SA-18.3 Reduce steroid use among 12th graders

National Data Source
Monitoring the Future Study (MTF); National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
2.2 (2009)
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Number of 12th grade students who report using steroids in the past year
Number of 12th grade students
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the Monitoring the Future Study:


Steroids, or anabolic steroids, are sometimes prescribed by doctors to promote healing from certain types of injuries. Some athletes, and others, have used them to try to increase muscle development. On how many occasions (if any) have you taken steroids on your own--that is, without a doctor telling you to take them?

  • ... in your lifetime?
  • ... during the last 12 months?
  • ... during the last 30 days?

[Mark one circle for each line. Response categories include:]

  1. 0 occasions
  2. 1-2 occasions
  3. 3-5 occasions
  4. 6-9 occasions
  5. 10-19 occasions
  6. 20-39 occasions
  7. 40 or more
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective


Methodology Notes

Students are considered to have used steroids if they respond that they used steroids on one or more occasions during the last 12 months or during the last 30 days. Data are based on students in attendance on the day of the survey administration. A description of MTF was published by NIDA.

References and More Information

  1. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2009. NIH Publication No. 10-7583. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2010.
  2. Klein, R.J.; Proctor, S.E.; Boudreault, M.A.; Turczyn, K.M. Healthy People 2010 Criteria for Data Suppression. Statistical Notes No. 24. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2002.