Skip Navigation

Mental Health

Latest Data

Explore data for reference objectives
Suicide attempts by adolescents (MHMD-2)

Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

Over the past decade, the suicide rate increased 16.3%, from 10.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2000 to 12.1 in 2010. Suicide rates varied by factors such as race/ethnicity and age; for example, the rate for the American Indian or Alaska Native population was twice as high as that for the black non-Hispanic population, the racial/ethnic group with the lowest suicide rate. In 2011, 8.2% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 reported having had a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. The rate of MDE for females was more than 2½ times that for males.

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.
Suicides (MHMD-1)
Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

Suicides (MHMD-1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-1 tracks the suicide rate for the total population.
    • HP2020 Baseline: 11.3 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted) occurred in 2007
    • HP2020 Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10 percent improvement over the baseline.
  • The suicide rate for the total population increased by 16.3% between 2000 and 2010, from 10.4 to 12.1 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2010, for example:
    • Among racial and ethnic groups, the black non-Hispanic population had the lowest suicide rate, 5.4 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were 10.8 and 15.0 per 100,000 (age adjusted), respectively. The rates for American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were twice as high and almost three times as high as the best group, respectively.
    • Females had a lower suicide rate (5.0 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than males (19.8 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for males was approximately four times the rate for females.

    Suicide Rate by Sex, 2011

    The suicide rate for males was nearly 4 times the rate for females. SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.

    • Among age groups, 45-64 year olds had the highest suicide rate, 18.6 per 100,000 population. Rates for the other groups were:
      • 3.8 for 12-17 year olds
      • 12.6 for 18-24 year olds
      • 15.0 for 25-44 year olds
      • 14.9 for those 65 years and older.
    • Persons born outside the U.S. had a lower rate of suicide (6.9 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons born in the U.S. (13.0 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for persons born in the U.S. was nearly twice as high as the rate for persons born outside the U.S.
    • Among persons aged 25 years and older, married persons had the lowest rate of suicide (11.1 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) among groups by marital status. Rates were 23.0, 30.8, and 32.1 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) for never married, divorced, and widowed persons, respectively. Rates for never married, divorced, and widowed persons were more than twice, almost three times, and almost three times the rate for married persons, respectively.
    • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower suicide rate (11.5 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (15.4 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for persons in non-metropolitan areas was almost one and a half times the rate for persons in metropolitan areas.

Endnotes:

  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, and 85+. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, and 85+. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5-17, 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, 65-74, and 75+. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.
  • Data are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS—M), CDC/NCHS.

Back to Top

Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-4.1 tracks the proportion of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who experience major depressive episode (MDE).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2008, 8.3 percent of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having a major depressive episode in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 7.5 percent, a 10 percent improvement over the baseline.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2011, for example:
    • Black non-Hispanic adolescents reported having the lowest proportion of MDE in the past 12 months, 7.0%, compared to 8.6% for white non-Hispanic adolescents and 9.5% for American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents. The rates for white non-Hispanics and American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents were 23% and 36% higher than that for Black non-Hispanic adolescents, respectively, although the difference between black non-Hispanic and American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents was not statistically significant.
    • A lower proportion of adolescent males reported having a MDE in the past 12 months, 4.5% compared to adolescent females, 12.1%. The rate for females was more than two and a half times that for males.

    Major Depressive Episode by Sex, 2011

    The MDE rate for females was more than 2.5 times that for males. SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

    • Among age groups, adolescents 12-13 years old reported having the lowest proportion of MDE in the past 12 months, 4.1%, compared to 8.6% among 14-15 year olds and 11.7% among 16-17 year olds. Rates for 14-15 year olds and 16-17 year olds were more than twice as high and nearly three times as high as the rate for 12-13 year olds, respectively.

Endnotes:

  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise.
  • Data are available annually from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

Reference Objective

A reference objective is a Healthy People 2020 objective that is closely tied to one or more of the LHI objectives.

Suicide attempts by adolescents (MHMD-2)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-2 tracks the proportion of adolescents in grades 9-12 who reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention.
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2009, 1.9 percent of adolescents in grades 9-12 reported making suicide attempts that required medical attention in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 1.7 percent, a 10 percent improvement over the baseline.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2011, for example:
    • White non-Hispanic adolescents reported having the lowest proportion of suicide attempts in the past 12 months, 1.9%, compared to 3.2% for Hispanic, 4.5% for Asian and 6.6% for American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents. The rates for Hispanic, Asian, and American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents were more than one and a half times, nearly two and a half times, and approximately three and a half times that for White non-Hispanic adolescents, respectively.
    • Males had a lower proportion of adolescents who reported suicide attempts in the past 12 months, 1.9% compared to females, 2.9%. The rate for females was approximately one and a half times that for males.
    • Among obesity groups, not obese adolescents reported the lowest proportion of suicide attempts in the past 12 months, 2.1%, compared to 3.2% among obese adolescents. Rates for obese adolescents were approximately one and a half times that for not obese adolescents, although this difference was not statistically significant.

Endnotes:

  • All disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance unless noted otherwise.
  • Data are available biannually from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCHHSTP.

Back to Top