI 18.1 / 36.6
SE 4.730
34.1
CI 25.0 / 44.6
SE 5.061


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









100-199 19.3
CI 14.7 / 24.9
SE 2.597
20.1
CI 15.0 / 26.5
SE 2.936
18.0
CI 14.1 / 22.7
SE 2.197
18.7
CI 14.7 / 23.6
SE 2.264


200-399 11.6
CI 8.7 / 15.4
SE 1.7
22.3
CI 17.4 / 28.0
SE 2.685
16.3
CI 12.4 / 21.0
SE 2.187
15.5
CI 11.9 / 20.0
SE 2.056


400-599 10.4
CI 7.0 / 15.2
SE 2.078
7.6
CI 4.9 / 11.5
SE 1.645
13.1
CI 9.0 / 18.7
SE 2.444
11.9
CI 7.0 / 19.4
SE 3.080


<100 23.1
CI 18.3 / 28.6
SE 2.610
22.3
CI 17.6 / 27.8
SE 2.585
28.1
CI 22.6 / 34.3
SE 3.001
27.0
CI 21.6 / 33.2
SE 2.948


600+ 16.5
CI 10.0 / 26.0
SE 4.031
10.0
CI 5.4 / 18.0
SE 3.106
13.3
CI 7.9 / 21.5
SE 3.415
11.0
CI 6.4 / 18.1
SE 2.912


Country of birth









US 16.7
CI 14.5 / 19.1
SE 1.176
19.6
CI 16.9 / 22.6
SE 1.439
20.1
CI 17.6 / 22.8
SE 1.347
19.0
CI 16.5 / 21.7
SE 1.325


Outside US 5.9
CI 2.8 / 12.1
SE 2.218
8.5
CI 4.1 / 16.7
SE 3.051
6.4
CI 3.0 / 12.9
SE 2.354
DSU



Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 17.5
CI 13.2 / 22.8
SE 2.460
29.7
CI 20.6 / 40.8
SE 5.198
25.1
CI 19.1 / 32.4
SE 3.396
19.8
CI 15.0 / 25.6
SE 2.699


Metropolitan 15.7
CI 13.4 / 18.3
SE 1.250
17.0
CI 14.6 / 19.8
SE 1.34
18.2
CI 15.6 / 21.1
SE 1.393
18.7
CI 16.0 / 21.7
SE 1.466


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 15.4
CI 13.0 / 18.1
SE 1.309
17.8
CI 14.9 / 21.0
SE 1.557
18.5
CI 15.6 / 21.8
SE 1.584
18.7
CI 15.9 / 21.8
SE 1.487


   Private 11.8
CI 9.3 / 14.9
SE 1.421
12.2
CI 9.6 / 15.3
SE 1.459
11.7
CI 9.1 / 14.9
SE 1.458
10.9
CI 8.8 / 13.4
SE 1.160


   Public 22.3
CI 17.7 / 27.6
SE 2.52
25.9
CI 20.7 / 31.9
SE 2.869
27.2
CI 21.9 / 33.2
SE 2.886
28.9
CI 23.7 / 34.6
SE 2.773


Uninsured 17.3
CI 13.6 / 21.8
SE 2.065
21.4
CI 16.8 / 26.8
SE 2.549
20.5
CI 16.3 / 25.5
SE 2.358
19.9
CI 15.4 / 25.4
SE 2.541


Marital status









Divorced or separated 32.3
CI 23.8 / 42.2
SE 4.739
28.1
CI 20.3 / 37.5
SE 4.403
36.5
CI 27.2 / 47.1
SE 5.129
25.4
CI 16.6 / 36.9
SE 5.209


Never married 13.6
CI 11.6 / 16.0
SE 1.129
17.0
CI 14.4 / 20.0
SE 1.422
15.4
CI 13.3 / 17.7
SE 1.138
18.2
CI 15.5 / 21.4
SE 1.496


Widowed DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Married 15.9
CI 10.8 / 22.7
SE 3.016
18.1
CI 12.1 / 26.1
SE 3.540
17.9
CI 12.5 / 25.2
SE 3.225
18.1
CI 12.7 / 25.2
SE 3.168


Veteran status









Non-veteran 16.4
CI 14.1 / 19.0
SE 1.229
19.1
CI 16.4 / 22.0
SE 1.426
20.4
CI 17.8 / 23.3
SE 1.406
20.3
CI 17.5 / 23.4
SE 1.510


Veteran DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Persons who needed and received illicit drugs and/or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility in the past year (percent, 12+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 9.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 10.9
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011  
Total 9.9
CI 8.7 / 11.2
SE 0.642
11.1
CI 9.9 / 12.5
SE 0.664
11.2
CI 10.0 / 12.5
SE 0.634
10.8
CI 9.6 / 12.1
SE 0.652


Sex









Male 10.3
CI 8.7 / 12.1
SE 0.862
11.8
CI 10.2 / 13.7
SE 0.887
11.0
CI 9.6 / 12.7
SE 0.792
10.7
CI 9.2 / 12.4
SE 0.831


Female 9.2
CI 7.6 / 11.1
SE 0.888
9.8
CI 8.1 / 11.8
SE 0.945
11.4
CI 9.5 / 13.7
SE 1.063
10.9
CI 9.1 / 13.1
SE 1.026


Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only DSU

10.1
CI 6.0 / 16.5
SE 2.607
DSU

DSU



Not Hispanic or Latino 10.7
CI 9.3 / 12.2
SE 0.734
11.6
CI 10.3 / 13.1
SE 0.693
11.8
CI 10.5 / 13.2
SE 0.687
10.9
CI 9.6 / 12.3
SE 0.695


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 10.3
CI 8.8 / 11.9
SE 0.783
11.1
CI 9.7 / 12.7
SE 0.753
11.7
CI 10.3 / 13.3
SE 0.752
10.5
CI 9.1 / 12.0
SE 0.740


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 13.1
CI 9.4 / 17.9
SE 2.144
15.4
CI 11.4 / 20.4
SE 2.280
12.8
CI 9.4 / 17.3
SE 1.997
14.3
CI 10.2 / 19.7
SE 2.395


Asian only DSU

DSU

5.1
CI 1.9 / 12.9
SE 2.494
3.8
CI 1.2 / 11.0
SE 2.119


Hispanic or Latino 5.4
CI 3.7 / 7.8
SE 1.036
8.4
CI 5.7 / 12.0
SE 1.581
8.1
CI 5.5 / 11.8
SE 1.574
10.2
CI 7.6 / 13.6
SE 1.536


2 or more races 12.4
CI 7.0 / 21.3
SE 3.565
DSU

11.2
CI 6.2 / 19.4
SE 3.259
7.7
CI 4.4 / 13.2
SE 2.174


White only 9.5
CI 8.2 / 10.9
SE 0.676
10.6
CI 9.3 / 12.1
SE 0.722
11.1
CI 9.8 / 12.5
SE 0.696
10.4
CI 9.1 / 11.8
SE 0.702


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Black or African American only 12.9
CI 9.3 / 17.6
SE 2.105
15.2
CI 11.3 / 20.2
SE 2.240
12.6
CI 9.3 / 16.8
SE 1.899
14.4
CI 10.4 / 19.5
SE 2.310


Age group









18-44 9.4
CI 8.2 / 10.8
SE 0.644
11.0
CI 9.7 / 12.5
SE 0.719
10.4
CI 9.2 / 11.7
SE 0.629
10.3
CI 9.1 / 11.7
SE 0.672


   18-24 7.1
CI 6.2 / 8.1
SE 0.470
8.2
CI 7.2 / 9.4
SE 0.555
7.7
CI 6.6 / 8.8
SE 0.554
8.2
CI 7.1 / 9.5
SE 0.620


   25-44 10.9
CI 9.1 / 13.0
SE 0.988
12.8
CI 10.8 / 15.2
SE 1.122
12.1
CI 10.3 / 14.1
SE 0.961
11.7
CI 9.9 / 13.9
SE 1.019


45-64 12.2
CI 8.8 / 16.7
SE 2.004
13.0
CI 9.7 / 17.1
SE 1.877
16.2
CI 12.6 / 20.5
SE 2.021
13.7
CI 10.2 / 18.1
SE 2.005


   55-64 DSU

9.0
CI 4.5 / 17.1
SE 3.065
10.5
CI 5.3 / 19.8
SE 3.569
15.8
CI 9.6 / 24.9
SE 3.880


   45-54 13.4
CI 9.4 / 18.7
SE 2.346
15.3
CI 11.0 / 20.8
SE 2.471
18.7
CI 14.4 / 23.9
SE 2.404
12.7
CI 8.9 / 18.0
SE 2.303


65 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   65-74 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   75-84 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   85 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



12-17 7.4
CI 6.0 / 9.2
SE 0.793
8.5
CI 7.0 / 10.3
SE 0.847
7.6
CI 6.1 / 9.4
SE 0.827
8.4
CI 6.7 / 10.4
SE 0.945


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









4-year college degree 5.6
CI 3.1 / 10.0
SE 1.701
4.7
CI 2.5 / 8.7
SE 1.514
5.3
CI 3.0 / 9.2
SE 1.530
5.6
CI 2.9 / 10.7
SE 1.887


< High school 19.3
CI 14.6 / 25.2
SE 2.710
14.4
CI 10.5 / 19.5
SE 2.285
18.3
CI 13.7 / 24.0
SE 2.620
21.5
CI 16.4 / 27.7
SE 2.888


Advanced degree 4.6
CI 2.0 / 9.9
SE 1.856
6.4
CI 3.5 / 11.3
SE 1.910
1.3
CI 0.5 / 3.6
SE 0.678
6.7
CI 3.3 / 12.9
SE 2.316


High school 12.1
CI 9.1 / 15.8
SE 1.678
15.7
CI 12.2 / 19.9
SE 1.966
16.1
CI 12.8 / 20.0
SE 1.83
11.9
CI 8.9 / 15.7
SE 1.737


Some college 11.3
CI 8.1 / 15.5
SE 1.862
15.1
CI 11.4 / 19.7
SE 2.126
16.2
CI 12.6 / 20.6
SE 2.012
12.8
CI 9.7 / 16.6
SE 1.737


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









<100 16.8
CI 13.7 / 20.4
SE 1.684
17.3
CI 14.2 / 20.9
SE 1.722
18.9
CI 15.5 / 23.0
SE 1.918
17.3
CI 14.1 / 21.2
SE 1.807


600+ 7.7
CI 4.7 / 12.4
SE 1.915
4.5
CI 2.7 / 7.4
SE 1.146
6.2
CI 4.2 / 9.2
SE 1.266
4.2
CI 2.5 / 7.0
SE 1.097


400-599 5.8
CI 4.0 / 8.3
SE 1.077
6.7
CI 4.9 / 9.1
SE 1.057
5.9
CI 4.2 / 8.1
SE 0.978
6.6
CI 4.4 / 9.7
SE 1.324


100-199 12.7
CI 10.1 / 15.8
SE 1.463
13.2
CI 10.4 / 16.6
SE 1.591
13.3
CI 10.9 / 16.0
SE 1.287
13.7
CI 11.1 / 16.8
SE 1.472


200-399 8.8
CI 6.8 / 11.4
SE 1.148
11.6
CI 9.3 / 14.4
SE 1.297
9.9
CI 7.9 / 12.4
SE 1.155
9.0
CI 7.2 / 11.2
SE 1.023


Country of birth









Outside US 5.4
CI 2.4 / 11.5
SE 2.148
5.5
CI 2.8 / 10.5
SE 1.865
4.3
CI 2.5 / 7.2
SE 1.158
5.8
CI 3.1 / 10.7
SE 1.860


US 10.4
CI 9.1 / 11.8
SE 0.676
11.7
CI 10.4 / 13.2
SE 0.702
11.9
CI 10.6 / 13.3
SE 0.681
11.3
CI 10.0 / 12.7
SE 0.687


Geographic location









Metropolitan 9.8
CI 8.5 / 11.3
SE 0.716
10.7
CI 9.4 / 12.2
SE 0.7
10.6
CI 9.3 / 12.0
SE 0.694
10.5
CI 9.2 / 11.9
SE 0.701


Non-metropolitan 10.1
CI 7.7 / 13.1
SE 1.367
13.2
CI 9.9 / 17.4
SE 1.887
14.8
CI 12.0 / 18.2
SE 1.590
12.8
CI 10.2 / 16.0
SE 1.489


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 9.5
CI 8.1 / 11.1
SE 0.750
9.9
CI 8.6 / 11.4
SE 0.708
10.5
CI 9.1 / 12.0
SE 0.723
10.5
CI 9.2 / 12.1
SE 0.747


   Public 16.9
CI 13.9 / 20.6
SE 1.706
19.2
CI 15.9 / 22.9
SE 1.785
19.9
CI 16.6 / 23.8
SE 1.833
22.0
CI 18.4 / 26.0
SE 1.912


   Private 7.4
CI 6.0 / 9.1
SE 0.790
6.4
CI 5.2 / 7.9
SE 0.669
6.4
CI 5.3 / 7.8
SE 0.635
6.6
CI 5.4 / 7.9
SE 0.648


Uninsured 10.9
CI 8.8 / 13.4
SE 1.185
15.0
CI 12.3 / 18.2
SE 1.488
13.9
CI 11.4 / 16.8
SE 1.391
12.0
CI 9.6 / 14.9
SE 1.352


Marital status









Married 7.8
CI 5.7 / 10.6
SE 1.247
7.6
CI 5.6 / 10.2
SE 1.147
7.3
CI 5.5 / 9.7
SE 1.063
7.7
CI 5.8 / 10.2
SE 1.114


Widowed DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Divorced or separated 15.6
CI 11.8 / 20.4
SE 2.185
17.2
CI 13.3 / 22.1
SE 2.238
20.4
CI 16.2 / 25.5
SE 2.388
15.3
CI 11.2 / 20.4
SE 2.333


