School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS)
: Starting with the 2012 survey, the name of the SHPPS survey was changed from the School Health Policies and Program Study to the School Health Policies and Practices Study. This survey is the largest, most comprehensive assessment of school health policies and practices in the U.S. It is conducted at the state, district, school, and classroom levels nationwide. SHPSS assesses the characteristics of 8 components of school health at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. SHPSS is designed to answer the following questions: (1) What are the characteristics of each component of school health at the state, district, school, and classroom level? (2) Are there persons responsible for coordinating and delivering each component, and what are their qualifications and educational background? (3) What collaboration occurs among staff from each component with staff from outside agencies and organizations? (4) How have key policies changed over time?
: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (CDC/NCHHSTP)
Data Years Available
: SHPPS was conducted at the state, district, school, and classroom levels in 1994, 2000, and 2006. In 2012, SHPPS was conducted at the state and district levels. School and classroom level data collection will take place in 2014.
: Computer-assisted telephone interviews and self-administered mail questionnaires completed by personnel in state education departments, school districts, and schools.
: SHPSS data addresses the following components of school health: (1) health education, (2) physical education and activity, (3) health services, (4) mental health and social services, (5) nutrition services, (6) healthy and safe school environment, (7) faculty and staff health promotion, and (8) family and community involvement.
: Public and private elementary, middle, and high schools in the U.S.
: For SHPPS 2006, state-level data were collected from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. District-level data were collected from a nationally representative sample of public school districts. School-level data were collected from a nationally representative sample of public and private elementary, middle, and high schools. Classroom-level data were collected from teachers of randomly selected classes covering required health instruction and physical education. A total of 23 questionnaires were used to gather data on all of the components and respondent-types. Data were collected by computer-assisted personal interviews or self-administered mail questionnaires from designated respondents for each component at each level. All designated respondents had primary responsibility for, or were the most knowledgeable about, the policies and programs addressed in the particular questionnaire.
Response rate and sample size
: In 2006, the response rate for state-level components was 100% (n = 51) for all but the faculty and staff health component (98% response rate). At the district level (n = 538), 63% to 64% of districts eligible to complete any module, completed at least 1 module for a particular component. At the school level (n=1,103), 66% to 74% of schools eligible to complete any module completed at least 1 module for a particular component. At the classroom level, 94% of the 912 health education teachers sampled completed interviews as did 95% of the 1,194 sampled physical education teachers.
: Kann L, Brenner ND, Wechsler H. Overview and Summary: School Health Policies and Program Study 2006. Journal of School Health 77(8): 385-397. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/shpps/index.htm. Accessed August 8, 2010.