HDS-7 Reduce the proportion of adults with high total blood cholesterol levels

National Data Source
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
15.0 (2005-2008)
Target
13.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of persons aged 20 years and over with total blood cholesterol of 240 mg/dL or greater
Denominator
Number of persons aged 20 years and over
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

Total cholesterol is a combination of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Total blood cholesterol is measured enzymatically in a series of coupled reactions. A description of the procedures for the total cholesterol measurement in NHANES has been published by NCHS.

Blood cholesterol levels less than 200 mg/dL are considered desirable. Levels of 240 mg/dL or above are considered high. Levels of 200-239 mg/dL are considered borderline.

Individuals who take medication to lower their serum cholesterol levels and whose measured total serum cholesterol levels are below the cut-offs for high and borderline high cholesterol, are not defined as having high or borderline high cholesterol, respectively.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Total: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Sex: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Race/Ethnicity: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Educational Attainment: 25-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Family Income: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Country of Birth: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Disability Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Health Insurance Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-64
  • Marital Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Veteran Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Obesity Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+

References and More Information

  1. Gunter, E.W.; Lewis, B.G.; and Koncikowski, S.M. Laboratory Procedures Used for the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–94. HHS, Public Health Service, CDC, 1996.
  2. National Center for Health Statistics. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1998–1994, NHANES III Laboratory Data Files (CD-ROM). Public Use Data File Documentation No. 76200. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1996.