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Mental Health

Latest Data

Explore the latest data for the LHI topic Mental Health.
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Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going

From 2001 to 2011, the suicide rate increased 15.0%, from 10.7 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) in 2001 to 12.3 in 2011. Suicide rates varied by factors such as race/ethnicity, age, country of birth, and marital status. In 2012, 9.1% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having had a major depressive episode (MDE) in the past 12 months. The rate of MDE varied by sex, race/ethnicity, and age.

Leading Health Indicators

Explore the latest data and disparities for each indicator.
Suicides (MHMD-1)
Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

Suicides (MHMD-1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-1 tracks the suicide rate for the total population.
  • HP2020 Baseline: 11.3 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted) occurred in 2007.
  • HP2020 Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population (age adjusted), a 10% improvement over the baseline.
  • The suicide rate for the total population increased by 15.0% between 2001 and 2011, from 10.7 to 12.3 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2011. For example:
    • Among racial and ethnic groups, the black non-Hispanic population had the lowest suicide rate, 5.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted). The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were 10.6 and 15.5 per 100,000 population (age adjusted), respectively. The rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and the white non-Hispanic populations were almost twice as high and almost 3 times as high as the best group rate, respectively.
    • Females had a lower suicide rate (5.2 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than males (20.0 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for males was almost 4 times the rate for females.

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2011

Suicide Rate by Sex, 2011

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System - Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS and Population Estimates, Census.



  • Suicide rates varied by age group. Rates for age groups were:
    • 1.5 per 100,000 population for persons aged 5–17 years
    • 14.7 per 100,000 population for persons aged 18–44 years
    • 18.6 per 100,000 population for persons aged 45–64 years
    • 15.3 per 100,000 population for those 65 years and over
  • Persons born outside the U.S. had a lower rate of suicide (6.7 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons born in the U.S. (13.4 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for persons born in the U.S. was twice as high as the rate for persons born outside the U.S.
  • Among persons aged 25 years and over, married persons had the lowest rate of suicide (11.2 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) among groups by marital status. Rates were 22.7, 31.9, and 34.6 per 100,000 population (age adjusted) for never married, divorced, and widowed persons, respectively. Rates for never married, divorced, and widowed persons were about twice, almost 3 times, and more than 3 times the rate for married persons, respectively.
  • Persons living in metropolitan areas had a lower suicide rate (11.7 per 100,000 population, age adjusted) than persons living in non-metropolitan areas (15.9 per 100,000 population, age adjusted). The rate for persons in non-metropolitan areas was almost 1.5 times the rate for persons in metropolitan areas.

Notes:

  • Unless noted otherwise, all disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data (except those by marital status, country of birth, and age group) are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using the age groups <1, 1–4, 5–14, 15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by marital status are adjusted using the age groups 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75–84, and 85+. Data by country of birth are adjusted using the age groups <5, 5–17, 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, and 75+. Data by age group are not age adjusted. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates.
  • Data are available annually from the National Vital Statistics System– - Mortality (NVSS–-M), CDC/NCHS, and U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates.

Adolescents who experience major depressive episode (MHMD-4.1)

  • Healthy People 2020 objective MHMD-4.1 tracks the proportion of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who experience major depressive episode (MDE).
    • HP2020 Baseline: In 2008, 8.3% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported having had a major depressive episode in the past 12 months.
    • HP2020 Target: 7.5%, a 10.0% improvement over the baseline.
  • Disparities were observed for a number of population groups in 2012. For example:
    • Asian adolescents reported having the lowest proportion of MDE in the past 12 months, 4.7%, compared to 7.9% for black non-Hispanic adolescents, 8.2% for American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents, 9.1% for white non-Hispanic adolescents, and 10.5% for Hispanic or Latino adolescents. The rates for black non-Hispanic and American Indian or Alaska Native adolescents were more than 1.5 times the best group rate; the rate for white non-Hispanic adolescents was nearly twice the best group rate; and the rate for Hispanic or Latino adolescents was more than twice the best group rate. The difference between Asian and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander adolescents was not statistically significant.
    • A higher proportion of adolescent females (13.7%) reported having an MDE in the past 12 months than adolescent males (4.7%). The rate for females was almost 3 times that for males.

Major Depressive Episode among Adolescents by Sex, 2012

Major Depressive Episode among Adolescents by Sex, 2012

SOURCE: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA



  • Among age groups, adolescents aged 12 to 13 years reported having the lowest proportion of MDE in the past 12 months, 5.4%, compared to 10.2% among adolescents aged 14 to 15 years and 11.4% among adolescents aged 16 to 17 years. Rates for adolescents aged 14 to 15 years and 16 to 17 years were almost twice the rate and more than twice the rate for adolescents aged 12 to 13 years, respectively.

Notes:

  • Unless noted otherwise, all disparities described are statistically significant at the 0.05 level of significance.
  • Data are available annually from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), SAMHSA.

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