HDS-11 Increase the proportion of adults with hypertension who are taking the prescribed medications to lower their blood pressure

National Data Source
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
63.2 (2005-2008)
Target
69.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of persons aged 18 years and over with high blood pressure/hypertension who are taking high blood pressure medications
Denominator
Number of persons aged 18 years and over with high blood pressure/hypertension
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey:

[NUMERATOR AND DENOMINATOR:]

Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you had hypertension, also called high blood pressure?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Refused
  4. Don't know

Because of your high blood pressure/hypertension, have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional to take prescribed medication?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Refused
  4. Don't know

Are you now taking prescribed medication?

  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Refused
  4. Don't know
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

Adults are defined as having high blood pressure/hypertension if they either: (a) have a measurement of mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mm Hg or (b) mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mm Hg or (c) report that they are taking high blood pressure medicine.

Blood pressure is measured by averaging up to 3 blood pressure readings taken during the physical examination in the NHANES mobile examination center.

Blood pressure has been measured with the mercury sphygmomanometer for many years but with new technologies available, alternative blood pressure devices have taken center stage. The rapid pace of the development of automated sphygmomanometers with improving accuracy and reliability combined with increasing affordability has meant that these devices have now replaced the mercury sphygmomanometer in many settings. A detailed description of the procedures for blood pressure measurement in the NHANES has been published elsewhere.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Total: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Sex: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Race/Ethnicity: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Educational Attainment: 25-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Family Income: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Country of Birth: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Disability Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Health Insurance Status: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-64
  • Diabetes Status: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Marital Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Veteran Status: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Obesity Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 12-11 in that it is a component of the Healthy People 2010 objective. Healthy People 2010 objective 12-11 tracked adults with high blood pressure who were taking action to help control blood their blood pressure through diet, sodium and alcohol reduction, exercise, or high blood pressure medication. This objective tracks those adults with high blood pressure/hypertension who are taking high blood pressure medication. The data source was changed from the National Health Interview Survey to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to enable direct measurement of some of the action components tracked by other Healthy People 2020 objectives.

References and More Information

  1. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006, Public Use Medical Conditions Questionnaire Documentation. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 2007.