Never married 9.5
CI 8.2 / 10.9
SE 0.682
11.3
CI 9.8 / 13.0
SE 0.819
10.5
CI 9.3 / 11.9
SE 0.684
11.4
CI 10.0 / 13.0
SE 0.778


Veteran status









Non-veteran 9.8
CI 8.5 / 11.2
SE 0.686
10.9
CI 9.7 / 12.4
SE 0.696
11.5
CI 10.2 / 12.9
SE 0.684
10.9
CI 9.7 / 12.4
SE 0.690


Veteran 13.2
CI 8.5 / 19.9
SE 2.859
15.2
CI 10.3 / 22.0
SE 2.969
10.6
CI 6.4 / 17.2
SE 2.691
11.1
CI 6.9 / 17.4
SE 2.626


Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Persons who needed and received alcohol treatment at a specialty facility in the past year (percent, 12+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 8.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 9.0
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011  
Total 8.2
CI 6.9 / 9.7
SE 0.691
8.8
CI 7.6 / 10.1
SE 0.627
8.5
CI 7.4 / 9.9
SE 0.648
8.5
CI 7.2 / 9.9
SE 0.683


Sex









Male 8.8
CI 7.2 / 10.8
SE 0.920
9.5
CI 7.9 / 11.2
SE 0.837
8.8
CI 7.4 / 10.6
SE 0.815
8.7
CI 7.1 / 10.6
SE 0.872


Female 7.0
CI 5.4 / 9.0
SE 0.903
7.6
CI 5.9 / 9.7
SE 0.956
8.0
CI 6.1 / 10.3
SE 1.05
8.0
CI 6.2 / 10.4
SE 1.07


Race/Ethnicity









White only 7.6
CI 6.3 / 9.1
SE 0.712
8.3
CI 7.1 / 9.7
SE 0.670
8.2
CI 6.9 / 9.7
SE 0.699
8.2
CI 6.9 / 9.8
SE 0.745


Not Hispanic or Latino 9.0
CI 7.6 / 10.7
SE 0.795
9.2
CI 8.0 / 10.6
SE 0.675
8.8
CI 7.6 / 10.3
SE 0.696
8.3
CI 6.9 / 9.8
SE 0.730


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 8.4
CI 6.9 / 10.2
SE 0.833
8.7
CI 7.3 / 10.2
SE 0.726
8.5
CI 7.2 / 10.1
SE 0.748
8.0
CI 6.6 / 9.7
SE 0.788


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 12.8
CI 8.6 / 18.8
SE 2.571
13.7
CI 9.4 / 19.5
SE 2.541
12.0
CI 8.1 / 17.4
SE 2.328
11.8
CI 7.5 / 18.0
SE 2.628


Black or African American only 12.7
CI 8.6 / 18.5
SE 2.515
13.6
CI 9.4 / 19.3
SE 2.5
11.9
CI 8.2 / 17.1
SE 2.241
11.9
CI 7.7 / 17.9
SE 2.546


Hispanic or Latino 3.6
CI 2.3 / 5.6
SE 0.802
6.6
CI 4.2 / 10.2
SE 1.496
6.9
CI 4.2 / 11.0
SE 1.688
9.5
CI 6.7 / 13.1
SE 1.607


2 or more races 7.7
CI 4.0 / 14.5
SE 2.562
7.2
CI 4.0 / 12.7
SE 2.134
DSU

6.2
CI 2.9 / 13.1
SE 2.427


Asian only DSU

2.5
CI 0.8 / 7.8
SE 1.482
DSU

DSU



American Indian or Alaska Native only 9.1
CI 5.6 / 14.4
SE 2.201
8.5
CI 4.8 / 14.5
SE 2.382
8.5
CI 4.6 / 14.9
SE 2.530
4.9
CI 2.1 / 11.1
SE 2.099


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Age group









18-44 7.4
CI 6.2 / 8.7
SE 0.637
8.9
CI 7.6 / 10.5
SE 0.735
7.1
CI 6.0 / 8.3
SE 0.581
7.8
CI 6.5 / 9.3
SE 0.705


   18-24 5.9
CI 5.0 / 6.9
SE 0.480
6.1
CI 5.2 / 7.2
SE 0.511
5.7
CI 4.7 / 6.8
SE 0.543
6.2
CI 5.1 / 7.6
SE 0.643


   25-44 8.3
CI 6.6 / 10.4
SE 0.975
10.6
CI 8.6 / 13.1
SE 1.14
8.0
CI 6.5 / 9.9
SE 0.870
8.8
CI 6.9 / 11.1
SE 1.055


45-64 11.1
CI 7.6 / 16.1
SE 2.140
9.4
CI 6.6 / 13.0
SE 1.612
14.4
CI 10.7 / 19.2
SE 2.141
11.0
CI 7.8 / 15.4
SE 1.923


   55-64 DSU

6.6
CI 2.9 / 14.4
SE 2.717
DSU

15.3
CI 8.9 / 25.2
SE 4.114


   45-54 12.8
CI 8.5 / 18.8
SE 2.592
11.0
CI 7.4 / 16.1
SE 2.189
17.3
CI 12.8 / 23.1
SE 2.606
8.8
CI 5.6 / 13.5
SE 1.968


12-17 6.2
CI 4.7 / 8.2
SE 0.880
8.2
CI 6.3 / 10.5
SE 1.06
6.1
CI 4.5 / 8.3
SE 0.971
6.4
CI 4.6 / 8.9
SE 1.063


65 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   85 and over DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   65-74 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   75-84 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Educational attainment (25 years and over)









4-year college degree 3.7
CI 1.7 / 7.9
SE 1.466
4.2
CI 2.1 / 8.4
SE 1.507
2.9
CI 1.4 / 6.3
SE 1.154
4.9
CI 2.2 / 10.8
SE 2.030


Some college 8.8
CI 5.6 / 13.5
SE 1.972
11.3
CI 8.1 / 15.5
SE 1.863
11.8
CI 8.3 / 16.3
SE 2.009
10.0
CI 7.0 / 14.1
SE 1.784


High school 10.9
CI 7.7 / 15.1
SE 1.851
12.7
CI 9.1 / 17.5
SE 2.114
13.0
CI 9.7 / 17.1
SE 1.883
9.9
CI 6.8 / 14.3
SE 1.881


Advanced degree 3.1
CI 1.0 / 9.3
SE 1.776
6.0
CI 3.2 / 11.0
SE 1.897
0.8
CI 0.3 / 2.3
SE 0.434
4.7
CI 2.2 / 9.7
SE 1.786


< High school 17.3
CI 12.1 / 24.0
SE 3.020
11.1
CI 7.5 / 16.2
SE 2.206
16.2
CI 11.2 / 22.8
SE 2.937
17.0
CI 12.1 / 23.5
SE 2.913


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









100-199 10.1
CI 7.4 / 13.5
SE 1.549
11.8
CI 8.8 / 15.7
SE 1.748
11.2
CI 8.8 / 14.3
SE 1.402
10.4
CI 7.8 / 13.7
SE 1.504


400-599 5.2
CI 3.4 / 8.1
SE 1.170
5.4
CI 3.7 / 7.8
SE 1.026
4.0
CI 2.5 / 6.4
SE 0.978
5.1
CI 3.1 / 8.3
SE 1.267


600+ 6.8
CI 3.8 / 12.0
SE 2.022
3.9
CI 2.2 / 7.1
SE 1.190
4.5
CI 2.7 / 7.2
SE 1.105
3.4
CI 1.7 / 6.5
SE 1.134


<100 13.5
CI 10.3 / 17.4
SE 1.808
15.0
CI 11.6 / 19.1
SE 1.916
14.9
CI 11.1 / 19.8
SE 2.207
15.3
CI 11.7 / 19.7
SE 2.031


200-399 7.9
CI 5.6 / 10.8
SE 1.301
7.8
CI 5.9 / 10.3
SE 1.129
7.8
CI 5.7 / 10.6
SE 1.223
6.9
CI 5.0 / 9.5
SE 1.133


Country of birth









US 8.6
CI 7.3 / 10.1
SE 0.710
9.3
CI 8.1 / 10.8
SE 0.676
9.1
CI 7.8 / 10.6
SE 0.703
9.0
CI 7.7 / 10.6
SE 0.745


Outside US 5.2
CI 2.1 / 12.5
SE 2.393
4.1
CI 2.1 / 7.9
SE 1.383
3.2
CI 1.6 / 6.3
SE 1.107
3.2
CI 1.6 / 6.4
SE 1.144


Geographic location









Metropolitan 8.1
CI 6.7 / 9.8
SE 0.767
8.5
CI 7.3 / 10.0
SE 0.692
8.1
CI 6.8 / 9.6
SE 0.716
8.2
CI 6.9 / 9.7
SE 0.721


Non-metropolitan 8.6
CI 6.1 / 11.9
SE 1.455
10.2
CI 7.6 / 13.5
SE 1.484
11.3
CI 8.6 / 14.7
SE 1.536
10.3
CI 7.6 / 14.0
SE 1.616


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 8.2
CI 6.8 / 9.9
SE 0.801
7.9
CI 6.7 / 9.3
SE 0.677
8.1
CI 6.8 / 9.7
SE 0.733
8.1
CI 6.7 / 9.8
SE 0.772


   Private 7.0
CI 5.5 / 8.9
SE 0.856
4.9
CI 3.8 / 6.2
SE 0.592
4.9
CI 3.8 / 6.3
SE 0.630
5.3
CI 4.1 / 6.9
SE 0.701


   Public 13.4
CI 10.3 / 17.3
SE 1.778
17.1
CI 13.5 / 21.5
SE 2.045
16.9
CI 13.1 / 21.4
SE 2.117
18.2
CI 14.3 / 23.0
SE 2.216


Uninsured 7.9
CI 5.8 / 10.7
SE 1.225
12.2
CI 9.6 / 15.5
SE 1.494
10.5
CI 8.0 / 13.6
SE 1.406
9.6
CI 7.1 / 12.8
SE 1.439


Marital status









Divorced or separated 11.8
CI 8.0 / 17.0
SE 2.266
13.5
CI 9.8 / 18.2
SE 2.122
16.5
CI 12.1 / 22.1
SE 2.546
11.8
CI 8.1 / 16.9
SE 2.221


Never married 8.1
CI 6.8 / 9.6
SE 0.716
9.5
CI 7.9 / 11.3
SE 0.871
8.3
CI 7.0 / 9.8
SE 0.726
8.6
CI 7.1 / 10.4
SE 0.814


Married 6.5
CI 4.3 / 9.7
SE 1.360
5.1
CI 3.5 / 7.3
SE 0.960
5.2
CI 3.5 / 7.5
SE 0.994
6.7
CI 4.7 / 9.4
SE 1.186


Widowed DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Veteran status









Veteran 11.3
CI 6.7 / 18.5
SE 2.944
9.6
CI 5.8 / 15.5
SE 2.406
9.8
CI 5.6 / 16.5
SE 2.715
10.9
CI 6.4 / 17.9
SE 2.860


Non-veteran 8.1
CI 6.7 / 9.6
SE 0.729
8.8
CI 7.5 / 10.2
SE 0.686
8.6
CI 7.3 / 10.0
SE 0.684
8.3
CI 7.1 / 9.8
SE 0.695


Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Level I and II trauma centers implementing evidence-based alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention (number)

2020 Baseline (year): 325 (2009)
2020 Target: 358
Desired Direction: Increase
Populations 2009        
Total 325









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Cirrhosis deaths (age adjusted, per 100,000 population)

2020 Baseline (year): 9.1 (2007)
2020 Target: 8.2
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20071 2008 2009 2010  
Total 9.1
CI 9.0 / 9.2
SE 0.054
9.2
CI 9.1 / 9.3
SE 0.053
9.1
CI 9.0 / 9.2
SE 0.053
9.4
CI 9.3 / 9.5
SE 0.053


Sex









Female 5.9
CI 5.8 / 6.0
SE 0.059
6.0
CI 5.8 / 6.1
SE 0.059
6.1
CI 6.0 / 6.2
SE 0.059
6.2
CI 6.1 / 6.3
SE 0.06


Male 12.7
CI 12.5 / 12.8
SE 0.093
12.7
CI 12.5 / 12.9
SE 0.092
12.5
CI 12.3 / 12.7
SE 0.09
12.9
CI 12.7 / 13.1
SE 0.091


Race/Ethnicity









Asian or Pacific Islander 3.3
CI 2.9 / 3.6
SE 0.168
3.4
CI 3.1 / 3.7
SE 0.168
3.3
CI 3.0 / 3.6
SE 0.158
3.2
CI 2.9 / 3.6
SE 0.156


White 9.5
CI 9.3 / 9.6
SE 0.06
9.6
CI 9.5 / 9.7
SE 0.06
9.6
CI 9.5 / 9.7
SE 0.059
9.9
CI 9.8 / 10.0
SE 0.06


Not Hispanic or Latino 8.6
CI 8.5 / 8.7
SE 0.055
8.7
CI 8.6 / 8.8
SE 0.055
8.7
CI 8.6 / 8.8
SE 0.054
9.0
CI 8.9 / 9.1
SE 0.055


   White, not Hispanic or Latino 8.9
CI 8.8 / 9.0
SE 0.061
9.1
CI 8.9 / 9.2
SE 0.062
9.1
CI 8.9 / 9.2
SE 0.061
9.4
CI 9.3 / 9.5
SE 0.063


   Black or African American, not Hispanic or Latino 7.4
CI 7.1 / 7.7
SE 0.149
7.0
CI 6.7 / 7.2
SE 0.143
6.9
CI 6.6 / 7.2
SE 0.141
6.9
CI 6.7 / 7.2
SE 0.139


