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EH-2.3 Data Details

EH-2.3 Increase trips to work made by mass transit

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
American Community Survey (ACS); U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
5.0 (2008)
Target
5.5
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of trips taken by mass transit
Denominator
Total number of trips
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the American Community Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

How did this person usually get to work LAST WEEK? If this person usually used more than one method of transportation during the trip, mark (X) the box of the one used for most of the distance.

  1. Car, truck, or van
  2. Bus or trolley bus
  3. Streetcar or trolley car
  4. Subway or elevated
  5. Railroad
  6. Ferryboat
  7. Taxicab
  8. Motorcycle
  9. Bicycle
  10. Walked
  11. Worked at home ? SKIP to question 39a
  12. Other method
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

Although the American Community Survey (ACS) produces population, demographic and housing unit estimates, it is the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program that produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities and towns and estimates of housing units for states and counties. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see Survey Methodology. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see Accuracy of the Data). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Workers include members of the Armed Forces and civilians who were at work last week. While the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) data generally reflect the November 2007 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas; in certain instances the names, codes, and boundaries of the principal cities shown in ACS tables may differ from the OMB definitions due to differences in the effective dates of the geographic entities. The 2008 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS) data generally reflect the November 2007 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) definitions of metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas; in certain instances the names, codes, and boundaries of the principal cities shown in PRCS tables may differ from the OMB definitions due to differences in the effective dates of the geographic entities. Estimates of urban and rural population, housing units, and characteristics reflect boundaries of urban areas defined based on Census 2000 data. Boundaries for urban areas have not been updated since Census 2000. As a result, data for urban and rural areas from the ACS do not necessarily reflect the results of Updated: Ongoing urbanization.

National Household Travel Survey (NHTS), U.S. Department of Transportation, to the American Community Survey (ACS), U.S. Bureau of the Census for Healthy People 2020. The current data source is not as comprehensive because it only considers work-related trips, but provides Annual estimates compared to 5-6 years for NHTS.

Caveats and Limitations
Estimates are for work-related trips only. These account for less than one half of all trips.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Alternative transportation
    http://www.census.gov/acs/www/SBasics/SQuest/SQuest1.htm
  2. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey