Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance Program (ABLES)
: The Adult Blood Lead and Epidemiology Surveillance (ABLES) program is a state-based surveillance program of laboratory-reported adult blood lead levels. The program objective is to build state capacity to initiate, expand, and/or improve adult blood lead surveillance programs which can accurately measure trends in adult blood lead levels and which can effectively intervene to prevent lead over-exposures. NIOSH is currently the only federal supported occupational surveillance for lead. ABLES state interventions to prevent lead over-exposures include (1) conducting follow-up interviews with physicians, employers, and workers; (2) investigating work sites; (3) providing technical assistance; (4) providing referrals for consultation and/or enforcement; and (5) developing and disseminating educational materials and outreach programs.
: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (CDC/NIOSH)
Data Years Available
: Mandatory reporting of laboratory reports to state health departments.
: Workers in states participating in the ABLES program
: ABLES states are required to have a mandatory state requirement that laboratories report blood lead level results to the state health department or designee.
Response rate and sample size
: In 2007, the ABLEs program collected data from 40 states. Data on industry and exposure source were submitted by 35 states (8,246 resident adults).
: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ABLES/ables.html and related web pages. Accessed August 24, 2010. Adult Blood Lead Surveillance and Epidemiology 2005-2007. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 56(14); 365-369. 2009.