Hispanic or Latino 14.0
CI 13.6 / 14.5
SE 0.237
14.0
CI 13.6 / 14.5
SE 0.231
14.0
CI 13.6 / 14.5
SE 0.226
13.7
CI 13.2 / 14.1
SE 0.219


American Indian or Alaska Native 23.1
CI 21.3 / 24.9
SE 0.917
23.6
CI 21.8 / 25.4
SE 0.918
21.3
CI 19.7 / 23.0
SE 0.841
22.8
CI 21.1 / 24.5
SE 0.853


Black or African American 7.2
CI 6.9 / 7.5
SE 0.145
6.8
CI 6.5 / 7.1
SE 0.139
6.8
CI 6.5 / 7.0
SE 0.137
6.7
CI 6.5 / 7.0
SE 0.135


Age group† §









45-64 21.0
CI 20.7 / 21.4
SE 0.165
21.3
CI 21.0 / 21.6
SE 0.165
21.8
CI 21.5 / 22.2
SE 0.165
22.6
CI 22.3 / 22.9
SE 0.167


   55-64 24.2
CI 23.6 / 24.7
SE 0.27
25.0
CI 24.4 / 25.5
SE 0.27
25.9
CI 25.3 / 26.4
SE 0.27
26.8
CI 26.2 / 27.3
SE 0.271


   45-54 18.7
CI 18.3 / 19.1
SE 0.206
18.5
CI 18.1 / 18.9
SE 0.204
18.7
CI 18.3 / 19.1
SE 0.204
19.2
CI 18.8 / 19.6
SE 0.207


65 and over 26.3
CI 25.8 / 26.8
SE 0.264
26.3
CI 25.8 / 26.8
SE 0.26
25.4
CI 24.9 / 25.9
SE 0.253
26.2
CI 25.7 / 26.7
SE 0.255


   85 and over 21.7
CI 20.4 / 23.0
SE 0.656
21.9
CI 20.6 / 23.2
SE 0.649
21.1
CI 19.9 / 22.4
SE 0.627
21.8
CI 20.5 / 23.0
SE 0.629


   75-84 28.2
CI 27.3 / 29.1
SE 0.464
28.0
CI 27.1 / 28.9
SE 0.463
27.2
CI 26.3 / 28.1
SE 0.457
27.7
CI 26.8 / 28.6
SE 0.461


   65-74 26.2
CI 25.5 / 26.9
SE 0.365
26.3
CI 25.6 / 27.0
SE 0.358
25.4
CI 24.7 / 26.0
SE 0.346
26.3
CI 25.7 / 27.0
SE 0.348


<18 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   0-4 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   12-17 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



   5-11 DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



18-44 2.7
CI 2.6 / 2.8
SE 0.049
2.7
CI 2.6 / 2.8
SE 0.049
2.6
CI 2.5 / 2.7
SE 0.048
2.6
CI 2.5 / 2.7
SE 0.048


   18-24 0.1
CI 0.1 / 0.1
SE 0.018
0.1
CI 0.0 / 0.1
SE 0.016
0.1
CI 0.0 / 0.1
SE 0.015
0.1
CI 0.1 / 0.1
SE 0.019


   25-44 3.6
CI 3.5 / 3.7
SE 0.066
3.6
CI 3.5 / 3.8
SE 0.066
3.6
CI 3.4 / 3.7
SE 0.066
3.5
CI 3.4 / 3.7
SE 0.066


Country of birth









Outside US 6.4
CI 6.2 / 6.7
SE 0.125
DSU

6.7
CI 6.5 / 6.9
SE 0.124
6.6
CI 6.3 / 6.8
SE 0.121


US 9.4
CI 9.3 / 9.5
SE 0.059
DSU

9.3
CI 9.1 / 9.4
SE 0.058
9.7
CI 9.6 / 9.9
SE 0.059


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 9.7
CI 9.4 / 10.0
SE 0.13
9.8
CI 9.6 / 10.1
SE 0.13
9.9
CI 9.6 / 10.2
SE 0.131
10.2
CI 9.9 / 10.5
SE 0.132


Metropolitan 9.0
CI 8.9 / 9.1
SE 0.059
9.0
CI 8.9 / 9.1
SE 0.059
9.0
CI 8.8 / 9.1
SE 0.058
9.2
CI 9.1 / 9.3
SE 0.058


Marital status (25 years and over)









Divorced 29.6
CI 28.9 / 30.3
SE 0.357
DSU

29.0
CI 28.3 / 29.6
SE 0.341
26.7
CI 26.2 / 27.3
SE 0.302


Widowed 20.2
CI 19.0 / 21.5
SE 0.647
DSU

22.0
CI 20.5 / 23.5
SE 0.777
24.0
CI 22.1 / 25.9
SE 0.946


Never married 23.1
CI 22.3 / 23.9
SE 0.397
DSU

23.4
CI 22.6 / 24.1
SE 0.376
22.2
CI 21.5 / 22.9
SE 0.343


Married 9.0
CI 8.8 / 9.2
SE 0.085
DSU

8.7
CI 8.5 / 8.9
SE 0.083
9.3
CI 9.2 / 9.5
SE 0.086


Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Drug-induced deaths (age adjusted, per 100,000 population)

2020 Baseline (year): 12.6 (2007)
2020 Target: 11.3
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20071 2008 2009 2010  
Total 12.6
CI 12.5 / 12.8
SE 0.065
12.6
CI 12.5 / 12.7
SE 0.065
12.6
CI 12.5 / 12.7
SE 0.064
12.9
CI 12.8 / 13.1
SE 0.065


Sex









Female 9.3
CI 9.2 / 9.5
SE 0.078
9.4
CI 9.2 / 9.5
SE 0.078
9.5
CI 9.4 / 9.7
SE 0.079
10.0
CI 9.9 / 10.2
SE 0.08


Male 16.0
CI 15.8 / 16.2
SE 0.104
15.8
CI 15.6 / 16.0
SE 0.103
15.7
CI 15.5 / 15.9
SE 0.102
15.9
CI 15.6 / 16.1
SE 0.103


Race/Ethnicity









Not Hispanic or Latino 13.7
CI 13.5 / 13.8
SE 0.073
13.7
CI 13.5 / 13.8
SE 0.073
13.7
CI 13.6 / 13.9
SE 0.073
14.2
CI 14.0 / 14.3
SE 0.075


   Black or African American, not Hispanic or Latino 11.2
CI 10.8 / 11.5
SE 0.175
9.6
CI 9.2 / 9.9
SE 0.161
9.4
CI 9.1 / 9.7
SE 0.158
9.0
CI 8.7 / 9.3
SE 0.154


   White, not Hispanic or Latino 15.2
CI 15.1 / 15.4
SE 0.088
15.6
CI 15.4 / 15.7
SE 0.089
15.7
CI 15.5 / 15.8
SE 0.09
16.4
CI 16.2 / 16.6
SE 0.092


American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8
CI 9.7 / 11.9
SE 0.569
11.7
CI 10.6 / 12.8
SE 0.561
12.6
CI 11.5 / 13.7
SE 0.577
11.4
CI 10.3 / 12.5
SE 0.546


Black or African American 10.9
CI 10.5 / 11.2
SE 0.169
9.3
CI 9.0 / 9.6
SE 0.155
9.1
CI 8.8 / 9.4
SE 0.152
8.7
CI 8.4 / 9.0
SE 0.147


White 13.8
CI 13.7 / 13.9
SE 0.076
14.0
CI 13.9 / 14.2
SE 0.076
14.0
CI 13.9 / 14.2
SE 0.076
14.6
CI 14.4 / 14.7
SE 0.078


Hispanic or Latino 6.6
CI 6.3 / 6.8
SE 0.131
6.4
CI 6.2 / 6.7
SE 0.127
6.4
CI 6.1 / 6.6
SE 0.125
6.1
CI 5.9 / 6.4
SE 0.121


Asian or Pacific Islander 1.9
CI 1.7 / 2.1
SE 0.112
1.8
CI 1.6 / 2.0
SE 0.106
2.1
CI 1.9 / 2.4
SE 0.116
2.0
CI 1.8 / 2.3
SE 0.111


Age group† §









18-44 17.8
CI 17.6 / 18.1
SE 0.126
17.5
CI 17.2 / 17.7
SE 0.125
17.2
CI 17.0 / 17.5
SE 0.124
17.9
CI 17.7 / 18.2
SE 0.126


   18-24 11.3
CI 10.9 / 11.7
SE 0.195
11.0
CI 10.6 / 11.4
SE 0.191
10.6
CI 10.2 / 11.0
SE 0.186
11.1
CI 10.8 / 11.5
SE 0.191


   25-44 20.1
CI 19.8 / 20.4
SE 0.156
19.9
CI 19.6 / 20.2
SE 0.155
19.7
CI 19.4 / 20.0
SE 0.155
20.4
CI 20.1 / 20.7
SE 0.158


65 and over 4.4
CI 4.2 / 4.6
SE 0.108
4.8
CI 4.5 / 5.0
SE 0.111
5.0
CI 4.8 / 5.3
SE 0.113
4.9
CI 4.7 / 5.1
SE 0.11


   85 and over 5.2
CI 4.6 / 5.9
SE 0.322
5.0
CI 4.4 / 5.6
SE 0.31
5.1
CI 4.5 / 5.7
SE 0.309
5.5
CI 4.9 / 6.1
SE 0.317


   75-84 3.9
CI 3.5 / 4.2
SE 0.172
4.0
CI 3.6 / 4.3
SE 0.174
4.5
CI 4.1 / 4.9
SE 0.186
4.0
CI 3.6 / 4.3
SE 0.175


   65-74 4.6
CI 4.3 / 4.9
SE 0.153
5.2
CI 4.9 / 5.5
SE 0.159
5.4
CI 5.0 / 5.7
SE 0.159
5.2
CI 4.9 / 5.5
SE 0.155


45-64 21.1
CI 20.8 / 21.4
SE 0.165
21.2
CI 20.9 / 21.6
SE 0.164
21.6
CI 21.3 / 21.9
SE 0.164
21.9
CI 21.6 / 22.2
SE 0.164


   55-64 13.4
CI 13.0 / 13.8
SE 0.201
14.0
CI 13.6 / 14.4
SE 0.202
14.9
CI 14.5 / 15.3
SE 0.205
16.2
CI 15.8 / 16.6
SE 0.211


   45-54 26.8
CI 26.4 / 27.3
SE 0.247
26.8
CI 26.3 / 27.3
SE 0.246
26.9
CI 26.4 / 27.4
SE 0.245
26.5
CI 26.0 / 27.0
SE 0.243


<18 0.6
CI 0.6 / 0.7
SE 0.029
0.6
CI 0.5 / 0.6
SE 0.027
0.5
CI 0.4 / 0.5
SE 0.026
0.5
CI 0.5 / 0.6
SE 0.026


   0-4 0.4
CI 0.3 / 0.5
SE 0.044
0.4
CI 0.3 / 0.5
SE 0.043
0.4
CI 0.3 / 0.4
SE 0.042
0.3
CI 0.2 / 0.4
SE 0.04


   12-17 1.4
CI 1.2 / 1.5
SE 0.072
1.2
CI 1.1 / 1.4
SE 0.069
1.1
CI 1.0 / 1.2
SE 0.066
1.2
CI 1.0 / 1.3
SE 0.068


   5-11 0.1
CI 0.0 / 0.1
SE 0.017
DSU

DSU

DSU



Country of birth









Outside US 3.2
CI 3.0 / 3.3
SE 0.084
DSU

3.1
CI 2.9 / 3.2
SE 0.081
2.9
CI 2.7 / 3.0
SE 0.083


US 14.3
CI 14.2 / 14.5
SE 0.076
DSU

14.0
CI 13.8 / 14.1
SE 0.075
14.9
CI 14.7 / 15.0
SE 0.077


Geographic location









Metropolitan 12.6
CI 12.5 / 12.7
SE 0.071
12.5
CI 12.4 / 12.6
SE 0.07
12.5
CI 12.3 / 12.6
SE 0.07
12.7
CI 12.5 / 12.8
SE 0.07


Non-metropolitan 13.0
CI 12.7 / 13.4
SE 0.167
13.3
CI 13.0 / 13.6
SE 0.169
13.7
CI 13.4 / 14.0
SE 0.171
14.4
CI 14.1 / 14.8
SE 0.176


Marital status (25 years and over)









Never married 33.1
CI 32.4 / 33.8
SE 0.36
DSU

31.8
CI 31.1 / 32.4
SE 0.34
29.7
CI 29.1 / 30.3
SE 0.31


Married 8.2
CI 8.0 / 8.3
SE 0.08
DSU

8.0
CI 7.9 / 8.2
SE 0.08
8.8
CI 8.6 / 9.0
SE 0.087


Widowed 37.1
CI 34.0 / 40.2
SE 1.581
DSU

35.3
CI 32.1 / 38.6
SE 1.662
40.1
CI 36.5 / 43.8
SE 1.867


Divorced 43.0
CI 42.0 / 43.9
SE 0.466
DSU

42.0
CI 41.1 / 42.9
SE 0.458
39.7
CI 38.8 / 40.5
SE 0.423


Footnotes View Footnotes

† Target is not applicable for this population group.

§ This population group is not age adjusted.

1Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents using alcohol or illicit drugs in past 30 days (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 18.4 (2008)
2020 Target: 16.6
Desired Direction:

Adolescents using alcohol or illicit drugs in past 30 days (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 18.4 (2008)
2020 Target: 16.61
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 18.4
CI 17.8 / 19.1
SE 0.329
19.2
CI 18.6 / 19.9
SE 0.352
18.1
CI 17.3 / 18.8
SE 0.370
18.0
CI 17.2 / 18.7
SE 0.366


Sex









Female 18.8
CI 17.8 / 19.7
SE 0.487
18.5
CI 17.6 / 19.5
SE 0.490
17.9
CI 17.0 / 19.0
SE 0.514
17.6
CI 16.6 / 18.5
SE 0.490


Male 18.0
CI 17.2 / 18.9
SE 0.449
19.9
CI 19.0 / 20.9
SE 0.489
18.2
CI 17.2 / 19.2
SE 0.514
18.3
CI 17.4 / 19.3
SE 0.502


Race/Ethnicity









Hispanic or Latino 18.5
CI 16.8 / 20.3
SE 0.885
20.2
CI 18.4 / 22.1
SE 0.949
18.9
CI 17.1 / 20.8
SE 0.947
17.9
CI 16.3 / 19.5
SE 0.817


Asian only 7.4
CI 5.2 / 10.5
SE 1.309
10.0
CI 7.5 / 13.3
SE 1.483
6.8
CI 4.7 / 9.7
SE 1.270
10.3
CI 7.8 / 13.4
SE 1.417


Not Hispanic or Latino 18.4
CI 17.7 / 19.1
SE 0.353
19.0
CI 18.3 / 19.8
SE 0.375
17.9
CI 17.1 / 18.6
SE 0.394
18.0
CI 17.2 / 18.8
SE 0.399


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 14.5
CI 13.1 / 16.1
SE 0.758
17.7
CI 16.1 / 19.5
SE 0.870
17.2
CI 15.5 / 18.9
SE 0.858
17.2
CI 15.4 / 19.2
SE 0.961


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 20.0
CI 19.2 / 20.9
SE 0.435
19.8
CI 19.0 / 20.7
SE 0.444
18.8
CI 17.9 / 19.7
SE 0.468
18.4
CI 17.5 / 19.4
SE 0.464


Black or African American only 14.9
CI 13.4 / 16.5
SE 0.769
17.8
CI 16.2 / 19.5
SE 0.850
17.0
CI 15.5 / 18.7
SE 0.827
17.4
CI 15.6 / 19.3
SE 0.940


White only 19.6
CI 18.8 / 20.4
SE 0.399
19.9
CI 19.1 / 20.7
SE 0.412
18.8
CI 18.0 / 19.7
SE 0.436
18.2
CI 17.4 / 19.1
SE 0.417


American Indian or Alaska Native only 23.3
CI 18.9 / 28.5
SE 2.444
19.8
CI 16.8 / 23.3
SE 1.646
19.3
CI 16.3 / 22.8
SE 1.660
20.2
CI 16.8 / 24.2
SE 1.886


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

14.5
CI 8.7 / 23.1
SE 3.614


2 or more races 18.4
CI 14.9 / 22.6
SE 1.956
22.0
CI 17.9 / 26.8
SE 2.262
20.2
CI 16.5 / 24.5
SE 2.039
25.1
CI 21.1 / 29.6
SE 2.184


Age group









14-15 17.2
CI 16.2 / 18.4
SE 0.562
17.7
CI 16.6 / 18.8
SE 0.550
16.7
CI 15.5 / 17.9
SE 0.594
16.0
CI 14.9 / 17.2
SE 0.582


16-17 30.8
CI 29.5 / 32.2
SE 0.694
32.3
CI 31.0 / 33.6
SE 0.662
30.3
CI 28.9 / 31.7
SE 0.722
31.8
CI 30.4 / 33.2
SE 0.696


12-13 5.8
CI 5.1 / 6.5
SE 0.353
6.1
CI 5.4 / 7.0
SE 0.388
6.5
CI 5.8 / 7.4
SE 0.401
5.1
CI 4.4 / 5.8
SE 0.36


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









200-399 19.2
CI 18.0 / 20.5
SE 0.654
19.1
CI 17.9 / 20.4
SE 0.629
18.7
CI 17.4 / 20.0
SE 0.671
18.2
CI 17.0 / 19.5
SE 0.623


400-599 18.2
CI 16.8 / 19.6
SE 0.710
17.9
CI 16.6 / 19.2
SE 0.671
16.7
CI 15.3 / 18.2
SE 0.734
17.3
CI 15.9 / 18.8
SE 0.748


600+ 27.4
CI 24.1 / 31.0
SE 1.775
24.9
CI 21.5 / 28.7
SE 1.826
25.6
CI 22.2 / 29.2
SE 1.781
23.1
CI 19.7 / 26.9
SE 1.821


<100 15.9
CI 14.4 / 17.4
SE 0.777
19.6
CI 18.0 / 21.4
SE 0.878
17.5
CI 15.9 / 19.2
SE 0.836
17.9
CI 16.4 / 19.4
SE 0.753


100-199 17.5
CI 16.3 / 18.9
SE 0.678
19.6
CI 18.1 / 21.1
SE 0.765
17.8
CI 16.4 / 19.2
SE 0.690
17.3
CI 15.9 / 18.7
SE 0.720


Country of birth









US 18.6
CI 18.0 / 19.3
SE 0.336
19.6
CI 18.9 / 20.3
SE 0.366
18.5
CI 17.8 / 19.3
SE 0.385
18.3
CI 17.5 / 19.0
SE 0.379


Outside US 15.0
CI 12.6 / 17.7
SE 1.304
14.7
CI 12.0 / 17.9
SE 1.489
12.0
CI 9.9 / 14.4
SE 1.141
13.7
CI 11.4 / 16.4
SE 1.275


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 18.0
CI 16.7 / 19.4
SE 0.686
18.5
CI 17.1 / 20.0
SE 0.751
16.6
CI 14.9 / 18.4
SE 0.881
16.9
CI 15.4 / 18.4
SE 0.761


Metropolitan 18.5
CI 17.7 / 19.2
SE 0.374
19.4
CI 18.6 / 20.2
SE 0.391
18.3
CI 17.5 / 19.2
SE 0.418
18.2
CI 17.4 / 19.0
SE 0.410


Health insurance status









Insured 18.4
CI 17.7 / 19.1
SE 0.350
19.0
CI 18.3 / 19.8
SE 0.369
17.9
CI 17.2 / 18.7
SE 0.371
17.7
CI 17.0 / 18.4
SE 0.376


   Public 16.8
CI 15.7 / 18.0
SE 0.586
19.9
CI 18.6 / 21.2
SE 0.652
18.1
CI 17.0 / 19.3
SE 0.595
17.9
CI 16.8 / 19.1
SE 0.586


   Private 19.1
CI 18.2 / 19.9
SE 0.429
18.6
CI 17.7 / 19.4
SE 0.430
17.7
CI 16.8 / 18.6
SE 0.458
17.8
CI 16.9 / 18.7
SE 0.472


Uninsured 18.8
CI 16.5 / 21.4
SE 1.234
21.8
CI 19.3 / 24.5
SE 1.335
19.8
CI 16.7 / 23.3
SE 1.672
21.5
CI 18.9 / 24.3
SE 1.382


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adolescents using marijuana in past 30 days (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 6.7 (2008)
2020 Target: 6.0
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011  
Total 6.7
CI 6.3 / 7.1
SE 0.218
7.4
CI 6.9 / 7.8
SE 0.238
7.4
CI 6.9 / 7.9
SE 0.255
7.9
CI 7.4 / 8.4
SE 0.243


Sex









Female 6.1
CI 5.5 / 6.7
SE 0.316
6.3
CI 5.7 / 6.9
SE 0.302
6.4
CI 5.8 / 7.1
SE 0.339
6.7
CI 6.1 / 7.3
SE 0.313


Male 7.3
CI 6.7 / 7.9
SE 0.301
8.4
CI 7.7 / 9.1
SE 0.356
8.4
CI 7.7 / 9.1
SE 0.374
9.0
CI 8.3 / 9.7
SE 0.357


Race/Ethnicity









2 or more races 9.9
CI 7.2 / 13.5
SE 1.599
9.4
CI 6.8 / 12.8
SE 1.523
8.4
CI 6.2 / 11.2
SE 1.246
13.7
CI 10.6 / 17.6
SE 1.766


Hispanic or Latino 6.1
CI 5.1 / 7.4
SE 0.588
8.1
CI 7.0 / 9.5
SE 0.634
8.0
CI 6.8 / 9.3
SE 0.622
7.7
CI 6.6 / 9.0
SE 0.599


Black or African American only 6.1
CI 5.1 / 7.2
SE 0.542
7.5
CI 6.4 / 8.8
SE 0.613
7.4
CI 6.4 / 8.6
SE 0.552
8.5
CI 7.2 / 10.1
SE 0.734


Asian only 1.0
CI 0.5 / 2.0
SE 0.350
2.9
CI 1.7 / 5.0
SE 0.816
2.6
CI 1.4 / 4.8
SE 0.805
3.7
CI 2.2 / 6.2
SE 0.987


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

2.3
CI 1.1 / 4.6
SE 0.828
5.9
CI 2.4 / 13.5
SE 2.590


Not Hispanic or Latino 6.8
CI 6.4 / 7.3
SE 0.232
7.2
CI 6.7 / 7.7
SE 0.245
7.3
CI 6.7 / 7.8
SE 0.268
7.9
CI 7.4 / 8.4
SE 0.263


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 7.3
CI 6.7 / 7.8
SE 0.282
7.3
CI 6.8 / 7.9
SE 0.280
7.5
CI 6.9 / 8.2
SE 0.311
7.9
CI 7.3 / 8.5
SE 0.300


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 5.8
CI 4.9 / 6.9
SE 0.514
7.3
CI 6.2 / 8.7
SE 0.626
7.5
CI 6.4 / 8.7
SE 0.575
8.2
CI 6.9 / 9.8
SE 0.724


White only 6.9
CI 6.5 / 7.5
SE 0.257
7.5
CI 6.9 / 8.0
SE 0.278
7.6
CI 7.1 / 8.2
SE 0.295
7.8
CI 7.2 / 8.3
SE 0.276


American Indian or Alaska Native only 11.1
CI 7.7 / 15.8
SE 2.048
9.2
CI 7.2 / 11.8
SE 1.183
8.4
CI 6.4 / 11.0
SE 1.164
8.7
CI 6.7 / 11.3
SE 1.148


Age group









12-13 1.0
CI 0.7 / 1.4
SE 0.167
0.8
CI 0.6 / 1.2
SE 0.153
0.9
CI 0.6 / 1.2
SE 0.149
1.3
CI 1.0 / 1.8
SE 0.203


14-15 5.8
CI 5.1 / 6.5
SE 0.347
6.3
CI 5.7 / 7.1
SE 0.356
6.5
CI 5.8 / 7.3
SE 0.401
6.7
CI 6.0 / 7.5
SE 0.386


16-17 12.8
CI 11.9 / 13.7
SE 0.473
14.1
CI 13.1 / 15.2
SE 0.516
14.4
CI 13.3 / 15.5
SE 0.539
15.1
CI 14.1 / 16.1
SE 0.526


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









200-399 6.4
CI 5.7 / 7.2
SE 0.388
7.1
CI 6.3 / 7.9
SE 0.410
6.7
CI 5.9 / 7.6
SE 0.422
7.6
CI 6.8 / 8.5
SE 0.418


600+ 10.1
CI 8.1 / 12.5
SE 1.106
12.0
CI 9.3 / 15.3
SE 1.517
10.3
CI 8.1 / 13.0
SE 1.244
9.7
CI 7.4 / 12.6
SE 1.302


<100 7.2
CI 6.1 / 8.3
SE 0.560
8.1
CI 7.0 / 9.4
SE 0.608
8.1
CI 7.0 / 9.3
SE 0.603
8.2
CI 7.0 / 9.4
SE 0.610


100-199 6.5
CI 5.6 / 7.4
SE 0.444
7.0
CI 6.2 / 8.0
SE 0.470
7.3
CI 6.4 / 8.2
SE 0.455
8.3
CI 7.4 / 9.4
SE 0.514


400-599 6.3
CI 5.4 / 7.3
SE 0.478
6.7
CI 5.9 / 7.6
SE 0.435
7.3
CI 6.4 / 8.5
SE 0.541
7.1
CI 6.2 / 8.2
SE 0.522


Country of birth









Outside US 4.3
CI 3.1 / 5.9
SE 0.689
3.7
CI 2.3 / 5.7
SE 0.84
4.1
CI 2.9 / 5.7
SE 0.700
4.2
CI 3.0 / 5.8
SE 0.725


US 6.9
CI 6.4 / 7.3
SE 0.228
7.6
CI 7.2 / 8.1
SE 0.252
7.6
CI 7.1 / 8.2
SE 0.264
8.2
CI 7.7 / 8.7
SE 0.257


Geographic location









Metropolitan 7.0
CI 6.5 / 7.5
SE 0.253
7.7
CI 7.2 / 8.2
SE 0.266
7.7
CI 7.2 / 8.3
SE 0.281
8.2
CI 7.6 / 8.7
SE 0.276


Non-metropolitan 5.1
CI 4.4 / 5.9
SE 0.388
5.7
CI 4.8 / 6.7
SE 0.466
5.9
CI 5.0 / 6.9
SE 0.497
6.3
CI 5.5 / 7.3
SE 0.476


Health insurance status









Insured 6.7
CI 6.2 / 7.1
SE 0.230
7.4
CI 6.9 / 7.9
SE 0.252
7.3
CI 6.8 / 7.8
SE 0.257
7.8
CI 7.3 / 8.3
SE 0.254


   Public 6.5
CI 5.8 / 7.3
SE 0.376
8.7
CI 7.8 / 9.6
SE 0.474
8.0
CI 7.3 / 8.9
SE 0.416
8.7
CI 7.9 / 9.6
SE 0.442


   Private 6.8
CI 6.2 / 7.3
SE 0.282
6.7
CI 6.2 / 7.3
SE 0.278
6.9
CI 6.3 / 7.5
SE 0.302
7.3
CI 6.7 / 8.0
SE 0.306


