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MICH-1.1 Data Details

MICH-1.1 Reduce the rate of fetal deaths at 20 or more weeks of gestation

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Vital Statistics System-Fetal Death (NVSS-FD); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths 
Baseline (Year)
6.2 (2005)
Target
5.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of fetal deaths (20 or more weeks of gestation)
Denominator
Number of live births plus fetal deaths (20 or more weeks gestation)
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

A description of the primary measurement used to determine the infant’s gestational age—the interval between the first day of the last normal menstrual period (LMP) and the birth—has been published by NCHS.1

This objective uses the same measurement protocol as the comparable Healthy People 2000 objective 14.2 and Healthy People 2010 objective 16.1a, A description of the fetal death measurement has been published by NCHS.2

States are required to report fetal deaths if they occur in the 20th week of pregnancy or later, or if they weigh at least 350 grams.3 The number of fetal deaths may be underreported in part because of variations in reporting requirements by States.

1. Martin, J.A.; Hamilton, B.E.; Sutton, P.D.; et al. Births: Final data for 2003. National Vital Statistics Reports Vol. 54, No. 2. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 2005.

2. Heck, K.E., and Klein, R.J. Operational definitions for year 2000 objectives: Priority area 14, Maternal and Infant Health. Healthy People 2000 Statistical Note. No. 14. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS, 1998.

3. National Center for Health Statistics. Technical Appendix. Vital Statistics of the United States, 1999. Vol. II, Mortality, Part A. Available from: www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/statab/techap99.pdf