Uninsured 7.0
CI 5.7 / 8.7
SE 0.763
7.3
CI 5.9 / 8.9
SE 0.752
8.9
CI 7.0 / 11.1
SE 1.045
8.8
CI 7.1 / 10.9
SE 0.954


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adults using any illicit drug in past 30 days (percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 7.9 (2008)
2020 Target: 7.1
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008 2009 2010 2011  
Total 7.9
CI 7.6 / 8.3
SE 0.188
8.6
CI 8.2 / 9.0
SE 0.197
8.8
CI 8.4 / 9.2
SE 0.210
8.6
CI 8.2 / 9.0
SE 0.195


Sex









Male 9.9
CI 9.4 / 10.5
SE 0.289
10.9
CI 10.3 / 11.6
SE 0.319
11.3
CI 10.6 / 12.0
SE 0.343
11.1
CI 10.5 / 11.7
SE 0.300


Female 6.0
CI 5.6 / 6.5
SE 0.212
6.4
CI 6.0 / 6.8
SE 0.206
6.5
CI 6.0 / 6.9
SE 0.217
6.2
CI 5.8 / 6.7
SE 0.212


Race/Ethnicity









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 7.1
CI 4.2 / 11.9
SE 1.898
DSU

5.4
CI 2.9 / 9.9
SE 1.716
11.1
CI 6.1 / 19.4
SE 3.301


Black or African American only 10.3
CI 9.1 / 11.6
SE 0.623
9.5
CI 8.4 / 10.6
SE 0.561
10.8
CI 9.5 / 12.1
SE 0.656
10.2
CI 9.2 / 11.3
SE 0.533


Not Hispanic or Latino 8.3
CI 7.9 / 8.7
SE 0.208
8.7
CI 8.3 / 9.2
SE 0.216
9.0
CI 8.6 / 9.5
SE 0.230
8.6
CI 8.2 / 9.1
SE 0.209


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 10.3
CI 9.1 / 11.6
SE 0.637
9.5
CI 8.5 / 10.7
SE 0.572
10.7
CI 9.5 / 12.1
SE 0.671
9.9
CI 8.9 / 11.0
SE 0.536


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 8.1
CI 7.7 / 8.6
SE 0.226
8.8
CI 8.3 / 9.3
SE 0.247
9.0
CI 8.5 / 9.5
SE 0.253
8.7
CI 8.2 / 9.1
SE 0.235


White only 7.7
CI 7.3 / 8.1
SE 0.202
8.5
CI 8.1 / 9.0
SE 0.220
8.8
CI 8.3 / 9.2
SE 0.230
8.5
CI 8.1 / 8.9
SE 0.217


2 or more races 13.9
CI 9.6 / 19.7
SE 2.563
14.8
CI 11.6 / 18.8
SE 1.834
12.1
CI 9.7 / 14.9
SE 1.332
13.0
CI 10.3 / 16.2
SE 1.495


American Indian or Alaska Native only 7.5
CI 5.9 / 9.5
SE 0.899
12.7
CI 9.5 / 16.8
SE 1.849
9.4
CI 7.2 / 12.1
SE 1.231
10.3
CI 8.0 / 13.1
SE 1.309


Hispanic or Latino 5.8
CI 5.0 / 6.6
SE 0.405
7.4
CI 6.5 / 8.4
SE 0.478
7.6
CI 6.6 / 8.6
SE 0.502
8.1
CI 7.2 / 9.1
SE 0.498


Asian only 3.7
CI 2.3 / 5.9
SE 0.884
3.7
CI 2.8 / 4.9
SE 0.526
3.4
CI 2.4 / 4.8
SE 0.590
3.8
CI 2.9 / 5.1
SE 0.554


Age group









65 and over 1.0
CI 0.6 / 1.7
SE 0.252
0.9
CI 0.5 / 1.6
SE 0.273
1.1
CI 0.7 / 1.7
SE 0.250
1.0
CI 0.6 / 1.5
SE 0.212


   65-74 1.0
CI 0.5 / 1.7
SE 0.284
1.2
CI 0.6 / 2.5
SE 0.437
1.5
CI 0.9 / 2.5
SE 0.392
1.3
CI 0.8 / 2.1
SE 0.315


   85 and over 0.1
CI 0.0 / 0.7
SE 0.104
DSU

1.1
CI 0.3 / 4.0
SE 0.728
0.6
CI 0.1 / 2.3
SE 0.412


   75-84 1.3
CI 0.6 / 2.9
SE 0.518
0.4
CI 0.1 / 1.7
SE 0.298
0.3
CI 0.1 / 0.9
SE 0.176
0.4
CI 0.1 / 1.6
SE 0.279


45-64 5.0
CI 4.3 / 5.7
SE 0.353
5.7
CI 5.1 / 6.4
SE 0.348
5.5
CI 4.9 / 6.2
SE 0.352
5.6
CI 5.0 / 6.3
SE 0.338


   55-64 4.1
CI 3.0 / 5.4
SE 0.593
4.3
CI 3.4 / 5.5
SE 0.522
3.4
CI 2.7 / 4.4
SE 0.429
4.4
CI 3.5 / 5.4
SE 0.476


   45-54 5.7
CI 4.9 / 6.6
SE 0.440
6.8
CI 5.9 / 7.7
SE 0.458
7.2
CI 6.2 / 8.3
SE 0.525
6.7
CI 5.8 / 7.6
SE 0.465


18-44 12.3
CI 11.8 / 12.9
SE 0.282
13.2
CI 12.7 / 13.8
SE 0.291
13.9
CI 13.3 / 14.5
SE 0.302
13.5
CI 12.9 / 14.1
SE 0.29


   18-24 20.3
CI 19.5 / 21.1
SE 0.416
21.8
CI 21.0 / 22.7
SE 0.426
22.1
CI 21.2 / 22.9
SE 0.427
21.9
CI 21.0 / 22.7
SE 0.446


   25-44 9.5
CI 8.8 / 10.1
SE 0.335
10.0
CI 9.4 / 10.7
SE 0.343
10.9
CI 10.2 / 11.6
SE 0.362
10.3
CI 9.7 / 11.0
SE 0.352


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









< High school 5.4
CI 4.6 / 6.3
SE 0.443
7.5
CI 6.5 / 8.7
SE 0.555
8.3
CI 7.1 / 9.6
SE 0.652
8.7
CI 7.6 / 9.9
SE 0.582


High school 6.6
CI 5.8 / 7.4
SE 0.396
6.7
CI 6.0 / 7.5
SE 0.371
6.1
CI 5.5 / 6.9
SE 0.354
6.4
CI 5.8 / 7.2
SE 0.347


Advanced degree 4.3
CI 3.5 / 5.3
SE 0.461
4.8
CI 3.8 / 5.9
SE 0.533
5.3
CI 4.5 / 6.4
SE 0.473
4.1
CI 3.3 / 5.0
SE 0.440


4-year college degree 5.7
CI 4.9 / 6.7
SE 0.454
6.0
CI 5.1 / 7.1
SE 0.488
5.9
CI 5.1 / 6.9
SE 0.472
5.7
CI 4.8 / 6.7
SE 0.469


Some college 7.2
CI 6.5 / 8.1
SE 0.422
7.2
CI 6.4 / 8.0
SE 0.402
8.2
CI 7.3 / 9.2
SE 0.482
7.7
CI 6.9 / 8.6
SE 0.433


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









200-399 8.0
CI 7.4 / 8.6
SE 0.318
8.0
CI 7.4 / 8.6
SE 0.308
8.3
CI 7.6 / 8.9
SE 0.325
7.9
CI 7.3 / 8.6
SE 0.316


<100 11.6
CI 10.5 / 12.7
SE 0.564
14.3
CI 13.0 / 15.7
SE 0.685
14.2
CI 13.0 / 15.5
SE 0.636
13.7
CI 12.6 / 15.0
SE 0.611


100-199 8.9
CI 8.0 / 9.9
SE 0.469
9.5
CI 8.7 / 10.4
SE 0.430
9.7
CI 8.8 / 10.6
SE 0.437
9.7
CI 8.9 / 10.5
SE 0.410


400-599 6.3
CI 5.6 / 7.1
SE 0.369
6.7
CI 6.0 / 7.5
SE 0.371
7.2
CI 6.4 / 8.1
SE 0.454
6.7
CI 6.0 / 7.4
SE 0.362


600+ 6.0
CI 5.2 / 7.0
SE 0.450
6.3
CI 5.4 / 7.4
SE 0.498
6.1
CI 5.2 / 7.1
SE 0.463
5.3
CI 4.5 / 6.4
SE 0.480


Country of birth









US 8.7
CI 8.3 / 9.2
SE 0.217
9.5
CI 9.0 / 9.9
SE 0.224
9.7
CI 9.3 / 10.2
SE 0.237
9.6
CI 9.1 / 10.0
SE 0.222


Outside US 3.5
CI 2.9 / 4.2
SE 0.341
3.6
CI 3.0 / 4.4
SE 0.350
3.5
CI 2.9 / 4.3
SE 0.342
3.5
CI 2.9 / 4.2
SE 0.319


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 6.2
CI 5.5 / 6.9
SE 0.377
7.2
CI 6.4 / 8.0
SE 0.412
7.4
CI 6.5 / 8.5
SE 0.510
7.0
CI 6.2 / 7.8
SE 0.382


Metropolitan 8.3
CI 7.9 / 8.7
SE 0.213
8.8
CI 8.4 / 9.3
SE 0.218
9.1
CI 8.6 / 9.5
SE 0.231
8.9
CI 8.4 / 9.3
SE 0.219


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 8.0
CI 7.6 / 8.5
SE 0.233
8.7
CI 8.3 / 9.2
SE 0.235
9.1
CI 8.6 / 9.6
SE 0.249
9.0
CI 8.5 / 9.4
SE 0.229


   Private 7.4
CI 7.0 / 7.9
SE 0.233
7.8
CI 7.4 / 8.3
SE 0.235
8.1
CI 7.6 / 8.6
SE 0.257
7.8
CI 7.4 / 8.3
SE 0.232


   Public 10.6
CI 9.5 / 11.9
SE 0.619
12.2
CI 11.1 / 13.4
SE 0.592
12.9
CI 11.7 / 14.2
SE 0.626
12.9
CI 11.8 / 14.1
SE 0.581


Uninsured 14.9
CI 13.8 / 16.2
SE 0.608
15.9
CI 14.7 / 17.1
SE 0.606
15.5
CI 14.4 / 16.6
SE 0.574
15.0
CI 13.9 / 16.2
SE 0.584


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Marital status









Never married 17.3
CI 16.5 / 18.2
SE 0.430
18.4
CI 17.6 / 19.3
SE 0.434
19.0
CI 18.1 / 19.9
SE 0.454
18.4
CI 17.6 / 19.3
SE 0.424


Widowed 1.8
CI 1.0 / 3.2
SE 0.527
1.4
CI 0.8 / 2.5
SE 0.403
2.7
CI 1.9 / 4.0
SE 0.528
2.2
CI 1.3 / 3.6
SE 0.573


Divorced or separated 8.3
CI 7.2 / 9.7
SE 0.641
9.1
CI 8.0 / 10.4
SE 0.621
8.5
CI 7.4 / 9.8
SE 0.615
9.6
CI 8.5 / 10.9
SE 0.604


Married 4.0
CI 3.6 / 4.5
SE 0.211
4.4
CI 3.9 / 4.8
SE 0.230
4.4
CI 4.0 / 4.9
SE 0.223
4.0
CI 3.7 / 4.4
SE 0.193


Veteran status









Veteran 5.8
CI 4.7 / 7.2
SE 0.648
5.2
CI 4.2 / 6.5
SE 0.579
5.7
CI 4.5 / 7.2
SE 0.684
4.5
CI 3.6 / 5.5
SE 0.486


Non-veteran 8.2
CI 7.8 / 8.6
SE 0.195
9.0
CI 8.6 / 9.4
SE 0.204
9.1
CI 8.7 / 9.6
SE 0.212
9.0
CI 8.6 / 9.4
SE 0.208


Footnotes View Footnotes

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Binge drinking in past 2 weeks—High school seniors (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 25.2 (2009)
2020 Target: 22.7
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Female









Male









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









White only 29.0
CI 27.2 / 30.8
SE 0.899








Hispanic or Latino 22.6
CI 20.7 / 24.5
SE 0.980








Black or African American only 12.0
CI 10.2 / 13.9
SE 0.929








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan









Metropolitan









Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation









Gender identity









Gender identity









Footnotes View Footnotes

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Binge drinking in past 2 weeks—College students (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 41.1 (2007)
2020 Target: 37.01
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2007        
Total 41.1









Sex









Male









Female









Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Binge drinking in past month—Adults (percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 27.1 (2008)
2020 Target: 24.41
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 27.1
CI 26.5 / 27.8
SE 0.338
27.6
CI 26.9 / 28.3
SE 0.361
27.0
CI 26.4 / 27.7
SE 0.341
26.7
CI 26.1 / 27.4
SE 0.326


Sex









Female 20.5
CI 19.7 / 21.2
SE 0.388
21.5
CI 20.7 / 22.3
SE 0.423
21.0
CI 20.2 / 21.9
SE 0.425
21.4
CI 20.6 / 22.2
SE 0.403


Male 34.3
CI 33.3 / 35.4
SE 0.542
34.1
CI 33.1 / 35.2
SE 0.552
33.4
CI 32.4 / 34.4
SE 0.516
32.5
CI 31.5 / 33.5
SE 0.508


Race/Ethnicity









Asian only 13.7
CI 11.2 / 16.6
SE 1.363
12.7
CI 10.6 / 15.1
SE 1.138
14.8
CI 12.3 / 17.6
SE 1.364
14.1
CI 11.8 / 16.8
SE 1.282


American Indian or Alaska Native only 29.8
CI 25.6 / 34.3
SE 2.216
26.5
CI 22.8 / 30.6
SE 1.971
27.4
CI 23.4 / 31.7
SE 2.108
28.8
CI 24.4 / 33.6
SE 2.336


Not Hispanic or Latino 26.8
CI 26.0 / 27.5
SE 0.365
27.4
CI 26.6 / 28.1
SE 0.383
26.7
CI 25.9 / 27.4
SE 0.364
26.5
CI 25.8 / 27.2
SE 0.353


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 24.9
CI 23.0 / 26.9
SE 1.006
23.6
CI 21.7 / 25.7
SE 1.013
23.5
CI 21.7 / 25.4
SE 0.951
22.8
CI 21.2 / 24.5
SE 0.856


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 27.9
CI 27.1 / 28.7
SE 0.422
28.9
CI 28.1 / 29.8
SE 0.434
28.0
CI 27.2 / 28.8
SE 0.406
28.0
CI 27.2 / 28.8
SE 0.411


White only 28.2
CI 27.4 / 29.0
SE 0.386
28.9
CI 28.1 / 29.8
SE 0.412
28.2
CI 27.5 / 29.0
SE 0.377
28.1
CI 27.3 / 28.8
SE 0.378


Black or African American only 24.8
CI 22.9 / 26.9
SE 0.996
23.7
CI 21.8 / 25.7
SE 0.998
23.6
CI 21.8 / 25.5
SE 0.944
23.0
CI 21.4 / 24.7
SE 0.840


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

28.1
CI 18.7 / 39.9
SE 5.456
DSU



Hispanic or Latino 29.7
CI 27.8 / 31.7
SE 1.002
28.9
CI 27.1 / 30.9
SE 0.980
29.3
CI 27.4 / 31.2
SE 0.990
28.4
CI 26.6 / 30.2
SE 0.915


2 or more races 25.8
CI 21.1 / 31.2
SE 2.566
29.6
CI 25.1 / 34.4
SE 2.370
26.5
CI 22.3 / 31.3
SE 2.300
24.5
CI 20.9 / 28.5
SE 1.940


Age group









18-44 37.1
CI 36.2 / 37.9
SE 0.426
37.5
CI 36.7 / 38.4
SE 0.448
37.3
CI 36.5 / 38.2
SE 0.435
36.6
CI 35.7 / 37.4
SE 0.428


   25-44 34.6
CI 33.6 / 35.7
SE 0.545
35.0
CI 33.9 / 36.1
SE 0.558
35.3
CI 34.2 / 36.4
SE 0.553
34.5
CI 33.5 / 35.6
SE 0.550


   18-24 43.8
CI 42.8 / 44.8
SE 0.526
44.4
CI 43.2 / 45.5
SE 0.578
42.7
CI 41.7 / 43.8
SE 0.545
41.9
CI 40.7 / 43.0
SE 0.596


45-64 21.8
CI 20.6 / 23.2
SE 0.652
21.9
CI 20.7 / 23.3
SE 0.657
22.0
CI 20.8 / 23.3
SE 0.654
21.8
CI 20.6 / 22.9
SE 0.587


   45-54 24.7
CI 23.0 / 26.4
SE 0.866
25.0
CI 23.4 / 26.6
SE 0.822
25.8
CI 24.2 / 27.5
SE 0.846
24.8
CI 23.2 / 26.5
SE 0.831


   55-64 18.0
CI 16.1 / 20.2
SE 1.046
18.0
CI 16.2 / 19.9
SE 0.959
17.4
CI 15.6 / 19.3
SE 0.961
18.1
CI 16.5 / 19.9
SE 0.880


65 and over 8.9
CI 7.5 / 10.4
SE 0.753
10.4
CI 8.8 / 12.2
SE 0.861
8.1
CI 6.9 / 9.6
SE 0.694
9.8
CI 8.6 / 11.2
SE 0.664


   65-74 11.8
CI 9.7 / 14.3
SE 1.156
13.1
CI 10.8 / 15.7
SE 1.243
10.4
CI 8.5 / 12.7
SE 1.056
12.3
CI 10.6 / 14.2
SE 0.918


   85 and over 3.6
CI 1.8 / 7.0
SE 1.237
3.5
CI 1.5 / 8.0
SE 1.511
3.4
CI 1.6 / 6.9
SE 1.252
3.9
CI 1.8 / 8.2
SE 1.511


   75-84 5.1
CI 3.7 / 7.2
SE 0.888
7.4
CI 5.3 / 10.3
SE 1.275
5.3
CI 3.7 / 7.5
SE 0.942
6.9
CI 5.0 / 9.3
SE 1.079


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









Some college 26.6
CI 25.1 / 28.2
SE 0.789
26.1
CI 24.7 / 27.7
SE 0.761
26.1
CI 24.7 / 27.6
SE 0.745
25.8
CI 24.5 / 27.2
SE 0.688


Advanced degree 19.0
CI 17.4 / 20.8
SE 0.866
21.1
CI 19.3 / 23.0
SE 0.954
22.8
CI 20.9 / 24.8
SE 0.975
20.0
CI 18.5 / 21.7
SE 0.834


4-year college degree 25.6
CI 23.8 / 27.5
SE 0.951
27.6
CI 25.6 / 29.7
SE 1.048
26.1
CI 24.3 / 28.0
SE 0.947
26.7
CI 24.9 / 28.7
SE 0.981


< High school 22.0
CI 20.2 / 23.9
SE 0.952
23.0
CI 21.1 / 25.0
SE 1.003
22.0
CI 20.2 / 23.8
SE 0.922
21.9
CI 20.3 / 23.7
SE 0.865


High school 26.7
CI 25.4 / 28.1
SE 0.674
26.0
CI 24.6 / 27.3
SE 0.686
25.0
CI 23.6 / 26.5
SE 0.732
25.7
CI 24.3 / 27.0
SE 0.684


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









600+ 27.0
CI 25.1 / 29.0
SE 0.981
27.2
CI 25.4 / 29.2
SE 0.970
27.9
CI 26.0 / 30.0
SE 1.009
24.7
CI 22.7 / 26.7
SE 1.020


100-199 24.9
CI 23.5 / 26.4
SE 0.731
26.1
CI 24.7 / 27.5
SE 0.720
25.0
CI 23.7 / 26.4
SE 0.689
25.4
CI 24.1 / 26.7
SE 0.676


200-399 28.1
CI 27.0 / 29.3
SE 0.595
27.7
CI 26.5 / 29.0
SE 0.626
26.9
CI 25.7 / 28.0
SE 0.585
26.6
CI 25.5 / 27.7
SE 0.568


400-599 27.4
CI 26.0 / 28.9
SE 0.732
28.4
CI 26.9 / 29.9
SE 0.776
28.4
CI 26.9 / 30.0
SE 0.791
28.5
CI 27.0 / 30.0
SE 0.746


<100 27.2
CI 25.5 / 28.9
SE 0.883
28.1
CI 26.4 / 29.9
SE 0.895
26.5
CI 24.9 / 28.3
SE 0.871
27.8
CI 26.1 / 29.6
SE 0.885


Country of birth









Outside US 20.7
CI 19.1 / 22.4
SE 0.850
19.2
CI 17.7 / 20.9
SE 0.814
19.0
CI 17.5 / 20.6
SE 0.781
19.5
CI 18.0 / 21.2
SE 0.825


US 28.3
CI 27.6 / 29.1
SE 0.379
29.2
CI 28.4 / 29.9
SE 0.387
28.5
CI 27.7 / 29.2
SE 0.370
28.1
CI 27.4 / 28.8
SE 0.359


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 26.2
CI 24.6 / 27.8
SE 0.815
26.0
CI 24.5 / 27.5
SE 0.776
25.5
CI 23.9 / 27.2
SE 0.833
23.4
CI 22.1 / 24.8
SE 0.700


Metropolitan 27.3
CI 26.6 / 28.1
SE 0.379
27.9
CI 27.1 / 28.7
SE 0.406
27.3
CI 26.6 / 28.1
SE 0.382
27.4
CI 26.6 / 28.1
SE 0.367


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 29.8
CI 29.0 / 30.6
SE 0.417
29.9
CI 29.0 / 30.7
SE 0.424
30.1
CI 29.3 / 31.0
SE 0.424
29.6
CI 28.8 / 30.3
SE 0.384


   Public 24.5
CI 22.9 / 26.2
SE 0.850
25.5
CI 23.9 / 27.2
SE 0.820
25.3
CI 23.7 / 27.0
SE 0.842
24.7
CI 23.3 / 26.2
SE 0.737


   Private 30.7
CI 29.8 / 31.6
SE 0.465
30.7
CI 29.7 / 31.6
SE 0.469
31.0
CI 30.1 / 32.0
SE 0.474
30.5
CI 29.7 / 31.4
SE 0.447


Uninsured 35.2
CI 33.6 / 36.9
SE 0.828
36.1
CI 34.5 / 37.8
SE 0.829
33.9
CI 32.4 / 35.5
SE 0.800
33.2
CI 31.7 / 34.7
SE 0.772


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Marital status









Never married 40.7
CI 39.6 / 41.9
SE 0.596
40.4
CI 39.3 / 41.5
SE 0.580
40.6
CI 39.5 / 41.7
SE 0.566
39.7
CI 38.5 / 40.9
SE 0.609


Divorced or separated 28.0
CI 26.0 / 30.1
SE 1.053
28.8
CI 26.8 / 30.8
SE 1.011
27.6
CI 25.6 / 29.6
SE 1.027
25.5
CI 23.8 / 27.3
SE 0.892


Widowed 8.8
CI 6.8 / 11.3
SE 1.149
10.5
CI 8.3 / 13.3
SE 1.275
10.3
CI 8.2 / 12.7
SE 1.137
9.6
CI 7.8 / 11.8
SE 1.018


Married 22.5
CI 21.6 / 23.4
SE 0.466
22.9
CI 21.9 / 23.9
SE 0.500
22.0
CI 21.1 / 23.0
SE 0.464
22.5
CI 21.6 / 23.4
SE 0.463


Veteran status









Non-veteran 27.5
CI 26.8 / 28.2
SE 0.349
28.0
CI 27.3 / 28.8
SE 0.370
27.4
CI 26.7 / 28.1
SE 0.365
27.2
CI 26.6 / 27.9
SE 0.338


Veteran 24.2
CI 22.0 / 26.5
SE 1.163
24.0
CI 21.8 / 26.4
SE 1.178
23.8
CI 21.5 / 26.3
SE 1.217
22.5
CI 20.4 / 24.9
SE 1.138


Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Binge drinking in past month—Adolescents (percent, 12–17 years)

2020 Baseline (year): 9.5 (2008)
2020 Target: 8.61
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 9.5
CI 9.1 / 10.0
SE 0.241
9.5
CI 9.0 / 10.0
SE 0.260
8.4
CI 7.9 / 9.0
SE 0.263
7.9
CI 7.5 / 8.4
SE 0.235


Sex









Male 9.0
CI 8.4 / 9.6
SE 0.319
9.7
CI 9.0 / 10.5
SE 0.378
8.3
CI 7.7 / 9.0
SE 0.351
7.9
CI 7.2 / 8.5
SE 0.327


Female 10.1
CI 9.4 / 10.8
SE 0.374
9.3
CI 8.6 / 10.0
SE 0.355
8.5
CI 7.8 / 9.3
SE 0.387
8.0
CI 7.4 / 8.7
SE 0.341


Race/Ethnicity









Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

8.5
CI 4.3 / 16.3
SE 2.921


Not Hispanic or Latino 9.5
CI 9.0 / 10.0
SE 0.263
9.3
CI 8.8 / 9.8
SE 0.275
8.3
CI 7.8 / 8.9
SE 0.283
8.2
CI 7.7 / 8.7
SE 0.260


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 4.5
CI 3.6 / 5.4
SE 0.452
5.1
CI 4.2 / 6.1
SE 0.488
4.6
CI 3.8 / 5.6
SE 0.442
4.6
CI 3.7 / 5.6
SE 0.482


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 11.3
CI 10.6 / 12.0
SE 0.336
10.7
CI 10.0 / 11.4
SE 0.339
9.6
CI 9.0 / 10.4
SE 0.357
9.3
CI 8.7 / 10.0
SE 0.328


Black or African American only 4.6
CI 3.8 / 5.6
SE 0.455
5.4
CI 4.5 / 6.5
SE 0.504
4.5
CI 3.8 / 5.5
SE 0.428
4.7
CI 3.8 / 5.7
SE 0.479


2 or more races 9.3
CI 6.7 / 12.7
SE 1.518
10.1
CI 7.3 / 13.9
SE 1.667
9.0
CI 6.8 / 11.8
SE 1.266
9.5
CI 7.1 / 12.6
SE 1.375


Hispanic or Latino 9.6
CI 8.4 / 10.9
SE 0.653
10.4
CI 9.1 / 12.0
SE 0.725
8.8
CI 7.7 / 10.2
SE 0.630
7.2
CI 6.2 / 8.3
SE 0.540


American Indian or Alaska Native only 11.6
CI 8.3 / 16.0
SE 1.942
10.5
CI 8.3 / 13.1
SE 1.214
10.1
CI 7.8 / 13.0
SE 1.320
9.6
CI 7.3 / 12.5
SE 1.332


Asian only 2.0
CI 1.1 / 3.6
SE 0.614
3.0
CI 1.8 / 5.0
SE 0.765
2.8
CI 1.6 / 5.0
SE 0.834
4.1
CI 2.6 / 6.4
SE 0.949


White only 10.9
CI 10.3 / 11.5
SE 0.302
10.6
CI 10.0 / 11.3
SE 0.311
9.5
CI 8.9 / 10.1
SE 0.322
8.8
CI 8.2 / 9.3
SE 0.287


Age group









16-17 18.4
CI 17.3 / 19.5
SE 0.573
18.1
CI 17.0 / 19.2
SE 0.553
16.6
CI 15.5 / 17.8
SE 0.602
16.1
CI 15.1 / 17.1
SE 0.525


12-13 1.6
CI 1.2 / 2.0
SE 0.206
1.7
CI 1.3 / 2.2
SE 0.22
1.2
CI 0.9 / 1.6
SE 0.170
1.1
CI 0.8 / 1.5
SE 0.163


14-15 7.7
CI 7.0 / 8.5
SE 0.368
7.8
CI 7.1 / 8.6
SE 0.391
7.0
CI 6.3 / 7.8
SE 0.373
6.1
CI 5.4 / 6.8
SE 0.361


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









100-199 8.8
CI 7.9 / 9.8
SE 0.502
9.2
CI 8.2 / 10.3
SE 0.541
7.8
CI 7.0 / 8.8
SE 0.478
7.3
CI 6.4 / 8.2
SE 0.467


<100 7.0
CI 6.0 / 8.2
SE 0.544
9.3
CI 8.1 / 10.7
SE 0.654
6.9
CI 5.9 / 8.0
SE 0.536
7.0
CI 6.1 / 7.9
SE 0.456


400-599 10.1
CI 9.2 / 11.2
SE 0.495
9.4
CI 8.5 / 10.4
SE 0.495
8.3
CI 7.3 / 9.5
SE 0.562
8.1
CI 7.1 / 9.3
SE 0.546


200-399 9.8
CI 8.9 / 10.8
SE 0.478
9.3
CI 8.5 / 10.2
SE 0.452
9.5
CI 8.6 / 10.6
SE 0.512
8.5
CI 7.7 / 9.4
SE 0.429


600+ 16.6
CI 14.0 / 19.6
SE 1.413
14.3
CI 11.6 / 17.6
SE 1.535
12.5
CI 10.0 / 15.4
SE 1.362
11.4
CI 8.8 / 14.5
SE 1.439


Country of birth









US 9.8
CI 9.3 / 10.3
SE 0.25
9.7
CI 9.2 / 10.2
SE 0.269
8.7
CI 8.1 / 9.2
SE 0.274
8.1
CI 7.6 / 8.6
SE 0.241


Outside US 5.3
CI 4.0 / 7.1
SE 0.791
7.1
CI 5.2 / 9.6
SE 1.096
5.4
CI 4.0 / 7.3
SE 0.829
6.1
CI 4.6 / 8.2
SE 0.914


Geographic location









Metropolitan 9.4
CI 8.8 / 9.9
SE 0.274
9.5
CI 9.0 / 10.1
SE 0.293
8.3
CI 7.7 / 8.9
SE 0.295
7.9
CI 7.4 / 8.4
SE 0.265


Non-metropolitan 10.3
CI 9.3 / 11.4
SE 0.538
9.4
CI 8.4 / 10.5
SE 0.550
9.3
CI 8.1 / 10.5
SE 0.613
8.2
CI 7.3 / 9.3
SE 0.513


Health insurance status









Insured 9.6
CI 9.1 / 10.1
SE 0.256
9.4
CI 8.9 / 9.9
SE 0.272
8.4
CI 7.9 / 9.0
SE 0.272
7.8
CI 7.4 / 8.3
SE 0.240


   Public 8.1
CI 7.3 / 9.0
SE 0.434
9.2
CI 8.3 / 10.2
SE 0.465
7.9
CI 7.1 / 8.7
SE 0.405
7.0
CI 6.3 / 7.7
SE 0.343


   Private 10.3
CI 9.7 / 11.0
SE 0.322
9.4
CI 8.8 / 10.1
SE 0.323
8.6
CI 8.0 / 9.3
SE 0.342
8.4
CI 7.8 / 9.0
SE 0.315


Uninsured 9.0
CI 7.4 / 10.9
SE 0.884
10.9
CI 8.9 / 13.1
SE 1.076
8.8
CI 7.0 / 10.9
SE 0.981
9.3
CI 7.5 / 11.4
SE 0.971


Sexual orientation









Sexual orientation DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Gender identity









Gender identity DNC

DNC

DNC

DNC



Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

DNC: Data for specific population not collected.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Adults who drank excessively in past 30 days (percent, 18+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 28.2 (2008)
2020 Target: 25.41
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 28.2
CI 27.5 / 28.9
SE 0.346
28.5
CI 27.8 / 29.2
SE 0.363
28.1
CI 27.4 / 28.8
SE 0.352
28.0
CI 27.3 / 28.6
SE 0.333


Sex









Male 34.9
CI 33.8 / 36.0
SE 0.549
34.9
CI 33.8 / 36.0
SE 0.553
34.1
CI 33.1 / 35.1
SE 0.521
33.2
CI 32.2 / 34.2
SE 0.516


Female 22.0
CI 21.2 / 22.8
SE 0.405
22.6
CI 21.8 / 23.4
SE 0.429
22.4
CI 21.6 / 23.3
SE 0.447
23.1
CI 22.3 / 24.0
SE 0.426


Race/Ethnicity









Not Hispanic or Latino 27.9
CI 27.1 / 28.6
SE 0.374
28.4
CI 27.6 / 29.1
SE 0.385
27.8
CI 27.1 / 28.6
SE 0.376
27.8
CI 27.1 / 28.5
SE 0.365


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 25.6
CI 23.6 / 27.6
SE 1.018
24.1
CI 22.1 / 26.2
SE 1.027
24.0
CI 22.2 / 26.0
SE 0.967
23.6
CI 21.9 / 25.4
SE 0.890


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 29.2
CI 28.3 / 30.0
SE 0.434
30.0
CI 29.2 / 30.9
SE 0.438
29.3
CI 28.5 / 30.1
SE 0.417
29.6
CI 28.8 / 30.4
SE 0.428


White only 29.4
CI 28.6 / 30.2
SE 0.395
29.9
CI 29.1 / 30.8
SE 0.414
29.4
CI 28.7 / 30.2
SE 0.387
29.5
CI 28.7 / 30.2
SE 0.388


American Indian or Alaska Native only 30.1
CI 25.9 / 34.7
SE 2.251
26.9
CI 23.1 / 31.1
SE 2.018
27.5
CI 23.5 / 31.9
SE 2.122
29.5
CI 25.2 / 34.2
SE 2.291


Asian only 13.9
CI 11.4 / 16.8
SE 1.374
13.5
CI 11.3 / 16.2
SE 1.248
15.5
CI 12.9 / 18.5
SE 1.433
14.3
CI 11.9 / 17.0
SE 1.298


2 or more races 26.1
CI 21.3 / 31.4
SE 2.580
31.3
CI 26.6 / 36.3
SE 2.488
26.7
CI 22.5 / 31.5
SE 2.312
24.9
CI 21.2 / 28.9
SE 1.958


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only DSU

DSU

DSU

DSU



Black or African American only 25.5
CI 23.6 / 27.5
SE 1.009
24.2
CI 22.2 / 26.2
SE 1.011
24.1
CI 22.2 / 26.0
SE 0.96
23.8
CI 22.2 / 25.6
SE 0.871


Hispanic or Latino 30.4
CI 28.4 / 32.3
SE 0.994
29.5
CI 27.6 / 31.5
SE 0.992
29.7
CI 27.7 / 31.7
SE 1.011
29.0
CI 27.2 / 30.8
SE 0.918


Age group









65 and over 10.6
CI 9.1 / 12.3
SE 0.826
11.7
CI 10.0 / 13.7
SE 0.946
9.9
CI 8.5 / 11.5
SE 0.768
12.1
CI 10.7 / 13.7
SE 0.756


   75-84 6.1
CI 4.4 / 8.3
SE 0.961
9.2
CI 6.7 / 12.4
SE 1.438
7.9
CI 5.9 / 10.6
SE 1.186
8.5
CI 6.5 / 11.2
SE 1.183


   65-74 13.9
CI 11.6 / 16.5
SE 1.249
14.4
CI 12.0 / 17.2
SE 1.335
11.9
CI 9.9 / 14.3
SE 1.117
15.1
CI 13.1 / 17.3
SE 1.063


   85 and over 5.7
CI 2.9 / 10.8
SE 1.901
3.7
CI 1.6 / 8.2
SE 1.531
3.8
CI 1.9 / 7.4
SE 1.322
4.5
CI 2.2 / 9.0
SE 1.633


45-64 23.2
CI 21.9 / 24.5
SE 0.662
23.1
CI 21.8 / 24.5
SE 0.669
23.4
CI 22.1 / 24.7
SE 0.673
23.3
CI 22.1 / 24.4
SE 0.597


   55-64 19.8
CI 17.7 / 22.1
SE 1.104
19.5
CI 17.6 / 21.5
SE 1.004
19.1
CI 17.2 / 21.2
SE 1.016
20.0
CI 18.2 / 21.8
SE 0.917


   45-54 25.7
CI 24.0 / 27.4
SE 0.874
25.9
CI 24.3 / 27.6
SE 0.837
26.8
CI 25.1 / 28.5
SE 0.869
26.0
CI 24.4 / 27.7
SE 0.841


18-44 37.7
CI 36.8 / 38.5
SE 0.432
38.1
CI 37.2 / 39.0
SE 0.451
37.9
CI 37.0 / 38.7
SE 0.441
37.2
CI 36.4 / 38.1
SE 0.432


   18-24 44.4
CI 43.3 / 45.4
SE 0.534
44.8
CI 43.7 / 46.0
SE 0.582
43.2
CI 42.2 / 44.3
SE 0.548
42.4
CI 41.2 / 43.6
SE 0.600


   25-44 35.3
CI 34.2 / 36.3
SE 0.550
35.6
CI 34.5 / 36.7
SE 0.563
35.8
CI 34.7 / 36.9
SE 0.559
35.3
CI 34.2 / 36.4
SE 0.556


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









< High school 22.7
CI 20.8 / 24.6
SE 0.979
23.4
CI 21.5 / 25.4
SE 1.017
22.6
CI 20.8 / 24.5
SE 0.937
22.4
CI 20.8 / 24.2
SE 0.876


Advanced degree 20.7
CI 18.9 / 22.5
SE 0.918
22.8
CI 21.0 / 24.8
SE 0.959
24.4
CI 22.4 / 26.4
SE 1.010
21.9
CI 20.2 / 23.6
SE 0.871


High school 27.7
CI 26.4 / 29.1
SE 0.682
26.9
CI 25.6 / 28.3
SE 0.695
26.2
CI 24.8 / 27.7
SE 0.746
26.7
CI 25.4 / 28.1
SE 0.699


Some college 27.8
CI 26.3 / 29.4
SE 0.797
27.0
CI 25.5 / 28.6
SE 0.782
27.1
CI 25.7 / 28.7
SE 0.775
27.3
CI 25.9 / 28.7
SE 0.712


4-year college degree 26.9
CI 24.9 / 28.9
SE 1.014
28.7
CI 26.7 / 30.8
SE 1.054
27.4
CI 25.5 / 29.4
SE 0.993
28.7
CI 26.7 / 30.8
SE 1.026


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









200-399 29.1
CI 27.9 / 30.3
SE 0.608
28.6
CI 27.3 / 29.8
SE 0.633
27.9
CI 26.7 / 29.1
SE 0.597
27.7
CI 26.6 / 28.9
SE 0.590


<100 27.5
CI 25.8 / 29.3
SE 0.891
28.5
CI 26.7 / 30.3
SE 0.903
26.9
CI 25.2 / 28.7
SE 0.883
28.2
CI 26.4 / 29.9
SE 0.893


600+ 29.0
CI 27.1 / 31.0
SE 1.000
29.3
CI 27.4 / 31.3
SE 1.000
30.1
CI 28.2 / 32.2
SE 1.036
27.3
CI 25.2 / 29.5
SE 1.089


100-199 25.6
CI 24.2 / 27.1
SE 0.738
26.6
CI 25.2 / 28.1
SE 0.728
25.8
CI 24.5 / 27.2
SE 0.707
26.2
CI 24.8 / 27.6
SE 0.696


400-599 28.5
CI 27.0 / 30.0
SE 0.755
29.2
CI 27.7 / 30.8
SE 0.780
29.4
CI 27.9 / 31.1
SE 0.811
30.1
CI 28.5 / 31.6
SE 0.786


Country of birth









Outside US 21.3
CI 19.7 / 23.0
SE 0.864
19.9
CI 18.3 / 21.5
SE 0.825
19.8
CI 18.2 / 21.5
SE 0.820
20.1
CI 18.5 / 21.8
SE 0.837


US 29.5
CI 28.7 / 30.2
SE 0.388
30.1
CI 29.4 / 30.9
SE 0.393
29.6
CI 28.8 / 30.3
SE 0.380
29.5
CI 28.8 / 30.2
SE 0.369


Geographic location









Metropolitan 28.5
CI 27.7 / 29.2
SE 0.388
28.9
CI 28.1 / 29.7
SE 0.408
28.4
CI 27.7 / 29.2
SE 0.394
28.6
CI 27.9 / 29.4
SE 0.377


Non-metropolitan 26.9
CI 25.3 / 28.6
SE 0.835
26.8
CI 25.3 / 28.3
SE 0.767
26.4
CI 24.7 / 28.1
SE 0.854
24.4
CI 23.1 / 25.9
SE 0.717


Health insurance status (<65 years)









Insured 30.8
CI 30.0 / 31.6
SE 0.419
30.7
CI 29.9 / 31.5
SE 0.427
31.1
CI 30.2 / 32.0
SE 0.437
30.7
CI 29.9 / 31.5
SE 0.394


   Private 31.8
CI 30.9 / 32.7
SE 0.466
31.5
CI 30.6 / 32.5
SE 0.476
32.1
CI 31.2 / 33.1
SE 0.490
31.8
CI 30.9 / 32.7
SE 0.458


   Public 25.1
CI 23.4 / 26.8
SE 0.858
26.0
CI 24.4 / 27.7
SE 0.834
25.7
CI 24.1 / 27.4
SE 0.854
25.6
CI 24.1 / 27.1
SE 0.752


Uninsured 35.8
CI 34.2 / 37.5
SE 0.837
37.0
CI 35.3 / 38.6
SE 0.841
34.5
CI 33.0 / 36.1
SE 0.807
33.7
CI 32.2 / 35.2
SE 0.779


Marital status









Divorced or separated 29.0
CI 27.0 / 31.1
SE 1.056
29.6
CI 27.7 / 31.7
SE 1.019
28.4
CI 26.4 / 30.5
SE 1.042
26.9
CI 25.1 / 28.7
SE 0.915


Widowed 10.3
CI 8.1 / 13.1
SE 1.261
11.5
CI 9.1 / 14.5
SE 1.361
12.0
CI 9.8 / 14.6
SE 1.243
10.6
CI 8.7 / 13.0
SE 1.090


Married 23.7
CI 22.8 / 24.6
SE 0.468
24.0
CI 23.0 / 25.0
SE 0.509
23.3
CI 22.3 / 24.2
SE 0.482
24.0
CI 23.1 / 24.9
SE 0.475


Never married 41.5
CI 40.3 / 42.7
SE 0.605
40.9
CI 39.8 / 42.1
SE 0.584
41.3
CI 40.2 / 42.4
SE 0.571
40.4
CI 39.2 / 41.6
SE 0.615


Veteran status









Non-veteran 28.6
CI 27.9 / 29.3
SE 0.358
28.9
CI 28.2 / 29.6
SE 0.373
28.5
CI 27.8 / 29.2
SE 0.376
28.5
CI 27.8 / 29.2
SE 0.349


Veteran 24.9
CI 22.7 / 27.3
SE 1.172
25.5
CI 23.2 / 28.0
SE 1.212
24.4
CI 22.1 / 26.9
SE 1.236
23.7
CI 21.5 / 26.1
SE 1.179


Footnotes View Footnotes

1Target has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

2Baseline has been revised. See Tech Specs for details.

DSU: Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Average annual alcohol consumption (gallons per person, 14+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 2.3 (2007)
2020 Target: 2.1
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2007        
Total 2.3









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Alcohol-related motor vehicle crash deaths (per 100 million vehicle miles, 0.08 blood alcohol content)

2020 Baseline (year): 0.40 (2008)
2020 Target: 0.38
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008        
Total 0.40









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Steroid use among 8th graders in the past year (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 1.3 (2009)
2020 Target: Not applicable
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2009        
Total 0.8
CI 0.6 / 1.0
SE 0.092








Sex









Female 0.5
CI 0.3 / 0.7
SE 0.099








Male 1.0
CI 0.7 / 1.3
SE 0.149








Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Hispanic or Latino









Black or African American only









White only









Geographic location









Metropolitan 0.8
CI 0.5 / 1.0
SE 0.111








Non-metropolitan 0.9
CI 0.6 / 1.2
SE 0.145








Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Steroid use among 10th graders in the past year (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 1.3 (2009)
2020 Target: Not applicable
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2009        
Total 0.8
CI 0.6 / 1.0
SE 0.088








Sex









Male 1.2
CI 0.8 / 1.5
SE 0.165








Female 0.4
CI 0.2 / 0.5
SE 0.063








Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Hispanic or Latino









Black or African American only









White only









Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 0.7
CI 0.4 / 1.1
SE 0.161








Metropolitan 0.8
CI 0.6 / 1.0
SE 0.103








Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Steroid use among 12th graders in the past year (percent)

2020 Baseline (year): 2.2 (2009)
2020 Target: Not applicable
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 2008-2009        
Total









Sex









Female









Male









Race/Ethnicity (2-year average)









Black or African American only 1.5
CI 0.8 / 2.3
SE 0.378








Hispanic or Latino 1.0
CI 0.5 / 1.5
SE 0.245








White only 1.5
CI 1.2 / 1.8
SE 0.162








Geographic location









Non-metropolitan









Metropolitan









Footnotes View Footnotes

Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release.

Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

Data are not available or not collected for populations not shown.

CI: 95% confidence interval.

Persons with nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers in the past year (percent, 12+ years)

2020 Baseline (year): 4.8 (2008)
2020 Target: Not applicable1
Desired Direction: Decrease
Populations 20082 2009 2010 2011  
Total 4.8
CI 4.5 / 5.0
SE 0.118
4.9
CI 4.7 / 5.2
SE 0.128
4.8
CI 4.6 / 5.1
SE 0.133
4.3
CI 4.1 / 4.6
SE 0.117


Sex









Male 5.3
CI 4.9 / 5.7
SE 0.190
5.6
CI 5.3 / 6.0
SE 0.199
5.6
CI 5.2 / 6.1
SE 0.221
4.8
CI 4.5 / 5.2
SE 0.175


Female 4.3
CI 4.0 / 4.6
SE 0.143
4.3
CI 4.0 / 4.6
SE 0.150
4.1
CI 3.8 / 4.4
SE 0.153
3.8
CI 3.6 / 4.1
SE 0.151


Race/Ethnicity









American Indian or Alaska Native only 5.4
CI 4.3 / 6.8
SE 0.634
7.8
CI 5.5 / 10.9
SE 1.359
7.0
CI 5.2 / 9.4
SE 1.069
6.0
CI 4.5 / 7.9
SE 0.847


Black or African American only 3.8
CI 3.2 / 4.5
SE 0.322
3.5
CI 3.0 / 4.0
SE 0.257
3.8
CI 3.2 / 4.5
SE 0.336
3.6
CI 3.0 / 4.3
SE 0.314


Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only 9.6
CI 4.7 / 18.5
SE 3.362
DSU

3.3
CI 1.4 / 7.3
SE 1.372
3.5
CI 1.9 / 6.3
SE 1.064


2 or more races 4.9
CI 3.6 / 6.6
SE 0.747
5.8
CI 4.1 / 8.2
SE 1.038
6.7
CI 5.3 / 8.5
SE 0.794
5.9
CI 4.5 / 7.6
SE 0.793


Not Hispanic or Latino 4.9
CI 4.7 / 5.2
SE 0.127
5.0
CI 4.7 / 5.3
SE 0.137
4.8
CI 4.5 / 5.1
SE 0.143
4.3
CI 4.1 / 4.6
SE 0.126


   White only, not Hispanic or Latino 5.2
CI 4.9 / 5.5
SE 0.148
5.4
CI 5.0 / 5.7
SE 0.161
5.1
CI 4.8 / 5.4
SE 0.163
4.6
CI 4.3 / 4.9
SE 0.146


   Black or African American only, not Hispanic or Latino 3.8
CI 3.2 / 4.5
SE 0.330
3.5
CI 3.0 / 4.1
SE 0.262
3.6
CI 3.0 / 4.3
SE 0.322
3.5
CI 2.9 / 4.2
SE 0.325


White only 5.0
CI 4.7 / 5.3
SE 0.136
5.2
CI 5.0 / 5.5
SE 0.148
5.0
CI 4.7 / 5.3
SE 0.151
4.5
CI 4.3 / 4.8
SE 0.134


Hispanic or Latino 3.9
CI 3.4 / 4.6
SE 0.32
4.7
CI 4.1 / 5.5
SE 0.358
4.9
CI 4.2 / 5.6
SE 0.373
4.3
CI 3.8 / 5.0
SE 0.316


Asian only 2.5
CI 1.8 / 3.6
SE 0.452
2.4
CI 1.7 / 3.3
SE 0.418
3.2
CI 1.9 / 5.4
SE 0.863
1.8
CI 1.1 / 2.8
SE 0.407


Age group









45-64 2.3
CI 2.0 / 2.8
SE 0.211
2.8
CI 2.4 / 3.3
SE 0.235
2.8
CI 2.3 / 3.3
SE 0.265
2.3
CI 1.9 / 2.8
SE 0.214


   55-64 1.5
CI 1.0 / 2.2
SE 0.292
2.0
CI 1.4 / 2.9
SE 0.364
1.8
CI 1.2 / 2.7
SE 0.380
1.7
CI 1.2 / 2.5
SE 0.327


   45-54 3.0
CI 2.4 / 3.6
SE 0.300
3.4
CI 2.8 / 4.0
SE 0.306
3.6
CI 2.9 / 4.4
SE 0.381
2.8
CI 2.3 / 3.4
SE 0.287


12-17 6.5
CI 6.1 / 6.9
SE 0.216
6.6
CI 6.2 / 7.1
SE 0.218
6.3
CI 5.8 / 6.7
SE 0.220
5.9
CI 5.6 / 6.3
SE 0.192


18-44 7.4
CI 7.0 / 7.9
SE 0.208
7.7
CI 7.3 / 8.1
SE 0.209
7.5
CI 7.1 / 8.0
SE 0.218
6.9
CI 6.5 / 7.3
SE 0.199


   18-24 12.2
CI 11.6 / 12.9
SE 0.332
12.2
CI 11.6 / 12.9
SE 0.329
11.2
CI 10.6 / 11.9
SE 0.318
9.9
CI 9.4 / 10.5
SE 0.296


   25-44 5.7
CI 5.3 / 6.2
SE 0.249
6.0
CI 5.5 / 6.5
SE 0.254
6.2
CI 5.7 / 6.7
SE 0.273
5.7
CI 5.2 / 6.2
SE 0.258


65 and over 0.8
CI 0.5 / 1.3
SE 0.210
0.4
CI 0.2 / 0.8
SE 0.136
0.4
CI 0.2 / 0.8
SE 0.145
0.5
CI 0.3 / 0.9
SE 0.152


   75-84 1.1
CI 0.5 / 2.5
SE 0.461
0.2
CI 0.0 / 1.4
SE 0.196
0.2
CI 0.1 / 0.8
SE 0.144
0.3
CI 0.1 / 1.5
SE 0.262


   85 and over 0.1
CI 0.0 / 0.7
SE 0.104
DSU

1.1
CI 0.3 / 4.0
SE 0.728
0.6
CI 0.1 / 2.3
SE 0.412


   65-74 0.7
CI 0.4 / 1.4
SE 0.241
0.6
CI 0.3 / 1.2
SE 0.206
0.4
CI 0.2 / 1.1
SE 0.199
0.6
CI 0.3 / 1.2
SE 0.206


Educational attainment (25 years and over)









< High school 3.3
CI 2.7 / 4.1
SE 0.342
4.4
CI 3.6 / 5.4
SE 0.464
4.0
CI 3.3 / 5.0
SE 0.423
4.0
CI 3.3 / 4.8
SE 0.374


4-year college degree 2.8
CI 2.3 / 3.5
SE 0.302
3.7
CI 2.9 / 4.6
SE 0.419
3.5
CI 2.8 / 4.3
SE 0.374
3.1
CI 2.5 / 3.9
SE 0.360


High school 3.7
CI 3.2 / 4.3
SE 0.276
3.8
CI 3.4 / 4.3
SE 0.247
3.3
CI 2.8 / 3.9
SE 0.275
3.4
CI 2.9 / 3.9
SE 0.248


Advanced degree 2.3
CI 1.8 / 2.9
SE 0.291
2.2
CI 1.7 / 2.9
SE 0.305
2.7
CI 2.1 / 3.5
SE 0.364
2.1
CI 1.6 / 2.6
SE 0.266


Some college 4.3
CI 3.7 / 4.9
SE 0.316
3.8
CI 3.3 / 4.4
SE 0.299
4.7
CI 4.0 / 5.4
SE 0.350
3.6
CI 3.1 / 4.3
SE 0.305


Family income (percent Federal Poverty Level)









<100 6.6
CI 5.9 / 7.3
SE 0.349
8.1
CI 7.2 / 9.0
SE 0.468
6.6
CI 5.9 / 7.4
SE 0.373
6.2
CI 5.6 / 6.9
SE 0.337


200-399 5.1
CI 4.7 / 5.5
SE 0.212
4.6
CI 4.2 / 5.0
SE 0.202
4.7
CI 4.3 / 5.1
SE 0.203
4.3
CI 3.9 / 4.7
SE 0.206


100-199 5.0
CI 4.5 / 5.6
SE 0.269
5.6
CI 5.1 / 6.2
SE 0.278
5.7
CI 5.1 / 6.5
SE 0.344
5.3
CI 4.8 / 5.9
SE 0.264


400-599 4.2
CI 3.8 / 4.8
SE 0.261
3.8
CI 3.4 / 4.3
SE 0.239
4.1
CI 3.5 / 4.7
SE 0.298
3.2
CI 2.8 / 3.7
SE 0.239


600+ 3.0
CI 2.5 / 3.7
SE 0.298
3.6
CI 3.0 / 4.3
SE 0.333
3.1
CI 2.5 / 3.7
SE 0.291
2.4
CI 1.9 / 3.0
SE 0.278


Country of birth









US 5.2
CI 4.9 / 5.5
SE 0.133
5.4
CI 5.1 / 5.7
SE 0.144
5.2
CI 4.9 / 5.5
SE 0.146
4.7
CI 4.4 / 4.9
SE 0.126


Outside US 2.2
CI 1.8 / 2.8
SE 0.248
2.5
CI 2.0 / 3.1
SE 0.265
2.8
CI 2.2 / 3.6
SE 0.351
2.4
CI 1.9 / 3.0
SE 0.290


Geographic location









Non-metropolitan 4.4
CI 4.0 / 4.9
SE 0.232
4.8
CI 4.2 / 5.4
SE 0.295
4.4
CI 3.9 / 5.1
SE 0.298
3.9
CI 3.4 / 4.4
SE 0.254


Metropolitan 4.8
CI 4.6 / 5.1
SE 0.135
5.0
CI 4.7 / 5.3
SE 0.142
4.9
CI 4.6 / 5.2
SE 0.147
4.4
CI 4.2 / 4.7
SE 0.129